The common eland (Taurotragus oryx) is an antelope species native to Africa. It can be found mainly in southern and eastern parts of the continent in lightly forested areas and grass lands. Elands exhibit crepuscular behaviour. They can be identified by its tan coloured coat with spiral horns. Females can stand up to 1.2 meters tall and weigh up to 450 kg; males can weigh up to 900 kg. Females reach sexual maturity around 2.5 years of age while males reach sexual maturity at 4 years of age. Gestation lasts 271 ± 2.9 days, and eland carry a single calf per pregnancy. This species can live up to 25 years. It has morphological adaptions, what enables them to feed on low quality fibre roughage for the period of about two weeks. Eland can subsist without water, except that obtained from its daily browsing of leaves. This adaptation makes elands capable to browse on larger areas than cattle. Eland has the potential to adapt to winter housing conditions in temperate climatic zones with inside temperatures above 0 °C. Meat of eland compared to beef was found darker and less yellowish. It has higher value of pH, lower contents of intramuscular fat and total collagen. Edible offal can represent varied range of nutritiously attractive foods in developing countries. Eland has been recommended as candidate for domestication by the FAO. Advantages to their domestication are low water requirements, large frame, high milk yield and relatively calmer nature then some other antelope species.
Инновационные разработки для развития отраслей сельского хозяйства региона.
Федеральное государственное бюджетное научное учреждение «Калужский научно-исследовательский институт сельского хозяйства».