Can Omega-3 fatty acids in fish oil, continue to be important in the treatment of cardiovascular diseases?

There has been an enormous increase in ω-6 fatty acid (about 30 g/day) in the diet due to the production of oils from vegetable seeds. Diets with higher ω-6 to ω-3 ratios may contribute to the pathology of metabolic syndrome leading to cardio-metabolic diseases (CMDs) through inflammatory processes and other currently unrecognized mechanisms. Emerging research in animals and human studies indicate that eating excessive amounts of dietary omega-6 fat combined with insufficient amounts of omega-3 fats might be a risk factor for CMDs. However, increased intake of omega-3 fatty acids along with low omega-6, particularly in a prudent dietary pattern may be protective against CMDs. Later studies revealed that omega-3 rich oils such as canola or mustard or fish oil can cause significant decline in mortality and morbidity due to cardiovascular diseases (CVDs). Recent, cohort studies and meta-analysis showed that fish oil which is rich in EPA and DHA failed to cause a significant reduction in mortality due to CVDs. This view point aims to emphasize that a healthy diet rather than single nutrients should be taken into consideration for assessment of their role in the prevention of chronic diseases. © 2018 Nova Science Publishers, Inc.

Number of issue
2
Language
English
Pages
109-115
Status
Published
Volume
10
Year
2018
Organizations
  • 1 Faculty of Veterinary Science, Peoples, Friendship University of Russia, Russian Federation
  • 2 Halberg Hospital and Research Institute, Moradabad, India
  • 3 Department of Pathology and Pathophysiology, People’s Friendship University of Russia, Russian Federation
  • 4 Division of Chronomedicine, Department of Anatomy, People’s Friendship University of Russia, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 5 VA Frolov Department of Pathology and Pathophysiology, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 6 Department of Normal Physiology, RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 7 Faculty of Medicine, Comenius University, Bratislava, Slovakia
Keywords
Indo-Mediterranean diets; Mustard or canola oil; Omega-3 fatty acids
Date of creation
20.04.2021
Date of change
20.04.2021
Short link
https://repository.rudn.ru/en/records/article/record/72926/
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