Forgotten paradigms of linguistics: G.P. Melnikov's systemology
The article unveils the explanatory and prognostic potential of the linguistic conception created by the founder of modern system linguistics G.P. Mel'nikov in the fields of philological (and, in a broader sense - humanitarian) knowledge in which the scientist himself did not work, from semiotics of culture to culture of speech. The unknown to scientific community samples of interpreting language facts manifesting themselves in very different forms, are integrated into the general context of G. P. Mel'nikov's theory; thus the authors actualize the universal character of Mel'nikov' ideas which allows to switch the vector of development of many linguistic sciences from descriptive (including traditionally descriptive) to explanatory.