Analysis of recent publications describing the situation with fiber-reinforced plastic rebar is contained in the paper. The available types of composite reinforcement have a number of advantages, but also have significant drawbacks. New technical developments and fresh ideas, born thanks to the integration of sciences, make it possible to begin the creation of a technology for the production of fundamentally new types of rebar based on an inorganic (mineral) binder. New rebar will be tough and resistant to fire and high temperatures. © The Authors, published by EDP Sciences, 2018.