The article pays attention to the interaction of literature and folklore. The object of research is the work of Bunin I. A. The subject of the article is the forms and principles of folklorism in the poetics of the writer. Features of the functioning of the folk tradition can be seen in the novel "The Life of Arsenyev", it's the first book of the composition. Much attention is paid to spatial images associated with the mortal theme in the novel. The significance of the system of references to the works of A.S. Pushkin, M.Yu. Lermontov.