QUALITY MANAGEMENT IN THE AGRO-INDUSTRIAL COMPLEX ON THE BASIS OF TERRITORIAL-SECTORAL PLACEMENT AND SCIENTIFIC & TECHNICAL DEVELOPMENT
The article seeks the goal of studying the modern experience of quality management in the AIC in view of the distinguished categories of countries and approaches and developing a scientific concept of quality management in the AIC according to the regulation approach, which allows for high level of national food security. For studying the modern experience of quality management in the AIC the author uses the method of regression analysis, and the resulting variable is the index "Quality and safety", which is calculated within the Global Food Security Index. Also, analysis of variation and correlation and scenario analysis are performed. It is determined that countries that do not specialize in the AIC (e.g., Singapore, Ireland, the UK, and the USA) use the deregulation approach to managing the quality of products in the AIC. Though in 2018 there was high quality of the AIC products in these countries, the deregulation approach does not allow guaranteeing preservation of the achieved quality in the long-term. In countries that specialize in the AIC (e.g., Albania, Republic of Moldova, North Macedonia, and Montenegro) use the regulation approach, which ensures high manageability of quality of products in the AIC. However, the level of quality of these products in 2018 was low. It is substantiated that the optimal scenario is the one envisaging the systemic quality management in the AIC on the basis of the territorial-sectoral placement and scientific& technical development. For the most effective practical implementation of the regulation approach in the countries of the both categories, a scientific concept of quality management in the AIC on the basis of territorial-sectoral placement and scientific& technical development, which allows ensuring high level of national food security, was developed.