Ontogenetic Characteristics of Anxiety of Gymnasts of High Sports Qualification
Aim: We have identified age-related changes in the level of anxiety in athletes involved in rhythmic gymnastics. In this article the need for a differentiated approach of psychological preparation is proved, when planning a training process in different periods of ontogenesis of gymnasts In the rhythmic gymnastics it is a necessity to make a decision on the preparation of a training course. Material and Methods. The present study involved girls engaged in rhythmic gymnastics with high sports qualification at the age of 10-15 years of age: the 1st category included 48 gymnasts, CMS-36, MS-20 (n=104). The control group is represented by girls who do not play sports (n=100). The "anxiety Scale" was used as a method of diagnosing the level of anxiety . The experimental results were subjected to variations and statistical processing." Results. Clear age differences in indicators of Interpersonal anxiety gymnasts were revealed. The maximum values in both the experimental and control groups were recorded at the age of 12-13 years. Throughout puberty the sportswomen of measure of Interpersonal anxiety was higher than in the controls. The level of school anxiety in gymnasts of 10 and 12-15 years is significantly higher in girls of the control group (P<0.01<0.05). The maximum values are recorded in athletes aged 12-13 years old, outside the norm. An increase in the level of self-esteem anxiety in girls engaged in gymnastics was detected at the age of 12-15 years (P<0.05-<0.001); the maximum values of interpersonal anxiety fall on the age of 10 and 12 years (P<0.01 - <0.001). Conclusions. The age at which there is a maximum level of anxiety in gymnasts, high sports skills on all scales, falls on 12-13 years. In all age groups, female athletes have significantly higher anxiety than those in the control group. School and self-esteem anxiety have a clear age dynamic, which is significantly different from that in the control group throughout the studied age boundaries.