Sustainability as a basic property of the phenomenon of life organized in supraorganismal systems

The phenomenon of life is organized in supraorganismal systems, populations and ecosystems. The main mechanisms of sustainability of these systems are: 1) the influence of limiting factors on population growth and ecosystem development; 2) the allocation of plant and animal species into ecological niches; 3) co-adaptation of plants and animals; 4) species genetic integration; 5) biocommunications. Limiting factors inhibit populations' growth and distribution of organisms, so that populations obey the logistic growth, reaching a relatively stable climax stage. The space of limiting factors restricted by the tolerance limits of organisms forms an ecological niche of species. During long-joint evolution (co-evolution), species form co-adaptations (mutual adaptations). As a result of species genetic integrity, each new generation inherits not only adaptations for its specific ecological niche, but also a determined physical space including all the environmental factors to which the species is adapted. Consolidation of individuals with a related genotype is supported by intraspecific communication processes. Means of communication are genetically determined. Humankind is the only species on Earth that has subjugated limiting factors. As a result the population of humans shows an unlimited exponential growth, population explosion. It is a basic factor in the instability of the Nature-Society system. © The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020.

Авторы
Сборник материалов конференции
Издательство
EDP Sciences
Язык
Английский
Статус
Опубликовано
Номер
03001
Том
169
Год
2020
Организации
  • 1 Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Faculty of Ecology, 6 MiklukhoMaklaya St, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Animals; Biocommunications; Ecosystems; Environmental management; Explosions; Planning; Population statistics; Communication process; Ecosystem development; Environmental factors; Exponential growth; Genetic integrity; Mutual adaptation; Population explosion; Population growth; Sustainable development
Дата создания
02.11.2020
Дата изменения
02.11.2020
Постоянная ссылка
https://repository.rudn.ru/ru/records/article/record/64722/
Поделиться

Другие записи