Carnosine prevents the development of oxidative stress under the conditions of toxic action of cadmium

Protective effect of the natural dipeptide carnosine on the antioxidant system of rats under conditions of oxidative stress caused by chronic cadmium administration was investigated. Oxidative status of experimental animals were evaluated based on a number of informative parameters of iron-induced chemiluminescence. It was shown that the introduction of cadmium for 7 days reduces the duration of the latent period of chemiluminescence in the brain, liver, and blood plasma suggesting the depletion of endogenous antioxidant defense. Coexposure to carnosine and cadmium led to significant increase in the level of antioxidant protection in plasma, liver, and brain of animals. Carnosine also prevented the increase of lipid hydroperoxides in the brain and prevented the development of lipid peroxidation content in liver and plasma of animals. Mechanism of the protective effect of carnosine under conditions of oxidative stress induced by cadmium administration was shown on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cell culture. Addition of the cadmium to the incubation medium to a final concentration of 5 μM reduced cell viability of a culture, as was determined by MTT assay; simultaneous addition of carnosine (0.25 mM final concentration) with cadmium resulted in increased cell viability during 24 hours of incubation. Thus, carnosine in a final concentration of 1 mM effectively prevented the development of necrotic lesions of neuroblastoma cells, inhibiting the formation of reactive oxygen species as measured by flow cytometry. The results indicate the ability of carnosine to prevent the development of oxidative stress under the toxic action of cadmium. © 2016, Allerton Press, Inc.

Kulikova O.I. 1, 2 , Fedorova T.N.1 , Stvolinsky S.L.1 , Orlova V.S. 2 , Inozemtsev A.N.3
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  • 1 Research Center of Neurology, Moscow, 125367, Russian Federation
  • 2 Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 3 Department of Biology, Moscow State University, Moscow, 119234, Russian Federation
Ключевые слова
cadmium; carnosine; cell death; human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y; iron-induced chemiluminescence; oxidative stress; ROS; viability; Wistar rats
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