Apoptotic endonuclease EndoG inhibits telomerase activity and induces malignant transformation of human CD4+ T cells

Telomerase activity is regulated by an alternative splicing of mRNA of the telomerase catalytic subunit hTERT (human telomerase reverse transcriptase). Increased expression of the inactive spliced hTERT results in inhibition of telomerase activity. Little is known about the mechanism of hTERT mRNA alternative splicing. This study was aimed at determining the effect of an apoptotic endonuclease G (EndoG) on alternative splicing of hTERT and telomerase activity in CD4+ human T lymphocytes. Overexpression of EndoG in CD4+ T cells downregulated the expression of the active fulllength hTERT variant and upregulated the inactive alternatively spliced variant. Reduction of full-length hTERT levels caused downregulation of the telomerase activity, critical telomere shortening during cell division that converted cells into the replicative senescence state, activation of apoptosis, and finally cell death. Some cells survive and undergo a malignant transformation. Transformed cells feature increased telomerase activity and proliferative potential compared to the original CD4+ T cells. These cells have phenotype of T lymphoblastic leukemia cells and can form tumors and cause death in experimental mice. © 2017, Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.

Авторы
Vasina D.A. 1 , Zhdanov D.D. 1, 2 , Orlova E.V.3 , Orlova V.S. 1 , Pokrovskaya M.V.2 , Aleksandrova S.S.2 , Sokolov N.N.2
Журнал
Номер выпуска
1
Язык
Английский
Страницы
24-37
Статус
Опубликовано
Том
82
Год
2017
Организации
  • 1 Ecological Faculty, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 2 Institute of Biomedical Chemistry, Moscow, 119121, Russian Federation
  • 3 Institute of Theoretical and Experimental Biophysics, Pushchino, Moscow Region, 142290, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
alternative splicing; EndoG; hTERT; malignant transformation; telomerase
Дата создания
19.10.2018
Дата изменения
19.10.2018
Постоянная ссылка
https://repository.rudn.ru/ru/records/article/record/6164/