If one compares the works of Guy de Maupassant and Bunin I.A., he or she will find that these two writers are related by a subject matter. In particular, attention is drawn to the description of relationship between men and women. It is essential that Russian writer's attitude toward the works of his French colleague-predecessor – a bright representative of European realism of the XIX century – changes as he develops in creativity. Textual analysis of similar (by plot) works of Maupassant and Bunin was carried out on the back of the experience of many writers, who have studied the legacy of both classics. Bunin is proved to be modernizing the realistic poetics and going a way of neo-realism – realism, enriched by the influence of modernism. © AesthetixMS 2016.