Prevotella rara sp. nov., isolated from human faeces
A strain of obligately anaerobic, Gram-stain-negative rods was isolated from human faeces and characterized both phenotypically and genotypically. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene and whole-genome sequences revealed the strain to represent a member of the genus Prevotella, distant from the species with validly published names, with the closest relationship to Prevotella oryzae. The strain was moderately saccharolytic and proteolytic. The predominant menaquinones were MK-13 and MK-12. The major cellular long-chain fatty acids were anteiso-C15 : 0 and iso-C15 : 0. The genomic DNA G+C content was 45.7 mol%. On the basis of chemotaxonomic and genotypic properties, it was concluded that the strain represent a novel species within the genus Prevotella, for which the name Prevotellarara sp. nov. is proposed. The type strain of Prevotellarara is 109T (=VKM B-2992T=DSM 105141T).