The prospect of development of robotics in Russia

The article considers the position of the Russian robotics market in relation to the matrix of approaches to the development of national programs. At this stage, Russian robotics is based more on foreign basic research with a focus on the external market, since the capacity of the domestic Russian market is still insignificant and for the sustainable development of domestic developers and manufacturers of robotic systems it is necessary to focus on foreign markets. Robotics is traditionally divided by the international robotics Federation (IFR) into service and industrial robotics. Currently, the first type of robotics prevails in Russia, which can be seen by the number of companies belonging to these types: 80 companies developing service robots against 10 industrial ones. Thanks to the SWOT analysis of the robotics market in Russia conducted in the second part of the article, the main competitive advantages of the country were identified, among which, for example, one can note the huge territories and small population. Due to this situation, the use of unmanned transport (air, land, sea and river) in our country can be justified and cost-effective. As a result, driverless transport on our routes can be used for commercial purposes a little earlier than in countries with higher population density. It is also worth noting the threats that arise in the way of the development of domestic robotics. In the first place among the main ones are geopolitical barriers: the current sanctions regime against the Russian Federation puts barriers on scientific and technical cooperation with foreign specialists, prevents the import of technologies and blocks access to international investment. It is also worth noting the increase in the trend. © The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2020.

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EDP Sciences
  • 1 Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6, Miklukho Maklaya Str., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Commerce; Competition; Cost effectiveness; Investments; Population statistics; Transportation routes; Competitive advantage; Industrial robotics; International investments; National program; Population densities; Russian federation; Small population; Technical co-operation; Robotics
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