A unifying hypothesis of dark energy and dark matter: Negative masses, imaginary charges and dark minus-photons

The idea of a new model explaining the coherent nature of dark matter and dark energy is proposed. Recent works by Farnes (2018) and Socas-Navarro (2019) proposed a cosmological model and its critical analysis in which both dark matter and dark energy are replaced with a single fluid of negative mass. This paper presents a modification of this idea using the hypothesis about the existence of so-called imaginary charges and electromagnetic fields with negative energy density ('minus-fields') proposed by Ya.Terletsky (1991) and derived by us from a commutative generalization of the U(1) gauge symmetry group. It is shown that dark photons could be a partial source of the observed late-time cosmological acceleration, saying that dark energy, or part of it could be not cosmological constant or scalar field (quintessence), but photons with negative energy instead. The unusual properties of imaginary charges ensure the existence of dark matter structures. The Friedmann equation, in case when minus-photons give considerable contribution to the energy balance of the Universe, gives the following condition for the accelerated expansion: . It is found that even a relatively small density of dark negative radiation can lead to a significant change in the expansion dynamics of the Universe and new effects are predicted. Last, we assert the need to develop a new type of detectors that can detect particles and waves with negative energy. © 2020 IOP Publishing Ltd.

Авторы
Редакторы
-
Журнал
Издательство
Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences
Номер выпуска
7
Язык
Английский
Страницы
-
Статус
Опубликовано
Подразделение
-
Номер
075301
Том
95
Год
2020
Организации
  • 1 Department of Informatics and Applied Mathematics, Russian Presidential Academy of National Economy and Public Administration, 82-2 Prospect Vernadskogo, Moscow, 129226, Russian Federation
  • 2 Department of Applied Mathematics, Russian State Social University, 4-1 Wilhelm Pieck str., Moscow, 119571, Russian Federation
  • 3 Department of Medical Informatics and Telemedicine, Institute of Medicine, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, 6 Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 4 Institute of Physical Research and Technology, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6 Miklukho-Maklaya str., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
cosmology: theory; dark energy; dark matter; large-scale structure of Universe; Standard Model extensions
Дата создания
02.11.2020
Дата изменения
02.11.2020
Постоянная ссылка
https://repository.rudn.ru/ru/records/article/record/64582/