A general asynchronous alternating iterative model is designed, for which convergence is theoretically ensured both under classical spectral radius bound and, then, for a classical class of matrix splittings for (Formula presented.) -matrices. The computational model can be thought of as a two-stage alternating iterative method, which well suits to the well-known Hermitian and skew-Hermitian splitting (HSS) approach, with the particularity here of considering only one inner iteration. Experimental parallel performance comparison is conducted between the generalized minimal residual (GMRES) algorithm, the standard HSS and our asynchronous variant, on both real and complex non-Hermitian linear systems, respectively, arising from convection–diffusion and structural dynamics problems. A significant gain on execution time is observed in both cases. © 2021 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.