Arrangement and technological solutions for construction of quick-assembling single-storey houses
Quick-assembling single-storey houses are one of the possible design solutions if we want to get ready-made houses in short time. It is especially important in locations where new factories and plants, fields of the fossil fuels extraction are developed, various catastrophes occurred and there is a necessity to carry out recovery works. However, the spread of quick-assembling single-storey houses slows down because of design, arrangement and technological complications, which should be settled comprehensively. The aim of the research work is to provide competiveness of such houses by improving their manufacturing level, which includes design, arrangement and technological solutions, reducing price and time of getting ready-made houses. The manufacturing level is determined by labor input, time and cost parameters. The research results show that the design solution, improving manufacturing level, is the use of prefabricated flat packets of sandwich-panels, which transform into design position during the assembling process due to transformable joints. The transportation of the flat packets can be carried out if their size allows transporting them by road transport. The arrangement and technological sustainability of the construction system includes the following stages: selection of separate arrangement and technological conditions of the system; determination of groups of arrangement, technological and economic factors, which influence on sustainability of each condition of the construction system, determination of rational spheres of influence of arrangement and technological factors on cost of the transformable houses. The developed solutions can reduce cost and time of the assembling process and improve manufacturing level of single-storey houses.