The multicomponent structure of the organization of production of greenhouse vegetables involves a comprehensive study of the production technologies used, the corresponding means of production, taking into account the characteristics of the cultivated crop. Aim. The goal is to explore innovative ways to protect cucumber culture, aimed at controlling pests, mostly protected soil, using modern biological preparations and carnivorous insects. Research tasks. The objectives of the study are to study the characteristics of pests of cucumber culture in greenhouse conditions, to identify the features of biological methods of plant protection in greenhouse conditions, including biological preparations and entomophages. Object. The object of research is the biological methods of plant protection used in greenhouse conditions on cucumber culture. Methods. The study used the methods of comparative analysis and synthesis, the method of expert assessments and general scientific methods.