Prevalence of risk factors of cardiovascular diseases in children and adolescents based on the data from health centers [Распространенность факторов риска развития сердечно-сосудистых заболеваний у детей и подростков по данным центров здоровья]

Objective. To estimate frequency of overweight, obesity, high blood pressure and hypercholesterolemia in children and adolescents - visitors of health centers. Material and methods. In a cross-sectional retrospective study there were analyzed different data: height, weight, arterial pressure, total cholesterol level in blood samples of 70.001 children (36.097 boys) aged 6-17 years from 17 regions of Russia. Overweight and obesity were determined by the WHO's diagnostic criteria, z-score tables of body mass index, taking into account gender and age. Hypercholesterolemia was diagnosed as total cholesterol level > 5,2 mmol/l, high blood pressure as systolic and/or diastolic blood pressure > 95‰ of blood pressure curve in the population with the corresponding age, gender and height. Results. Frequency of overweight, obesity, high blood pressure and hypercholesterolemia were 18.2%, 6.9%, 5.2% and 3.0% in boys and 15.9%, 5.3%, 4.8% and 4.1% in girls. Frequency of hypercholesterolemia exceeded standard values in 17 regions of Russian Federation (3.5%), in Perm Territory (18.8%), Chuvash Republic (6.9%) and Vladimir Region (8.5%). The maximum frequency of overweight and obesity was observed in the Perm Territory - 39.1% and 17.1%. Frequency of high blood pressure exceeded average values in 17 regions of Russian Federation (4.9%) twice - in Voronezh Region (10.6%) and three times in Khanty-Mansyisk-Yugra Region (15.2%). Conclusion. This data confirm the necessity of prevention intensification of cardiovascular disease, life-style modification and food habits in those regions of Russia with high frequency of cardiovascular risk factors in children and adolescents. © 2021 National Academy of Pediatric Science and Innovation. All rights reserved.

Trunina I.I.1, 2 , Bulanova N.A. 3 , Shchelykalina S.P.1 , Ivanov G.G. 4 , Starunova O.A.5
National Academy of Pediatric Science and Innovation
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  • 1 Pirogov Russian National Research Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 2 Bashlyaeva Children's Municipal Clinical Hospital, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 3 Central State Medical Academy, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 4 Russian Peoples' Friendship University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 5 Central Scientific Research Institute, Public Health Organization and Informatization, Moscow, Russian Federation
Children; Health centers; High blood pressure; Hypercholesterolemia; Obesity; Overweight; Risk factors
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