Nonviolent ethical theories and practices had significant impact on the humanization of society, since along with the main component – a peaceful struggle for national and civil rights – the ideas of introducing a humanistic paradigm into the socio-political process were an integral part of them. The article analyses the essence and origins of the moral-ethical views of M.K. Gandhi, the main provisions of his moral-ethical concept and principle of nonviolence, the influence of L.N. Tolstoy‟s creativity and non-resistance-to-evil philosophy on the formation of M.K. Gandhi‟s moral-ethical views. The study emphasizes that religion was at the centre of M.K. Gandhi‟s moral-ethical concept. © 2019, Ecozone, OAIMDD. All rights reserved.