PROBLEMS OF SOCIO-CULTURAL AND LINGUISTIC ADAPTATION AND INTEGRATION OF MIGRANT CHILDREN IN THE EDUCATIONAL PROCESS: RUSSIAN AND INTERNATIONAL EXPERIENCE
Currently migration processes, both external and internal, are typical for most European countries. Migration flows to the Russian Federation are also increasing every year. It should be understood that based on long-term demographic, economic and political interests, Russia cannot do without immigrants. The large-scale reduction of the able-bodied population creates a fundamentally new situation in the labor markets of Russia. Therefore, immigration for the country is not a matter of choice, but a matter of necessity. Immigration is becoming an important element in maintaining the potential for economic development, maintaining stability in certain regions, and ensuring national security. Regardless of the strategic choice, one should be prepared for the influx of foreign migrants to increase significantly. In this regard, the country faces the problems of new challenges associated with the influx of people from other societies, other traditions and culture of inter-ethnic interactions. The focus of Russia's migration policy shifts to the socio-cultural sphere: the issues of socialization and language adaptation of immigrants acquire special significance. This is what determines the relevance of this study, the topic of which is of practical importance for the economic, social and cultural aspects of life of the population. As an object of research, the authors consider strategies for developing concepts for short-term and long-term policies and a set of measures aimed at adapting and integrating the children of migrants in various countries of the world and in the entities of the Russian Federation within the framework of migration policy. The aim of the study is to analyze international experience and the current situation in education; to consider the contemporary migration policy of the Russian Federation in the language aspect; to reveal its features; to analyze the existing general laws in the field of migration policy, as well as their implementation in various regional educational projects; to analyze the effectiveness of migration policy in education, and to offer some recommendations on the organization of the educational process aimed at language socialization and cultural integration of migrant children.