Адаптационные реакции студентов из стран Ближнего и Среднего Востока в условиях Московского мегаполиса

Представлены результаты исследований по влиянию факторов внешней среды и экологических условий московского мегаполиса на характер адаптационных реакций студентов первого года обучения, приехавших из стран Ближнего и Среднего Востока, а также студентов Москвы и регионов РФ.

Adaptation responses of students from the Middle and the Middle East in conditions Moscow megalopolis

Arriving for study at thе Peoples'' Friendship University of Russia, students from the Near and Middle East, have to adapt to the new living and environmental conditions in the Moscow megalopolis. Like other biggest cities, the Moscow megalopolis faces not only overpopulation issues, but also an acute problem of environmental pollution. There are hundreds of inorganic and organic chemicals in the air of modern cities. Numerous studies confirm the relationship of various diseases with air pollution. Nevertheless, it should be noted that emissions to the atmosphere are a mixture of different pollutants, and it is not always possible to link a certain disease with a certain pollutant. Diseases can arise as a result of exposure to one or more pollutants. Our study involves 425 practically healthy students (men and women) aged 18 to 22 years, including 140 students from the countries of the Near and Middle East, 144 students from the regions of the Russian Federation and 141 students from Moscow. The character of the adaptive reactions of the students’ organisms was determined using the method of L.H. Garkavi and the colleagues [6]. The research results (Table 1) showed that the groups of Moscow students and students from different regions of the Russian Federation had practically the same number of observations with adverse adaptive reactions - reaction of overactivation, acute stress, chronic stress (RP, OS, ) Of 4.9 ± 1.8% and 6.3 ± 2.0%, respectively (Р≥0,05). Acute stress (OS) was not revealed in Moscow students and students from the regions of the Russian Federation. For students from the Near and Middle East countries, adverse adaptive reactions were observed at 27.2 ± 3.6% (Р≤ 0,01), OS was fixed at 5.7 ± 2.0% (Р≤ 0,05). The obtained data showed that the main reason for unfavorable adaptive reactions among students From the Near and Middle East was the reaction of reactivation 17.8 ± 3.2 (Р≤ 0,01), which, like stress, is the unspecific basis of many pathological diseases. Thus, the conducted studies can serve as a basis for the development of a methodology for the timely identification of adverse adaptive reactions among foreign students arriving to study in the Moscow megalopolis and developing a set of necessary measures aimed at improving the adaptive capacity of foreign students from far abroad.

Закрытое акционерное общество Издательство Радиотехника
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  • 1 Российский университет дружбы народов
Ключевые слова
adaptive reactions; stress; adaptation to the conditions of the megalopolis; students from the countries of the Near and Middle East; адаптационные реакции; стресс; адаптация к условиям мегаполиса; студенты из стран Ближнего и Среднего Востока
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