Information Metaphors and Classification of Information Sciences
The paper considers the methodological basis for information sciences including terminological base and the issue of defining the notion of information. Both the problem of classifying information sciences and the analysis of metaphorical understanding of the notion of information in evolutionary biophysics, often referred to as “bioinformatics”, are studied. The analysis is essential for the classification of information sciences based on the initial (functional cybernetic) and metaphorical view of information. Theoretical bases which can be common for all information sciences are dwelt upon.