MODERN LANGUAGE POLICY OF THE EUROPEAN UNION AND THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS
A comparative analysis of the European language policy of multilingualism and its analogue in the Russian Federation is carried out using a systematic approach to the study of the regulatory framework and practical implementation. As a result, common features and obvious differences inherent in these political entities were identified. In the modern world, in the context of globalization in all spheres of human activity, language policy in the state or supranational education is closely related to political and economic trends and events. Consequently, it occupies an increasingly prominent place at all levels of political thought, from theoretical generalization to applied analysis. The objective complexity in the conduct of language policy is connected with the contradiction inherent in the main function of the language: language is primarily a way of communication, but at the same time, the main sign of national identity. As a result, language can act not only as a means to bring people together within the framework of a social subject, but also cause social and linguistic disunity, up to and as including discrimination based on language. Language policy as a set of measures taken by the state, class, party, ethnic group to change or maintain the existing functional distribution of language formations, to introduce new ones and to preserve the used language norms, is the subject of wide discussion. In the Russian Federation, the preservation of regional languages is an important area of language policy. Support for regional languages in the Russian Federation is provided through educational institutions and cultural events aimed at the study of national values.