This article is devoted to studying the experience of the technological transfer in the nuclear power industry through the example of three countries: France, China and South Korea. The main goal of this article is to find the key regularities that provided these countries with the technological breakthrough in the area of reclaiming the potential of the "peaceful atom." The following basic conclusions have been made within researching the theme of the article: • The nuclear power industry can be considered as an objective alternative of the traditional (hydrocarbon) power industry if technologies of exploiting nuclear power stations constantly develop and can be characterized by safety and stability of exploitation, • Technological transfer is a key factor of the nuclear power industry development. The use of the technological transfer allows the recipient countries to quickly develop the infrastructure of the nuclear power industry and form their own scientific engineering potential, and the delivering countries get direct economic advantages, • The experience of South Korea, China and France showed that the most optimal approach to the nuclear power industry development on the basis of technological transfer is based on subsequent use of two strategies. Initially the transfer strategy is used. Within it the recipient country uses foreign scientific engineering and technological achievements, and along with it creates its own production and scientific engineering infrastructure, and • The accumulation strategy allows the countries that used to be recipients to develop their own nuclear technologies on the basis of the accumulated experience and to clone them abroad (in those countries that have not created their own nuclear power industry by now).