MAGNETIC MIRROR TRAP WITH ELECTRON-CYCLOTRON PLASMA HEATING AS A SOURCE OF MULTIPLY CHARGED IONS (REVIEWS).
The physical operating principles of sources of multiply charged ions using electron cyclotron resonance are presented. It is shown that the conditions that must be satisfied for multiple ionization are well matched to the conditions of effective plasma confinement in a magnetic mirror trap when a collision mode of confinement is provided. Plasma stability with hot electrons in the mirror magnetic trap and the mechanisms of plasma heating by high-frequency fields are analyzed. Two sources of multiply charged ions with ECR plasma heating are examined.