Rearrangement in the local, electronic and crystal structure of europium titanates under reduction and oxidation

We studied powder samples of europium titanates Eu1−x2+Eux3+TiO3+x/2 prepared by sol-gel and coprecipitation methods with subsequent thermal treatment of precursors at different conditions (reducing or oxidizing atmosphere, temperature, exposure time). We have revealed a radical rearrangement in the local, electronic and crystal structure of europium titanates depending on synthesis conditions. The combination of synchrotron X-ray diffraction (s-XRD), X-ray absorption (XANES and EXAFS), infrared and Raman spectroscopies supplemented by photoluminescence and simultaneous thermal analysis was used in our study. It is shown that the combined XANES and thermogravimetric analysis gives clear evidence of a change in the oxidation state of europium cations from Eu2+ to Eu3+. The comparison of s-XRD, XANES, and EXAFS data allowed us to explain the local structure rearrangement during the phase transition from cubic perovskite Eu2+TiO3 (space group Pm3¯m) to pyrochlore phase Eu23+Ti2O7 (space group Fd3¯m) through intermediate layered perovskite Eu23+Ti2O7 with monoclinic structure (space group P21) under annealing in oxidizing atmosphere. The Raman spectroscopy study pointed to significant changes in the local structure of the anionic sublattice upon the observed phase transitions. The analysis of luminescence spectra has shown that Eu3+ cations occupy positions with low local site symmetry in all synthesized compounds regardless of the type of the crystal structure. © 2020 Elsevier B.V.

Popov V.V. 1, 2 , Menushenkov A.P. 1 , Molokova A.Y.1 , Ivanov A.A.1 , Rudakov S.G.1 , Boyko N.V.1 , Yastrebtsev A.A. 1 , Khramov E.V. 2 , Svetogorov R.D. 2 , Kurilkin V.V. 3 , Murzin V.Y.4, 5 , Kalinko A.B.4 , Ponkratov K.V.6 , Tsarenko N.A. 7 , Shchetinin I.V.8
Elsevier Ltd
  • 1 National Research Nuclear University MEPhI (Moscow Engineering Physics Institute), Moscow, 115409, Russian Federation
  • 2 National Research Center Kurchatov Institute, Moscow, 123182, Russian Federation
  • 3 Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN), Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 4 DESY, PETRA III, P64 Beamline, Hamburg, 22607, Germany
  • 5 Bergische Universität Wuppertal, Gaußstraße 20, Wuppertal, 42119, Germany
  • 6 Renishaw Plc, Moscow, 115477, Russian Federation
  • 7 JSC Scientific Research Institute of Chemical Engineering, Moscow, 115409, Russian Federation
  • 8 National University of Science and Technology MISiS, Moscow, 119049, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Europium titanates; IR and Raman spectroscopy; Luminescence; Phase transitions; X-ray diffraction; XAFS
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