INTERDISCIPLINARY RESEARCH OF PERSONALITY OF A CORRUPTED CRIMINAL
Despite the wide range of measures aimed at combating corruption, the level of corruption in Russia is steadily increasing. It should be noted that corruption is well-known to most legal systems, but the effectiveness of measures to combat it in different jurisdictions may depend on the approaches used. We should not forget that corruption as a phenomenon cannot be considered in isolation from the public consciousness, from its formation in a particular social environment. Thus, an essential aspect of the fight against corruption is the study of the identity of the corrupt official, and the conditions for its formation. Unfortunately, in Russia, many aspects of the identity of a corrupted official are still not sufficiently investigated: more attention is paid to forensic and not criminological characteristics. At the same time, large-scale interdisciplinary research on this issue is carried out abroad; not only criminologists are involved in this kind of research, but also sociologists, political scientists and economists. This article provides examples of such successful research and raises the question of the possibility of using these techniques in the Russian Federation. The problems of studying the identity of a criminal by domestic criminologists are indicated. The goal is achieved by solving the following tasks: - To investigate the level of corruption in the Russian Federation and measures to combat it, applied at the federal level; - To explore the main approaches to the study of the identity of the offender, used in the Russian Federation; - To explore interdisciplinary approaches used abroad to study the identity of the offender; - To develop a number of recommendations on introducing foreign techniques in the Russian Federation The methodological basis of the study consists of such general scientific methods as the dialectical, systemic method of research, analysis, synthesis, induction, deduction, analogy, and others, as well as such private-scientific methods as historical and legal, comparative-legal, formal-legal, structural and -functional, statistical. In their work on the topic, the authors relied on the results of research by Russian and foreign lawyers, sociologists, political scientists and economists in this field of study. The results of the study can be used in determining the optimal goals and objectives of legal influence on society, law enforcement, research activities, as well as in teaching, in particular, during lectures and seminars on the courses of the criminal law of Russia and criminal law of foreign countries and Criminology.