In the above article authors analyze laws or Russian Federation on rendering legal aid and regulation such activity, especially questions of lawyer status acquisition. Differences between the lawyer and jurist are described, in detail jurisdiction, status and other questions are discussed. Connection between bar chamber, bar association, law firm, advocate are discussed. Questions of legal profession self regulation are discussed, authors presents opinion on the need of current law change to give more powers and protection to lawyers as well as a need to give more powers to bar associations and law associations and councils. Authors also present the idea of making it necessary for every graduate of law school, willing to have the right to practice law as lawyer to conduct examination in the field of knowledge they are willing to act in. Areas of practice should be licensed to practice in it. One that had not passed appropriate exam should not be allowed to practice law in the above field. © IDOSI Publications, 2013.