Bacterial community succession in paddy soil depending on rice fertilization

Understanding microbial community succession is key to uncover the mechanisms driving variation in soil fertility under rice cultivation. To evaluate microbial community divergence along paddy soils after 9, 15 and 25 years of cultivation with and without intensive fertilization, 16S rRNA gene high throughput sequencing and network co-occurrence analysis were used. Except for the initial barren soil, three different fertilization treatments were applied to rice planted soil: control (CK, without fertilization), NPK (N + P + K), and NPKM (NPK plus manure). Fertilization increased the difference of microbial species abundance between rice paddy soil and the initial barren soil reflecting higher C input by roots under fertilization. The bacterial communities after 9 and 15 years of rice cultivation clustered together and differed from those in barren soil and after 25 years of rice cultivation. Oligotrophic bacterial groups in the fertilized soil were gradually substituted with copiotrophic microorganisms during rice cultivation. The redundancy analysis indicated that the divergence in the microbial community structure during rice cultivation increased with soil organic C and total N. The network co-occurrence analysis showed that microbial network in NPKM soil contained the largest ratio of positive to negative links, whereas the CK network contained the smallest. Hence, fertilization and its duration control the distribution of keystone species and the nature of the links established between them. © 2019 Elsevier B.V.

Li W.1, 2 , Liu M.1, 2 , Wu M.1 , Jiang C.1 , Kuzyakov Y. 3, 4, 5 , Gavrichkova O. 5, 6 , Feng Y.1, 2 , Dong Y.1, 2 , Li Z.1, 2
Elsevier B.V.
  • 1 State Key Laboratory of Soil and Sustainable Agriculture, Institute of Soil Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, No. 71, East Beijing Road, P.O. Box 821, Nanjing, 210008, China
  • 2 University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing, 100049, China
  • 3 Department of Soil Science of Temperate Ecosystems, Department of Agricultural Soil Science, University of Gottingen, Gottingen, Germany
  • 4 Institute of Environmental Sciences, Kazan Federal University, Kazan, 420049, Russian Federation
  • 5 Agro-Technology Institute, RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 6 Institute of Agroenvironmental and Forest Biology, National research Council, Porano, 01050, Italy
Ключевые слова
16S rRNA gene; Long-term experiment; Network analysis; Paddy rice cultivation; Phylotype co-occurrence
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