Comparative analysis and the coverage intervals of hair rare metal content in two Russian industrial centres

The existing data provide information on hair essential and toxic trace element content, whereas data on ultra-trace and rare elements are scarce. Therefore, the primary aim of the current study was to estimate hair levels and reference values of hair rare metal content using IUPAC recommendations in 2593 occupationally non-exposed adults living in Moscow and Novosibirsk (1900 women and 693 men). Hair Ag, Au, Ga, Ge, La, Rb, Tl, W and Zr content was assessed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry with NexION 300D. Women were characterised by significantly higher hair Ag and Au levels than men, whereas men had increased La, Rb, Tl, W and Zr content as compared to women. Moscow inhabitants were characterised by significantly higher hair Au and Ge, and lower hair Ga, La, Rb, Tl, W and Zr content as compared to the ones from Novosibirsk. The coverage intervals of Ag, Au, Ga, Ge, La, Rb, Tl, W and Zr content in hair of the general sample of examinees calculated in accordance with IUPAC recommendations were 0.0278–0.2994, 0.0159–0.1812, 0.0062–0.0348, 0.0022–0.0066, 0.0023–0.0205, 0.0226–0.2083, 0.0002–0.0008, 0.0022–0.0120 and 0.0389–0.3521 μg/g, respectively. The obtained data indicate that both gender and geographical location affect hair rare metal content in adults. © 2017 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.

Skalny A.V. 1, 2, 3, 4 , Skalnaya M.G. 1 , Grabeklis A.R. 1, 2 , Berezkina E.S. 4 , Serebryansky E.P.4 , Demidov V.A.4 , Lobanova Y.N.4 , Gryazeva I.V.4 , Skalny A.A. 1, 4 , Skalnaya O.A.5 , Tinkov A.A. 1, 2, 6
Taylor and Francis Ltd.
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  • 1 Department of Medical Elementology, RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 2 Laboratory of Biotechnology and Applied Bioelementology, Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, Russian Federation
  • 3 Institute of Bioelementology (Russian Satellite Centre of Trace Element–Institute for UNESCO), Orenburg State University, Orenburg, Russian Federation
  • 4 Russian Society of Trace Elements in Medicine, ANO “Centre for Biotic Medicine”, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 5 Business Administration, No. 1, Section 4, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 6 Department of Biochemistry, Orenburg State Medical University, Orenburg, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
adult population; Hair analysis; inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry; metals; reference values
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