Comparative analysis of intra- and postoperative complications of retroperitoneoscopic and laparoscopic nephrectomy for large tumors
The objective is to perform comparative analysis of intra- and postoperative complications of retroperitoneoscopic radical nephrectomy (RRN) and laparoscopic radical nephrectomy (LRN) for large tumors. Materials and methods. The study includes examination and treatment data for 108 patients with stage T1-3a renal cell carcinoma. Results and conclusion. A number of advantages of RRN compared to LRN were demonstrated associated with shorter surgery duration with fast processing of the renal pedicle, lower blood loss, lower use of analgesics in the postoperative period, shorter duration of hospitalization, and quick recovery after the surgery. The rate of intra- and postoperative complications for RRN was 19.2 and 17.3 %, for LRN - 33.9 and 37.5 %, respectively. Complications associated with abdominal organs were absent for RRN. After LRN, the rate of serious complications was significantly higher than after RRN.