Arbuscular mycorrhiza enhances rhizodeposition and reduces the rhizosphere priming effect on the decomposition of soil organic matter

Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) represent an important route for plant carbon (C) inputs into the soil. Nonetheless, the C input via AMF as well as its impact on soil organic matter (SOM) stabilization and C sequestration remains largely unknown. A mycorrhizal wild type progenitor (MYC) and its mycorrhiza defective mutant (reduced mycorrhizal colonization: rmc) of tomato were continuously labeled with 13CO2 to trace root C inputs into the soil and quantify rhizosphere priming effects (RPE) as affected by AMF symbiosis and N fertilization. Mycorrhizal abundance and 13C incorporation into shoots, roots, soil and CO2 were measured at 8, 12 and 16 weeks after transplanting. AMF symbiosis decreased the relative C allocation (% of total assimilated C) to roots, in turn increased the net rhizodeposition. Positive RPE was recorded for both MYC and rmc plants, ranging from 16–71% and 25–101% of the unplanted control, respectively. Although net rhizodeposition was higher for MYC than rmc plants 16 weeks after transplanting, the RPE was comparatively lower. This indicated a higher potential for C sequestration by plants colonized with AMF (MYC) because the reduced nutrient availability restricts the activity of free-living decomposers. Although N fertilization decreased the relative C allocation to roots, rhizosphere and bulk soil, it had no effect on the absolute amount of rhizodeposition to the soil. The RPE and N-cycling enzyme activities decreased by N fertilization 8 and 12 weeks after transplanting, suggesting a lower microbial N demand from SOM mining. The positive relationship between enzyme activities involved in C cycling, microbial biomass C and SOM decomposition underlines the microbial activation hypothesis, which explains the RPE. We therefore concluded that AMF symbiosis and N fertilization increase C sequestration in soil not only by increasing root C inputs, but also by lowering native SOM decomposition and RPE. © 2019 Elsevier Ltd

Zhou J.1 , Zang H.2, 3 , Loeppmann S.1, 7 , Gube M.3 , Kuzyakov Y. 3, 5, 6 , Pausch J.4
Elsevier Ltd
  • 1 Biogeochemistry of Agroecosystems, Department of Crop Science, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
  • 2 College of Agronomy and Biotechnology, China Agricultural University, Beijing, China
  • 3 Department of Soil Science of Temperate Ecosystems, Department of Agricultural Soil Science, Georg August University of Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
  • 4 Agroecology, University of Bayreuth, Bayreuth, Germany
  • 5 Institute of Environmental Sciences, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, 420049, Russian Federation
  • 6 Agro-Technological Institute, RUDN University, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 7 Institute of Plant Nutrition and Soil Science, Christian-Albrechts University Kiel, Germany
Ключевые слова
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF); Carbon balance; Continuous labeling; N fertilization; Rhizodeposition; Rhizosphere priming effect (RPE)
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