Fungal and Bacterial Respiration in Urban Technosols vs. Natural Soils

Fungi and bacteria are the main decomposers of soil organic matter, however, in urban Technosols their role is still poorly understood. The respiration of active and potential active parts of fungi and bacteria was assessed for Technosols of Russian cities (Sergiev-Posad, Moscow, Kursk) compared to the undisturbed natural analogues (Retisols and Chernozems). The technique of determination of fungi and bacteria respiration applying selective antibiotics was adjusted for urban Technosols. The bactericide (streptomycin) applied for respiration inhibition in the Technosols should be added in the concentration by several thousand fold less (0.0005–0.3 mg g −1 ) than for the references (4–15 mg g −1 ). Such specific feature related to neutral and alkaline pH properties of urban soils (7.0–7.9). The fungi-to-bacteria ratio was found to be 1.4, 3.2 and 3.4 for Technosols of SergievPosad, Moscow and Kursk, respectively, and 3.4–3.9 for the references. In Technosols of Sergiev-Posad and Kursk the fungi and bacteria respiration after adding easily available nutrient substrate (glucose) decreased by 1.3–6.8 times compared to natural analogues. The differences in averaged fungal respiration between urban and natural soils were more explicit than for bacterial. Consequently, urbanization influences on the fungi and bacteria functioning related to soil organic matter decomposition: in urban soils it was significantly deteriorated. © 2020, Springer Nature Switzerland AG.

Авторы
Ivashchenko K. 1, 2 , Ananyeva N. 1 , Sushko S.1 , Paltseva A. 2, 3, 4 , Seleznyova A.5 , Plushchikov V. 2 , Kudeyarov V.1
Редакторы
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Сборник статей
Издательство
Springer
Номер выпуска
-
Язык
Английский
Страницы
88-99
Статус
Опубликовано
Подразделение
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Ссылка
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Номер
-
Том
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Год
2020
Организации
  • 1 Institute of Physicochemical and Biological Problems in Soil Science, RAS, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation
  • 2 Agrarian-Technological Institute, Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 3 Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences, Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, Brooklyn, NY, United States
  • 4 Earth and Environmental Sciences, The Graduate Center of the City University of New York, New York, NY, United States
  • 5 Pushchino State Institute of Natural Science, Pushchino, Moscow Region, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
Bacterial respiration; Chernozems; Fungal respiration; Retisols; Soil; Technosols; Urban
Дата создания
10.02.2020
Дата изменения
10.02.2020
Постоянная ссылка
https://repository.rudn.ru/ru/records/article/record/56628/