AIM: To improve the results of surgical treatment of benign prostatic hyperplasia.MATERIALS AND METHODS: The study investigated the effectiveness of a comprehensive preoperative preparation of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. The clinical efficacy of traditional methods of preoperative preparation (compression bandaging of the lower extremities during surgery and in the postoperative period and Fraxiparine at a prophylactic dose) was compared with the same preoperative protocol used in combination with intravenous laser blood irradiation. The explored parameters included changes in clinical and laboratory coagulation indices and prostatic blood flow measured by Doppler sonography. The real time visualization was used to assess the effect of intravenous laser irradiation of blood on the morphofunctional state of platelets.CONCLUSION: The study findings showed a high effectiveness of intravenous laser blood irradiation in preoperative preparation of patients with benign prostatic hyperplasia. It was found to reduce the incidence of thrombotic events by 6% and hemorrhagic complications by 4.9% (p<0.05).