Amyloid-β induced cell death is independent of free radicals
Acutely dissociated rat cerebellar granule cell neurons were incubated with amyloid-β (1-42) and studied by flow cytometry. Amyloid-β caused a dose-dependent loss of viability, as determined by intracellular accumulation of propidium iodide (PI),and that was not accompanied by significant elevation of intracellular calcium, measured by Fluo-3 or reactive oxygen species (ROS), measured by 2',7'-dihydro-dichlorfluorescein diacetate (DCF). Carnosine, a ROS scavenger and an inhibitor of non-enzymatic glycosylation, partially reduced cell death caused by amyloid-β. We conclude that amyloid-β causes a relatively acute loss of cell viability in cerebellar granule cell neurons, which does not result from either elevation of intracellular calcium concentration or generation of ROS.