Overview: Integrative and Comprehensive Understanding on Polar Environments (iCUPE)-concept and initial results

The role of polar regions is increasing in terms of megatrends such as globalization, new transport routes, demography, and the use of natural resources with consequent effects on regional and transported pollutant concentrations. We set up the ERA-PLANET Strand 4 project "iCUPE-integrative and Comprehensive Understanding on Polar Environments"to provide novel insights and observational data on global grand challenges with an Arctic focus. We utilize an integrated approach combining in situ observations, satellite remote sensing Earth observations (EOs), and multi-scale modeling to synthesize data from comprehensive long-term measurements, intensive campaigns, and satellites to deliver data products, metrics, and indicators to stakeholders concerning the environmental status, availability, and extraction of natural resources in the polar areas. The iCUPE work consists of thematic state-of-the-art research and the provision of novel data in atmospheric pollution, local sources and transboundary transport, the characterization of arctic surfaces and their changes, an assessment of the concentrations and impacts of heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants and their cycling, the quantification of emissions from natural resource extraction, and the validation and optimization of satellite Earth observation (EO) data streams. In this paper we introduce the iCUPE project and summarize initial results arising out of the integration of comprehensive in situ observations, satellite remote sensing, and multi-scale modeling in the Arctic context. © 2020 Author(s).

Petäjä T.1 , Duplissy E.-M.1 , Tabakova K.1 , Schmale J.2, 3 , Altstädter B.4 , Ancellet G.5 , Arshinov M.6 , Balin Y.6 , Baltensperger U.2 , Bange J.7 , Beamish A.8 , Belan B.6 , Berchet A.9 , Bossi R.10 , Cairns W.R.L.11 , Ebinghaus R.12 , El Haddad I. , Ferreira-Araujo B.13 , Franck A.1 , Huang L.14 , Hyvärinen A.15 , Humbert A.16, 17 , Kalogridis A.-C.18 , Konstantinov P. 19, 30 , Lampert A.4 , MacLeod M.20 , Magand O.21 , Mahura A.1 , Marelle L.5, 21 , Masloboev V.22 , Moisseev D.1 , Moschos V.2 , Neckel N.16 , Onishi T.5 , Osterwalder S.21 , Ovaska A.1 , Paasonen P.1 , Panchenko M.6 , Pankratov F.22 , Pernov J.B.10 , Platis A.7 , Popovicheva O.23 , Raut J.-C.5 , Riandet A.9, 31 , Sachs T.8 , Salvatori R.24 , Salzano R.25 , Schröder L.16 , Schön M.7 , Shevchenko V.26 , Skov H.10 , Sonke J.E.13 , Spolaor A.11 , Stathopoulos V.K.18 , Strahlendorff M.15 , Thomas J.L.21 , Vitale V.11 , Vratolis S.18 , Barbante C.11, 27 , Chabrillat S.8 , Dommergue A.21 , Eleftheriadis K.18 , Heilimo J.15 , Law K.S.5 , Massling A.10 , Noe S.M.28 , Paris J.-D.9 , Prévôt A.S.H.2 , Riipinen I.20 , Wehner B.29 , Xie Z.12 , Lappalainen H.K.1, 15
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  • 1 Institute for Atmospheric and Earth System Research/Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Helsinki, P.O. Box 6400014, Finland
  • 2 Laboratory of Atmospheric Chemistry, Paul Scherrer Institute, Villigen PSI, Switzerland
  • 3 School of Architecture Civil and Environmental Engineering, École Polytechnique Fédérale de Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 4 Institute of Flight Guidance, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Germany
  • 5 LATMOS/IPSL, Sorbonne Université, Uvsq, Cnrs, Paris, France
  • 6 V.E. Zuev Institute of Atmospheric Optics of Siberian Branch, Russian Academy of Science (IAO Sb RAS), Tomsk, Russian Federation
  • 7 Center for Applied Geoscience, Eberhard Karls University, Tübingen, Germany
  • 8 Gfz German Research Centre for Geosciences, Telegrafenberg, Potsdam, Germany
  • 9 Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l'Environnement, CEA-CNRS-UVSQ, Ipsl, Gif-sur-Yvette, France
  • 10 Department of Environmental Science, IClimate, Aarhus University, Frederiksborgvej 399, Roskilde, 4000, Denmark
  • 11 Institute of Polar Sciences, National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Via Torino 155, Venezia-Mestre (VE), 30172, Italy
  • 12 Helmholtz-Zentrum Geesthacht (HZG), Centre for Materials and Coastal Research, Geesthacht, Germany
  • 13 Geosciences Environnement Toulouse, CNRS/IRD/Universite Paul Sabatier, Toulouse, France
  • 14 Climate Research Division, ASTD/STB, Environment and Climate Change Canada (ECCC), Toronto, Canada
  • 15 Arctic Space Centre, Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Helsinki, Finland
  • 16 Section Glaciology, Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), Bremerhaven, Germany
  • 17 Department for Geoscience, University of Bremen, Bremen, Germany
  • 18 Environmental Radioactivity Laboratory, Institute of Nuclear and Radiological Science and Technology Energy and Safety, Ncsr Demokritos, Athens, Greece
  • 19 Faculty of Geography, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 20 Department of Environmental Science and Analytical Chemistry, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 21 University Grenoble Alpes, Cnrs, Ird, Grenoble Inp, Ige, Grenoble, 38000, France
  • 22 Institute of Northern Environmental Problems (INEP), Kola Science Center (KSC), Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), Apatity, Murmansk region, Russian Federation
  • 23 Skobeltsyn Institute of Nuclear Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
  • 24 Institute of Polar Sciences, National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Monterotondo (RM), Italy
  • 25 Institute of Atmospheric Pollution Research, National Research Council of Italy (CNR), Sesto Fiorentino (FI), Italy
  • 26 Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 27 Department of Environmental Sciences, Ca' Foscari University of Venice, Informatics and Statistics, Via Torino 155, Mestre, Venice, 30172, Italy
  • 28 Institute of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences, Estonian University of Life Sciences, Tartu, Estonia
  • 29 Department of Experimental Aerosol and Cloud Microphysics, Leibniz Institute for Tropospheric Research, Leipzig, Germany
  • 30 Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN), Lab. of Smart Technologies for Sustainable Development of Urban Environment under Global Changes, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 31 Institut Mediterraneen de Biodiversite et d'Ecologie Marine et Continentale (IMBE), Aix-Marseille Université-Avignon Université-CNRS-IRD, Marseille, France
Ключевые слова
atmospheric pollution; concentration (composition); heavy metal; persistent organic pollutant; polar region; pollutant transport; regional climate; satellite data; source apportionment; trend analysis
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