Determination of corruption-related crimes in health care system
The article studies determination of corruption-related crimes in health care system. Authors state that health care has become one of three most corrupted spheres recently. Despite the fact that during last four years there has been two-fold increase of federal budget expenditures on health care the quality of medical treatment has not improved. Health care budget funds are often spent for purposes other than that intended and citizens have to pay for those medical services that have to be free of charge. Authors analysed official statistics on corruption in health care system (statistics from General Prosecutor Office, Investigation Committee, Supreme Court of the Russian Federation) along with data received from Russian Public Opinion Research Center. The article defines reasons and conditions of corruption-related crimes committed in health care system. Authors analyse general circumstances that provoke the crimes in question. Those are negative aspects of changes in economical and socio political systems of Russian society; ideological and social psychologic factors; organizational reasons and circumstances; problems in law-enforcement agencies' activity; lacks of legislation regulations. The article provides with characteristics of circumstances that directly conduce corrution-related crimes in health care system. Authors study main reasons for corruption crime latency in health care. Special attention is paid to features of victimity and victimization of analysed crimes' victims. Authors give some practical recommendations that constitute methodological support for preventing corruption crimes in health care system.