The accession of Romania and Bulgaria to the European Union represents an important moment in the extension of Western European democracy to the Black Sea region - a meeting point of the European, Euro-Asian and Islamic security areas. The aim of this paper is to present an analytical evolution of the EU policies towards the post Soviet countries from the Black Sea region. The objectives of this paper are: to describe the Eastern Dimension of the European Union's Policy, in order to understand the role of the EU in the region; to analyze the policy of the Russian Federation and its influence in the post-Soviet space; and to present the role that Turkey plays in the region. The Eastern Partnership has sent a positive signal with the aim of changing the climate and supporting the rapprochement of eastern countries to the European Union. From the perspective of this research, geopolitics is used to analyze the policy of the EU towards the post Soviet countries from the Black Sea region. This article analyses the background on which the EU has developed its eastern oriented policies, their evolution, the current situation and future perspective, also taking into consideration the situation between Ukraine and the Russian Federation, but also the positioning of Turkey. The main conclusion of this article is that the Black Sea region has gained a great importance not only for the EU but also for other non-EU countries from this region, but especially for the Russian Federation. Key words: EU, Russia, Eastern Europe, Black Sea region, European Neighbourhood Policy. © 2018 Editura Universitaria Craiova.