Parameters reflecting oxidative stress (OS) have been studied in 37 patients with alcoholic liver disease (ALD) during admission to the hospital and 2 weeks after the beginning of therapy. The patients were divided into 3 groups: alcoholic hepatitis (AH), alcoholic cirrhosis with hepatic insufficiency (the group C by the Child-Paquet scale) and terminal stage patients (subsequently died). All patients were characterized by a significant increase in plasma products of lipid peroxidation (conjugated diene and malondialdehyde) and a decrease of the ceruloplasmin level. The coefficient C OS significantly exceeded normal values both on admission and after the 2-week course of traditional therapy. This suggests an important role of the OS with ALD. © 2014 Pleiades Publishing, Ltd.