In 2011 and 2013 the Russian Federation has become a State party to two important international treaties on the protection of human rights of children - Convention on the Civil Aspects of International Child Abduction of 1980 and Hague Child Protection Convention of 1996. Considering the social significance of these conventions, there is a practical need in the elaboration of the procedure of their application by the state organs as well as the organisation of knowledge-raising campaign aimed at disseminating the information on the provisions of the conventions among the population of the Russian Federation. Due to the lack of experience in the area of application of the Hague convention of 1996 in the Russian Federation it seems actual to examine the practice of its application in other State parties, in particular Germany, Great Britain and Finland. The article analyses the practical realisation of Convention in the indicated States and determines the areas where this experience may be valuable for the Russian Federation with a view to ascertaining the most effective ways to implement this Convention and elaborating its own approaches in this area. © 2015, Canadian Center of Science and Education. All rights reserved.