Global age-sex-specific fertility, mortality, healthy life expectancy (HALE), and population estimates in 204 countries and territories, 1950–2019: a comprehensive demographic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019

Background: Accurate and up-to-date assessment of demographic metrics is crucial for understanding a wide range of social, economic, and public health issues that affect populations worldwide. The Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors Study (GBD) 2019 produced updated and comprehensive demographic assessments of the key indicators of fertility, mortality, migration, and population for 204 countries and territories and selected subnational locations from 1950 to 2019. Methods: 8078 country-years of vital registration and sample registration data, 938 surveys, 349 censuses, and 238 other sources were identified and used to estimate age-specific fertility. Spatiotemporal Gaussian process regression (ST-GPR) was used to generate age-specific fertility rates for 5-year age groups between ages 15 and 49 years. With extensions to age groups 10–14 and 50–54 years, the total fertility rate (TFR) was then aggregated using the estimated age-specific fertility between ages 10 and 54 years. 7417 sources were used for under-5 mortality estimation and 7355 for adult mortality. ST-GPR was used to synthesise data sources after correction for known biases. Adult mortality was measured as the probability of death between ages 15 and 60 years based on vital registration, sample registration, and sibling histories, and was also estimated using ST-GPR. HIV-free life tables were then estimated using estimates of under-5 and adult mortality rates using a relational model life table system created for GBD, which closely tracks observed age-specific mortality rates from complete vital registration when available. Independent estimates of HIV-specific mortality generated by an epidemiological analysis of HIV prevalence surveys and antenatal clinic serosurveillance and other sources were incorporated into the estimates in countries with large epidemics. Annual and single-year age estimates of net migration and population for each country and territory were generated using a Bayesian hierarchical cohort component model that analysed estimated age-specific fertility and mortality rates along with 1250 censuses and 747 population registry years. We classified location-years into seven categories on the basis of the natural rate of increase in population (calculated by subtracting the crude death rate from the crude birth rate) and the net migration rate. We computed healthy life expectancy (HALE) using years lived with disability (YLDs) per capita, life tables, and standard demographic methods. Uncertainty was propagated throughout the demographic estimation process, including fertility, mortality, and population, with 1000 draw-level estimates produced for each metric. Findings: The global TFR decreased from 2·72 (95% uncertainty interval [UI] 2·66–2·79) in 2000 to 2·31 (2·17–2·46) in 2019. Global annual livebirths increased from 134·5 million (131·5–137·8) in 2000 to a peak of 139·6 million (133·0–146·9) in 2016. Global livebirths then declined to 135·3 million (127·2–144·1) in 2019. Of the 204 countries and territories included in this study, in 2019, 102 had a TFR lower than 2·1, which is considered a good approximation of replacement-level fertility. All countries in sub-Saharan Africa had TFRs above replacement level in 2019 and accounted for 27·1% (95% UI 26·4–27·8) of global livebirths. Global life expectancy at birth increased from 67·2 years (95% UI 66·8–67·6) in 2000 to 73·5 years (72·8–74·3) in 2019. The total number of deaths increased from 50·7 million (49·5–51·9) in 2000 to 56·5 million (53·7–59·2) in 2019. Under-5 deaths declined from 9·6 million (9·1–10·3) in 2000 to 5·0 million (4·3–6·0) in 2019. Global population increased by 25·7%, from 6·2 billion (6·0–6·3) in 2000 to 7·7 billion (7·5–8·0) in 2019. In 2019, 34 countries had negative natural rates of increase; in 17 of these, the population declined because immigration was not sufficient to counteract the negative rate of decline. Globally, HALE increased from 58·6 years (56·1–60·8) in 2000 to 63·5 years (60·8–66·1) in 2019. HALE increased in 202 of 204 countries and territories between 2000 and 2019. Interpretation: Over the past 20 years, fertility rates have been dropping steadily and life expectancy has been increasing, with few exceptions. Much of this change follows historical patterns linking social and economic determinants, such as those captured by the GBD Socio-demographic Index, with demographic outcomes. More recently, several countries have experienced a combination of low fertility and stagnating improvement in mortality rates, pushing more populations into the late stages of the demographic transition. Tracking demographic change and the emergence of new patterns will be essential for global health monitoring. Funding: Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation. © 2020 The Author(s). Published by Elsevier Ltd. This is an Open Access article under the CC BY 4.0 license

Authors
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R.517 , Rathi P.517 , Unnikrishnan B.517 , Janodia M.D.518 , Lang J.J.520 , Badawi A.521, 526 , Orpana H.M.522, 894 , Bhutta Z.A.523, 646 , Shield K.D.524, 1260 , Chattu V.525 , Badiye A.D.527 , Kapoor N.527 , Bagherzadeh M.528 , Rabiee N.528 , Bagli E.529, 530 , Baig A.A.531 , Bairwa M.532 , Lodha R.533 , Sagar R.534 , Rath G.K.535 , Bhardwaj P.536 , Charan J.537 , Kanchan T.538 , Joshi A.539 , Pakhare A.P.539 , Bakhshaei M.540 , Naghshtabrizi B.541 , Balachandran A.544, 548 , Hoek H.W.545, 997 , Postma M.J.546, 547 , Geremew A.549 , Gebrehiwot A.M.550 , Balakrishnan S.551 , Desalew A.552 , Bojia H.A.553 , Mohammed A.S.553 , Regassa L.D.554 , Parmar P.G.K.557, 555 , Balalla S.556 , Roberts S.166, 557 , Baldasseroni A.558 , Stokes M.A.559 , Ball K.560 , Islam S.560, 772 , Maddison R.560 , Balzi D.561 , Levi M.561 , Banach M.562, 563 , Banerjee S.K.564 , Banik P.C.565 , Barua L.565 , Faruque M.565 , Barboza M.A.566, 567 , Barker-Collo S.L.568 , Jonas J.B.569, 1047 , Panda-Jonas S.569 , De Neve J. , Kohler S.570 , Moazen B.570, 1217 , Mohammed S.570, 1223 , Barrero L.H.571 , Basaleem H.572 , Bassat Q.573, 575 , Haro J.M.574, 979 , Koyanagi A.575, 1109 , Car J.576, 710 , Greaves F.576, 953 , Majeed A.576 , Davis A.C.577, 751 , Steiner T.J.578, 1406 , Kusuma D.579, 1123 , Palladino R.576, 755 , Rawaf S.576, 952 , Saxena S.580 , Rawaf D.L.581, 1327 , Baune B.T.582, 584 , Karch A.583 , Baye B.A.585 , Darega Gela J. , Kolola T.585 , Becker J.S.586 , DeLang M.586 , West J.586 , Gad M.M.587, 910 , Serre M.L.586 , Gallus S.589 , Lugo A.589 , Beghi E.590 , Pupillo E.590 , Bosetti C.591 , Giussani G.592 , Bikbov B.593 , Perico N.593 , Remuzzi G.593 , Imani-Nasab M.594 , Nouraei Motlagh S. , Sharafi Z.595 , Behzadifar M.596 , Béjot Y.597, 598 , Bekuma T.T.599 , Yilma M.T.599 , Bell M.L.600 , Bello A.K.601 , Rafiee A.601 , Keddie S.H.602 , Lucas T.C.D.602 , Dolecek C.603, 833 , Dunachie S.J.603, 833 , Kraemer M.U.G.116, 604 , Rumisha S.F.605, 1340 , Weiss D.J.605 , Lewington S.606, 608 , Collins E.L.607 , Nandi A.K.607 , Zhao Y.607 , Bennett D.A.608 , Karim M.A.608, 1056 , Lacey B.608, 1124 , Khundkar R.609 , Yaya S.610, 895 , Goulart A.C.611, 612 , Santos I.S.611, 612 , Bensenor I.M.612 , Lotufo P.A.613 , Tovani-Palone M.R.614, 1437 , Castaldelli-Maia J.615 , Wang Y.615, 624, 1461 , Furtado J.M.616 , Benziger C.P.618 , Berman A.E.619 , Mazidi M.620 , Bernabe E.621 , Dargan P.I.622, 791 , Molokhia M.622 , Shibuya K.623 , Douiri A.624 , Wolfe C.D.A.624, 1471 , Hay R.J.625, 987 , Flohr C.626 , Suchdev P.S.627 , Ram P.628 , Bernstein R.S.629 , Liu Y.630 , Bhagavathula A.S.631, 635 , Khan G.632 , Grivna M.633, 634 , Bhala N.636, 637 , Chandan J.S.637 , Gaidhane A.M.640 , Quazi Syed Z. , Saxena D.640, 1361 , Khatib M.641 , Bhat A.G.642 , Bhattacharyya K.643, 644 , Bhattarai S.645 , Das J.K.648 , Bibi S.649 , Bilano V.650 , Bin Sayeed M. , Cherbuin N.652 , D'Amico E.654 , Grosso G.655 , Borzì A.M.656 , Biondi A.657 , Vacante M.657 , Valli A.657 , Birihane B.M.658, 659 , Bisanzio D.660, 662 , Hassan S.663 , Bjørge T.664, 666 , Øverland S.665, 1099 , Bockarie M.J.667, 668 , Mensah G.A.668, 775 , Sliwa K.1 , Gholamian A.671, 674 , Bohlouli S.672 , Esmaeilnejad S.673, 876 , Bohluli M.675, 676 , Bolla S.R.677 , Borges G.678 , Bose D.679 , Bourne R.680 , Brayne C.681 , Breitborde N.J.K.682, 684 , Fisher J.L.683 , Breitner S.685, 686 , Brenner H.687 , Breusov A.V. 688 , Rakovac I.689 , Briko N.I.690 , Lopukhov P.D.690 , Glushkova E.V.691 , Korshunov V.A.691 , Polibin R.V.691 , Jakovljevic M.692, 1024 , Briko A.N.693 , Britton G.B.694, 695 , Castro F.695 , Moreno Velásquez I. , Burnett R.T.697 , Burugina Nagaraja S. , Busse R.699 , Butt Z.A.700, 701 , Caetano Dos Santos F. , Cai T.703 , Hall B.J.704 , Cahuana-Hurtado L.705 , Cámera L.A.706, 707 , Valdez P.R.708, 1448 , Tudor Car L. , Cárdenas R.712 , Gorini G.713 , Carreras G.714 , Fernandes E.715 , Freitas M.715 , Pereira D.M.715 , Santos J.V.716, 1353 , Ribeiro D.717 , Pinheiro M.718 , Massano J.719, 1184 , Das Neves J. , Dias Da Silva D. , Carvalho F.723 , Costa V.M.723 , Silva J.P.723 , Morgado-da-Costa J.724 , Castelpietra G.726, 727 , Catalá-López F.728, 729 , Pakhale S.730 , Cerin E.731, 735 , Yip P.732, 733 , Ho H.734 , Chang J.736, 737 , Chang A.R.738 , Chang K.739, 740 , Cooper O.R.739, 759 , Chaturvedi S.741 , Chimed-Ochir O.742 , Chirinos-Caceres J.L.743 , Choi J.J.744 , Christensen H.745 , Truelsen T.C.746 , Chu D.747 , Kivimäki M.748, 1095 , Chung S.749, 753 , Kumar M.750, 1067 , Ward J.L.752 , Chung M.T.754 , Cirillo M.755 , Virclo R.755 , Classen T.K.D.756, 757 , Lauriola P.760 , Corso B.761 , Hugo F.N.762 , Kieling C.763, 1080 , Cousin E.764 , Duncan B.B.764 , Goulart B.N.G.764 , Schmidt M.I.764 , Stein C.764 , Cowden R.G.765 , MacLachlan J.H.766 , Leigh J.768 , Cross M.769 , Ferreira M.L.770 , Smith E.U.R.770, 771 , Driscoll T.R.773 , Huda T.M.1017, 773 , Hoy D.G.774 , Horita N.776, 1004 , Cross D.H.777 , Dai H.778, 780, 781 , Hu G. 779 , Damasceno A.A.M.782 , Damiani G.783, 785 , La Vecchia C. , Sanabria J.786, 1352 , Pandey A.787 , Mathur M.R.788, 1161 , Zodpey S.789 , Dandona L.166, 160, 790 , Dandona R.166, 790 , Kumar G.790 , Lal D.K.790 , Hamagharib Abdullah K. , Hosseinzadeh M.794, 1008 , Darwesh A.M.795 , Faraj A.796 , Omar Bali A. , Das Gupta R. , Dash A.P.800 , Davey G.801, 805 , Deribe K.805, 802 , Gebremedhin K.B.803 , Wondmieneh A.B.804, 1188 , Dereje N.D.805, 813 , Dávila-Cervantes C.A.806 , Davletov K.808 , Mereke A.808, 1200 , Serdar B.810, 1368 , Gebremeskel G.G.383, 811 , Haile T.G.811 , Tadesse D.B.811 , Weldesamuel G.T.811 , Demoz G.T.812 , Gebremeskel L.G.387, 812 , Woldu G.812 , Handiso D.813 , Dervenis N.814, 816 , Topouzis F.815 , Desai R.817 , Dharmaratne S.D.166, 160, 820 , Dhungana G.P.821 , Emamian M.823 , Diaz D.824, 825 , Djalalinia S.827 , Nguyen T.H. 828 , Vu G.T.828 , Do H.T.829 , Dokova K.830 , Doku D.T.831 , Neupane S.832 , Takala J.S.832, 1423 , Doxey M.C.834 , Doyle K.E.835, 839 , Renzaho A.M.N.836, 837 , Ogbo F.A.837 , Robinson S.R.838 , Vukovic A.840 , Ilic I.M.841 , Santric-Milicevic M.M.841, 845 , Vujcic I.S.842 , Dubljanin E.843 , Vukovic R.844, 1456 , Rasella D.846 , Duraes A.R.847, 848 , Ebrahimi Kalan M. , Effiong A.852 , Pond C.D.853 , Ehrlich J.R.854, 856 , Liu X.855 , Wei M.Y.W.857 , El Sayed I. , El Tantawi M. , El Sayed Zaki M. , Elbarazi I.861 , Tsai A.C.862, 1439 , Elyazar I.R.864 , Yazdi-Feyzabadi V.868, 871 , Eskandari K.869, 872 , Sharifi H.870 , Halvaei I.873 , Ghaffarifar F.875 , Zaki L.875 , Hasanpoor E.877 , Esmaeilzadeh F.880 , Etemadi A.881 , Lan Q.881 , Yeheyis T.Y.882 , Etisso A.E.883 , Ezekannagha O.884, 885 , E Farinha C.S. , Farioli A.888 , Violante F.S.888, 1455 , Faris P.S.889, 890 , Mohammad D.K.214, 891 , Faro A.892 , Lam J.O.896 , Filip I.897, 898 , Fischer F.899 , Flor L.S.900, 901 , Foigt N.A.902 , Folayan M.O.903 , Fomenkov A.A.904 , Foroutan M.906 , Francis J.M.907 , Franklin R.C.908 , Fukumoto T.909 , Gamkrelidze A.911 , Kereselidze M.911 , Garcia-Basteiro A.L.912, 913 , Lazarus J.V.914 , Straif K.914, 1410 , Ghiasvand H.917 , Ghith N.918 , Norrving B.919 , Mehta K.M.920 , Mohamad O.921 , Salama J.S.922 , Ghosh R.923 , Giampaoli S.924 , Gilani S.925, 927 , Hameed S.926 , Hanif A.926 , Rana S.M.926, 1320 , Uthman O.A.928 , Gill P.S.929 , Gillum R.F.930, 931 , Ginawi I.A.932 , Ginindza T.G.933, 934 , Tlou B.933 , Tanser F.C.934, 1424 , Gnedovskaya E.V.935 , Kravchenko M.A.936 , Piradov M.A.936 , Golechha M.937 , Goli S.938, 942 , Milne G.J.939 , Schlaich M.P.940, 996 , Hankey G.J.941, 977 , Gona P.N.943 , Gopalani S.V.944, 945 , Goudarzi H.947 , Rawassizadeh R.948 , Grada A.949 , Nsoesie E.O.950 , Javaheri T.951 , Rawaf S.576, 952 , Steel N.954, 1407 , Gubari M.I.M.955 , Gugnani H.C.956, 957 , Guimaraes A.L.S.958 , Guimarães R.A.959 , Guled R.A.960 , Senbeta A.M.961 , Hashi A.962 , Omer M.O.962 , Yousuf A.Y.962 , Gupta S.S.964 , Gupta T.965 , Gupta R.966, 967, 968, 969 , Gupta R.966, 967, 968, 969 , Haagsma J.A.970 , Polinder S.1 , Hachinski V.971, 973 , Stranges S.972, 1411 , Hamadeh R.R.975 , Hamidi S.976 , Tabarés-Seisdedos R.978, 1418 , Tyrovolas S.979, 1110 , Hasaballah A.I.980 , Hassanipour S.982, 984 , Joukar F.982, 984 , Mansour-Ghanaei F.982, 984 , Jaafari J.983 , Havmoeller R.J.986 , Hayat K.988, 989 , Heibati B.990 , Heidari G.991 , Henok A.992 , Hird T.R.994 , Moraga P.995 , Sigfusdottir I.D.998, 1381 , Phillips M.R.999, 1303 , Hole M.K.1000 , Hollingsworth B.1001 , Hopf K.P.1002, 1003 , Hosgood H.1005 , Hossain N. 1006 , Mai H.T.1007 , Nguyen C.T.1007 , Nguyen D.N.1007, 1009 , Nguyen H.L.T.1007 , Pham H.Q.1007 , Nguyen D.N.1007, 1009 , Househ M.1011 , Hsairi M.1012 , Lin R.1013, 1145 , Hsieh V.1014 , Hwang B.1015 , Hu K.1016 , Humayun A.1018 , Hussain R.1019 , Ibeneme C.U.1020, 1021 , Ikeda N.1022 , Ilic M.D.1023 , Inbaraj L.R.1025 , Iqbal U.1026 , Islami F.1028 , Yamagishi K.1029, 1476 , Iso H.1030 , Iwu C.C.D.1031 , Jacobsen K.H.1033 , Jayatilleke A.U.1034, 1035 , Jeemon P.1036 , Jha R.P.1037, 1038 , Jia P.1041 , Osei F.B.1042, 1277 , Schutte A.E.1045, 1363 , Johansson L.1046 , Szócska M.1048 , Joo T.1049 , Jozwiak J.J.1050 , Jürisson M.1051 , Kabir Z.1052 , Roshandel G.1053 , Oladnabi M.1054 , Kalani H.1055 , Kassa G.M.1059 , Katikireddi S.V.1060 , Yamada T.1061 , Nomura S.1062, 1262 , Kawakami N.1063 , Kayode G.A.1064, 1066 , Kromhout H.1065 , Traini E.1065 , Kumar M.750, 1067 , Keiyoro P.N.1068 , Muriithi M.K.1069 , Wamai R.G.1070, 1085 , Khader Y.S.1071 , Khalid N.1072 , Khan E.A.1073 , Khang Y.1074, 1075 , Khatab K.1076, 1077 , Khubchandani J.1079 , Kim Y.1081, 1084 , Yoon S.1081 , Shin M.1082 , Kim C.1083 , Kim Y.1081, 1084 , Kim D.1086 , Kimokoti R.W.1087 , Kinfu Y.1088, 1089 , Kisa S.1090 , Kisa A.1091, 1092 , Kissimova-Skarbek K.1093 , Topor-Madry R.1094, 1434 , Lallukka T.1095 , Meretoja T.J.1096, 1201 , Shivakumar K.M.1097 , Knudsen A.S.1098 , Sulo G.1100 , Kosen S.1106 , Kotlo A.1107 , Koul P.A.1108 , Krishan K.1111 , KS S.1112, 1113 , Kuate Defo B. , Kucuk Bicer B. , Yuce D.1117 , Rawat R.1118 , Meitei W.B.1119 , Kumar P.1120 , Singh P.1121 , Kumaresh G.1122 , Lami F.H.1125 , Landires I.1126 , Nunez-Samudio V.1127, 1128 , Landires , Lansky S.1132 , Larsson A.O.1133, 1134 , Lasrado S.1135 , Lavados P.M.1136, 1137 , Leasher J.L.1139 , Lee S.W.H.170, 1140 , Leonardi M.1141 , Raggi A.1141 , Sattin PsyD , S Schiavolin D. , Li B.1142 , Lim L.1143, 1144 , Takahashi K.1145 , Linehan C.1146 , Linn S.1147 , Shuval K.1147 , Listl S.1148, 1149 , Zhou M.1150 , Liu S.1151, 1152 , Logroscino G.1153, 1154 , Looker K.J.1155 , Lorkowski S.1157, 1158 , Lunevicius R.1159, 1160 , Lyons R.A.1162 , Madotto F.1164 , Magdy Abd El Razek H. , Magdy Abd El Razek M. , Mahmoudi M.1168 , Maled V.1170, 1171, 1172 , Moradi G.1173, 1175 , Maleki A.1174 , Manafi A.1176 , Mapoma C.1178 , Martini S.1180, 1181 , Martins-Melo F.R.1182 , Masaka A.1183 , McAlinden C.1185 , Momen N.C.1186 , Plana-Ripoll O.1186 , Medina-Solís C.E.1187 , Meharie B.1189 , Mehndiratta M.1190, 1191 , Mehrotra R.1192 , Suliankatchi Abdulkader R. , Mekonnen T.1194 , Memiah P.T.N.1195 , Wallin M.T.1196, 1459 , Memish Z.A.1197, 1198 , Mendoza W.1199 , Mestrovic T.1203, 1204 , Miazgowski B.1205, 1207 , Miazgowski T.1206 , Miazgowski B.1205, 1207 , Michalek I.1208 , Mini G.1210, 1211 , Miri M.1212, 1213 , Mirrakhimov E.M.1214, 1215 , Mirzaei H.1216 , Mohammadian-Hafshejani A.1218 , Mohammadpourhodki R.1219 , Sahebkar A.1220, 1343 , Mohammed H.1221 , Sufiyan M.B.1222 , Mohseni Bandpei M.A. , Monasta L.1225 , Ronfani L.1225 , Mondello S.1226 , Moradi-Joo M.1227 , Morawska L.1228 , Mousavi Khaneghah A. , Westerman R.1230 , Werdecker A.1231 , Mueller U.O.1232, 1233 , Mukhopadhyay S.1234 , Musa K.1235 , Mustafa G.1236, 1237 , Nagarajan A.J.1239, 1240 , Nagel G.1241 , Rothenbacher D.1241 , Naik G.1242 , Schwebel D.C.1243 , Singh J.A.1244, 1385 , Naimzada M.1245, 1246 , Otstavnov N.1245 , Otstavnov S.S. 1245, 1280 , Soshnikov S.1245, 1400 , Titova M.V.1245, 1433 , Nair S.1247, 1248 , Naldi L.1249, 1250 , Nangia V.1251 , Nansseu J.1252, 1254 , Sobngwi E.1253, 1395 , Nguefack-Tsague G.1254 , Ndejjo R.1255 , Ngari K.N.1258 , Ngunjiri J.W.1259 , Nigatu Y.T.1260, 1261 , Oancea B.1263 , Oh I.1264 , Okunga E.W.1265 , Olusanya J.O.1267 , Olusanya B.O.1267 , Ong S.1268, 1269 , Onwujekwe O.E.1270 , Ortega-Altamirano D.V.1272 , Ortiz A.1273, 1275 , Soriano J.B.1274, 1399 , Osarenotor O.1276 , Ostojic S.M.1278 , Vlassov V.1279 , Pa M.1281 , Pangaribuan H.U.1283 , Park E.1284 , Pasupula D.1285 , Patel J.R.1286 , Patel S.K.1287 , Paternina-Caicedo A.J.1288 , Pathak M.1289 , Pathak A.219, 1290 , Patten S.B.1291 , Tonelli M.1292 , Weintraub R.G.1294, 1465 , Paudel S.1296, 1297 , Pepito V.F.1298 , Thurston G.D.1299 , Peprah E.K.1300 , Pereira J.1301 , Pescarini J.M.1302 , Piccinelli C.1304 , Pilgrim T.1305 , Plass D.1306 , Pokhrel K.N.1307 , Prada S.I.1308, 1309 , Prakash V.1310 , Prakash S.1311 , Prasad N.1312 , Shigematsu M.1313 , Pribadi D.R.A.1314 , Sudaryanto A.1315 , Rabiee M.1316 , Radfar A.1317 , Ranabhat C.L.1321, 1322 , Ranta A.1323, 1325 , Ribeiro D.C.1324 , Rao S.1326 , Rawaf D.L.581, 1327 , Rawal L.1328 , Renjith V.1329 , Rickard J.1332, 1333 , Roever L.1334 , Romoli M.1335, 1336 , Rostamian M.1338 , Rubagotti E.1339 , Rwegerera G.M.1341 , Ullah S.1344 , Sajadi S.1345, 1346 , Salam N.1347 , Salomon J.A.1350 , Salz I.1351 , Saraswathy S.Y.1354, 1355 , Sarmiento-Suárez R.1356, 1357 , Sathian B.1358, 1359 , Savic M.1360 , Saylan M.1362 , Schwendicke F.1364 , Sekerija M.1365, 1366 , Senthilkumaran S.1367 , Sha F.1369 , Shaheen A.A.1370 , Shaikh M.A.1371 , Shamsizadeh M.1372 , Shannawaz M.1373 , Sharma R.1374 , Shin J.1376 , Shiri R.1377 , Sierpinski R.1379, 1380 , Sigurvinsdottir R.1381 , Silva D.A.S.1382 , Simonetti B.1383, 1384 , Singh A.1386, 1387 , Sinha D.N.1388, 1389 , Skiadaresi E.1390 , Skou S.T.1391, 1392 , Skryabin V.Y.1393 , Zastrozhin M.S. 1394, 1486 , Soheili A.1396 , Sokhan A.1397 , Somefun O.D.1398 , Korotkova A.V.1401 , Soyiri I.N.1402 , Sreeramareddy C.T.1403 , Srinivasan V.1404 , Sripada K.1405 , Stovner L.J.1406, 1409 , Stockfelt L.1408 , Sultan I.1413, 1414 , Swope C.B.1415 , Vaicekonyte R.1415 , Sykes B.L.1416 , Szumowski L.1417 , Tabb K.M.1419 , Tabuchi T.1420 , Taddele B.W.1421 , Tahir Z.1422 , Tareque M.I.1425 , Tarigan I.U.1426 , Taveira N.1427, 1428 , Thankappan K.R.1430 , Thomas N.1431 , Varughese S.1432 , Touvier M.1435, 1436 , Tran B.X.1438 , Tsatsakis A.1440 , Vardavas C.1441 , Ullah I.1442, 1443 , Umeokonkwo C.D.1444 , Undurraga E.A.1445, 1446 , Upadhyay E.1447 , Vasankari T.J.1449 , Vasconcelos A.N.1450 , Veisani Y.1451 , Vidale S.1453, 1454 , Waheed Y.1457 , Wei J.1458 , Wang F.1460 , Zhao X.G.1460, 1490 , Wang Y.615, 624, 1461 , Yu C.1461, 1462 , Zhang Z.1463 , Wang H. 166, 160, 1464 , Weiss J.1466, 1467 , Wiangkham T.1468 , Wickramasinghe N.D.1469 , Wu A.1472 , Xie Y.1473 , Xu G.1474 , Yahyazadeh Jabbari S. , Yilgwan C.S.1477, 1478 , Yonemoto N.1479, 1480 , Younis M.Z.1481, 1482 , Younker T.P.1483 , Yu Y. 1484 , Zaidi S.1485 , Zhang J. 174, 1487 , Zhang Y. 1488, 1489 , Zheleva B.1491 , Zhu C.1492 , GBD 2019 Demographics Collaborators
Journal
Publisher
Elsevier Limited
Number of issue
10258
Language
English
Pages
1160-1203
Status
Published
Volume
396
Year
2020
Organizations
  • 1 Department of Juridical and Economic Studies, La Sapienza University, Rome, Italy
  • 2 Centre for Global Mental Health (CGMH), London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
  • 3 Department of Global Health and Development, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
  • 4 Department of Health Services Research and Policy, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
  • 5 Department of Infectious Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
  • 6 Department of Non-communicable Disease Epidemiology, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
  • 7 Department of Public Health, Environments, and Society, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
  • 8 European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
  • 9 Faculty of Epidemiology and Population Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
  • 10 Faculty of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
  • 11 MSc Epidemiology Programme, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, United Kingdom
  • 12 Autism Spectrum Disorders Research Center, Hamadan, Iran
  • 13 Department of Biostatistics, Hamadan, Iran
  • 14 Department of Endocrinology, Hamadan, Iran
  • 15 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Hamadan, Iran
  • 16 Department of Epidemiology, Hamadan, Iran
  • 17 Department of Internal Medicine, Hamadan, Iran
  • 18 Department of Microbiology, Hamadan, Iran
  • 19 Department of Midwifery, Hamadan, Iran
  • 20 Neurophysiology Research Center, Hamadan, Iran
  • 21 Research Center for Molecular Medicine, Hamadan, Iran
  • 22 Hamadan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • 23 Clinical Research Development Unit, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • 24 Department of Internal Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • 25 Department of Neurology, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • 26 Department of Family Medicine, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • 27 Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • 28 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Rafsanjan University of Medical Sciences, Rafsanjan, Iran
  • 29 Department of Community Nutrition, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 30 Department of Epidemiology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 31 Department of Health, Safety, and Environment (HSE), Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 32 Department of Ophthalmology, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 33 Injury Prevention and Safety Promotion Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 34 Obesity Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 35 Ophthalmic Epidemiology Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 36 Ophthalmic Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 37 Prevention of Metabolic Disorders Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 38 Research Institute for Endocrine Sciences, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 39 Safety Promotion and Injury Prevention Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 40 School of Management and Medical Education, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 41 School of Pharmacy, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 42 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 43 Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 44 Advanced Diagnostic and Interventional Radiology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 45 Cancer Biology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 46 Cancer Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 47 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 48 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 49 Department of Health Policy, Management, and Economics, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 50 Department of Microbiology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 51 Department of Pharmacology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 52 Department of Urology, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 53 Digestive Diseases Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 54 Digestive Diseases Research Institute, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 55 Endocrinology and Metabolism Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 56 Health Equity Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 57 Iranian National Center for Addiction Studies (INCAS), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 58 Liver and Pancreaticobilliary Disease Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 59 Metabolomics and Genomics Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 60 Multiple Sclerosis Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 61 National Institute of Health Research (NIHR), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 62 Non-communicable Diseases Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 63 Pediatric Chronic Kidney Disease Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 64 Psychiatry and Psychology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 65 Research Center for Immunodeficiencies, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 66 School of Medicine, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 67 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 68 School of Pharmacy, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 69 School of Public Health, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 70 Sina Trauma and Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 71 Tehran Heart Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 72 The Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences (TIPS), Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 73 Uro-oncology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 74 Urology Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 75 Water Quality Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 76 Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 77 Department of Medical Parasitology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • 78 Department of Neurology, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • 79 Endemic Medicine and Hepatogastroentrology Department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • 80 National Hepatology and Tropical Medicine Research Institute, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • 81 Neurophysiology Department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • 82 Public Health and Community Medicine Department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • 83 Urology Department, Cairo University, Cairo, Egypt
  • 84 Cardiac Rehabilitation Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • 85 Department of Immunology, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • 86 Health Management and Economics Reasearch Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • 87 Isfahan Cardiovascular Research Institute, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • 88 Neuroscience Research Center, Isfahan University of Medical Sciences, Isfahan, Iran
  • 89 Colorectal Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 90 Comprehensive Research Laboratory, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 91 Department of Community and Family Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 92 Department of Health Education and Promotion, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 93 Department of Ophthalmology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 94 Department of Physiology, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 95 Faculty of Allied Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 96 Health Economics Department, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 97 Health Information Management, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 98 Health Management and Economics Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 99 Mental Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 100 Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 101 Nutrition Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 102 Physiology Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 103 Preventive Medicine and Public Health Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 104 School of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 105 Student Research Committee, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 106 Tehran Institute of Psychiatry, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 107 Brigham and Women's Hospital, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 108 Cardiology Department, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 109 Center for Primary Care, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 110 Department of Biostatistics, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 111 Department of Genetics, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 112 Department of Global Health and Population, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 113 Department of Global Health and Social Medicine, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 114 Department of Nutrition, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 115 Division of General Internal Medicine, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 116 Harvard Medical School, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 117 Massachusetts Veterans Epidemiology Research and Information Center (MAVERIC) & CSP Coordinating Center, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 118 Neuroendocrine, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 119 T.H. Chan School of Public Health, Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 120 Harvard University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 121 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States
  • 122 Keck School of Medicine, University of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA, United States
  • 123 Biostatistics Department, Near East University, Nicosia, Cyprus
  • 124 Biostatistics and Health Informatics, Madda Walabu University, Bale Robe, Ethiopia
  • 125 Department of Public Health, Madda Walabu University, Bale Robe, Ethiopia
  • 126 Karolinska University Hospital, Huddinge, Sweden
  • 127 Department of Nursing, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
  • 128 Department of Public Health, Debre Berhan University, Debre Berhan, Ethiopia
  • 129 Department of Cardiology, Dupuytren University Hospital, Limoges, France
  • 130 University of Limoges, Limoges, France
  • 131 Ophthalmology Department, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
  • 132 Section of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg, MB, Canada
  • 133 Department of Pediatrics, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
  • 134 Department of Psychiatry, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
  • 135 School of Population and Public Health, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada
  • 136 Centre of Telehealth, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
  • 137 Department of Internal Medicine, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
  • 138 Department of Maternal and Child Nursing and Public Health, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
  • 139 Department of Oral Surgery and Pathology, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
  • 140 Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Federal University of Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
  • 141 Department of Research, Philippine Institute for Development Studies, Quezon City, Philippines
  • 142 College of Medicine, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • 143 Environmental Health Department, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • 144 Pharmacology Department, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • 145 Forensic Medicine Division, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • 146 Health Information Management and Technology Department, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • 147 Internal Medicine Department, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • 148 Pathology Department, Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • 149 Imam Abdulrahman Bin Faisal University, Dammam, Saudi Arabia
  • 150 Department of Clinical Sciences, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
  • 151 Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Sharjah, Sharjah, United Arab Emirates
  • 152 Department of Healthcare Policy and Research, Weill Cornell Medical College in Qatar, Doha, Qatar
  • 153 Department of Entomology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
  • 154 Department of Medicine, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
  • 155 Department of Neurology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
  • 156 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt
  • 157 Department of Anesthesiology & Pain Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 158 Department of Applied Math, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 159 Department of Global Health, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 160 Department of Health Metrics Sciences, School of Medicine, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 161 Department of Neurology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 162 Division of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 163 Division of Cardiology, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 164 Division of Plastic Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 165 Division of Plastic & Reconstructive Surgery, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 166 Institute for Health Metrics and Evaluation, University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 167 University of Washington, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 168 Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 169 Department of Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 170 School of Pharmacy, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 171 School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 172 The School of Clinical Sciences at Monash Health, Monash University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 173 Department of Agriculture and Food Systems, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 174 Department of General Practice, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 175 Department of Medicine, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 176 Department of Neurology, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 177 Department of Paediatrics, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 178 Melbourne Medical School, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 179 Melbourne School of Population and Global Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 180 School of Health Sciences, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 181 Centre of Excellence for Epidemiological Modelling and Analysis, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 182 Department of Global Health, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 183 Department of Psychiatry, Stellenbosch University, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 184 Alcohol, Tobacco & Other Drug Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 185 Cochrane South Africa, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 186 Grants, Innovation and Product Development Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 187 Risk and Resilience in Mental Disorders Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 188 South African Medical Research Council, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 189 College of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 190 Department of Community Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 191 Department of Medicine, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 192 School of Laboratory Medicine and Science, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria
  • 193 Department of Sociology, Olabisi Onabanjo University, Ago-Iwoye, Nigeria
  • 194 School of Medicine, Cardiff University, Cardiff, United Kingdom
  • 195 Department of Community Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 196 Department of Health Promotion and Education, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 197 Department of Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 198 Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 199 Institute for Advanced Medical Research and Training, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 200 Institute of Cardiovascular Diseases, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 201 Department of Community Medicine, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
  • 202 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
  • 203 School of Health, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
  • 204 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Ardabil University of Medical Science, Ardabil, Iran
  • 205 Social Behavioral Research Branch, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States
  • 206 National Eye Institute, National Institute of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States
  • 207 Department of Oncology, Georgetown University, Washington DC, DC, United States
  • 208 Division of Hematology and Oncology, Georgetown University, Washington DC, DC, United States
  • 209 Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, United States
  • 210 Department of Dermatology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, United States
  • 211 Department of Community Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences, Zabol, Iran
  • 212 Department of Global Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 213 Department of Medical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 214 Department of Medicine, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 215 Department of Neurobiology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 216 Department of Neurobiology, Care Sciences and Society, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 217 Department of Physiology and Pharmacology, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 218 Department of Public Health, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 219 Department of Global Public Health-Health Systems and Policy (HSP): Medicines Focusing Antibiotics, Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 220 Department of Health Research Methods, Evidence and Impact, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
  • 221 Department of Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
  • 222 Department of Psychiatry and Behavioural Neurosciences, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
  • 223 Department of Family Medicine, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
  • 224 Population Health Research Institute, McMaster University, Hamilton, ON, Canada
  • 225 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
  • 226 Neuroscience Research Center, Qom University of Medical Sciences, Qom, Iran
  • 227 Institute of Genomics and Integrative Biology, Council of Scientific & Industrial Research, Delhi, India
  • 228 Internal Medicine, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX, United States
  • 229 Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Southeast University, Nanjing, China
  • 230 Lincoln Medical School, Universities of Nottingham & Lincoln, Lincoln, United Kingdom
  • 231 Clinical Research Development Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 232 Department of Anatomical Sciences, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 233 Department of Anesthesiology, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 234 Department of Emergency Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 235 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 236 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 237 Department of Health Education and Health Promotion, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 238 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 239 Department of Psychiatry, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 240 Department of Public Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 241 Department of Radiology and Nuclear Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 242 Department of Rehabilitation and Sports Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 243 Epidemiology and Biostatistics Department, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 244 Health Institute, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 245 Infectious Disease Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 246 Medical Biology Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 247 Pediatric Department, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 248 Research Center for Environmental Determinants of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 249 Social Development and Health Promotion Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 250 Substance Abuse Prevention Research Center, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 251 Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 252 Environmental Health Engineering, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
  • 253 Environmental Technologies Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
  • 254 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
  • 255 Thalassemia and Hemoglobinopathy Research Center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, Iran
  • 256 Aging Research Institute, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 257 Biotechnology Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 258 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 259 Department of Community Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 260 Department of Health Policy and Management, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 261 Department of Immunology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 262 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 263 Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 264 Department of Public Health, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 265 Drug Applied Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 266 Health Services Management Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 267 Infectious and Tropical Diseases Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 268 Molecular Medicine Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 269 Research Center for Evidence Based Medicine, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 270 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 271 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 272 Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran
  • 273 Department of Environmental Health Sciences and Technology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
  • 274 Department of Epidemiology, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
  • 275 Department of Health Education and Behavioral Sciences, Jimma University, Jimma, Ethiopia
  • 276 Australian Center for Precision Health, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
  • 277 School of Pharmacy and Medical Sciences, University of South Australia, Adelaide, SA, Australia
  • 278 Faculty of Medicine and Public Health, Jenderal Soedirman University, Purwokerto, Indonesia
  • 279 Department of Clinical Midwifery, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
  • 280 Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
  • 281 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
  • 282 Department of Midwifery, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
  • 283 Department of Reproductive Health, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
  • 284 School of Nursing, University of Gondar, Gondar, Ethiopia
  • 285 Institute of Neuroscience, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
  • 286 School of Medicine and Public Health, Newcastle University, Newcastle upon Tyne, United Kingdom
  • 287 Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States
  • 288 Department of Population Health Sciences, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States
  • 289 Duke Global Health Institute, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States
  • 290 Department of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States
  • 291 Nicholas School of the Environment, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States
  • 292 School of Medicine, Duke University, Durham, NC, United States
  • 293 Department of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 294 George Institute for Global Health, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 295 National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 296 School of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 297 School of Optometry and Vision Science, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 298 School of Psychiatry, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 299 School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 300 Transport and Road Safety (TARS), University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 301 Department of Public Health, The Intercountry Centre for Oral Health (ICOH) for Africa, Jos, Nigeria
  • 302 Department of Public Health, Federal Ministry of Health, Garki, Nigeria
  • 303 Mayo Evidence-based Practice Center, Mayo Clinic Foundation for Medical Education and Research, Rochester, MN, United States
  • 304 Department of Energy, Environmental and Chemical Engineering, Washington University in St. Louis, St Louis, MO, United States
  • 305 John T. Milliken Department of Internal Medicine, Washington University in St. Louis, St Louis, MO, United States
  • 306 Clinical Epidemiology Center, Department of Veterans Affairs, St Louis, MO, United States
  • 307 Dermatology Service, Department of Veterans Affairs, St Louis, MO, United States
  • 308 Department of Community Health and Epidemiology, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
  • 309 Department of Medicine, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
  • 310 Department of Physics and Atmospheric Science, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS, Canada
  • 311 Prevention Division, Queensland Health, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 312 Australian Institute for Suicide Research and Prevention, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD, Australia
  • 313 Centre for Environment and Population Health, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD, Australia
  • 314 School of Dentistry and Oral Health, Griffith University, Nathan, QLD, Australia
  • 315 Murdoch Business School, Murdoch University, Perth, WA, Australia
  • 316 Center for Health System Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico
  • 317 Center for Nutrition and Health Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico
  • 318 Center for Poplulation Health Research, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico
  • 319 Department of Population Health Monitoring and Analysis, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico
  • 320 Director General, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico
  • 321 Health and Nutrition Research Center, National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico
  • 322 National Institute of Public Health, Cuernavaca, Mexico
  • 323 Department of Midwifery, Adigrat University, Adigrat, Ethiopia
  • 324 Department of Pharmacy, Adigrat University, Adigrat, Ethiopia
  • 325 Department of Public Health, Adigrat University, Adigrat, Ethiopia
  • 326 College of Medicine and Health Science, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
  • 327 Department of Midwifery, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
  • 328 Department of Nursing, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
  • 329 Department of Public Health, Arba Minch University, Arba Minch, Ethiopia
  • 330 College of Medicine and Health Science, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  • 331 Department of Adult Health Nursing, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  • 332 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  • 333 Department of Health System and Health Economics, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  • 334 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  • 335 Department of Midwifery, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  • 336 Department of Nursing, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  • 337 Department of Reproductive Health and Population Studies, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  • 338 School of Health Sciences, Department of Surgical Nursing, Bahir Dar University, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia
  • 339 College of Medicine, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 340 Department of Cardiac Sciences, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 341 Internal Medicine Departmen, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 342 Pediatric Intensive Care Unit, King Saud University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 343 Department of Family and Community Health, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana
  • 344 Department of Health Policy Planning and Management, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana
  • 345 Institute of Health Research, University of Health and Allied Sciences, Ho, Ghana
  • 346 Department of Biotechnology, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • 347 Department of Information Systems, College of Economics and Political Science, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Oman
  • 348 Directorate for Social Statistics and Population Census, Italian National Institute of Statistics, Rome, Italy
  • 349 Health Services Management Department, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
  • 350 Institute for Prevention of Non-communicable Diseases, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
  • 351 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Qazvin University of Medical Sciences, Qazvin, Iran
  • 352 Department of Health Care Management and Economics, Urmia University of Medical Science, Urmia, Iran
  • 353 Department of Public Health, Urmia University of Medical Science, Urmia, Iran
  • 354 Infectious and Tropical Disease Research Center, Bandar Abbas, Iran
  • 355 Hormozgan University of Medical Sciences, Bandar Abbas, Iran
  • 356 Department of Health Policy and Management, Kuwait University, Safat, Kuwait
  • 357 International Centre for Casemix and Clinical Coding, National University of Malaysia, Bandar Tun Razak, Malaysia
  • 358 Bordeaux School of Public Health, University of Bordeaux, Bordeaux, France
  • 359 Division of Gastroenterology & Hepatology, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
  • 360 Epidemiology, Biostatistics and Occupational Health, McGill University, Montreal, QC, Canada
  • 361 Department of Epidemiology, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
  • 362 Department of Pediatrics, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
  • 363 Health Services Management Department, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
  • 364 Occupational Health Department, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Arak, Iran
  • 365 Physiotherapy Department, The University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
  • 366 Epidemiology Department, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
  • 367 Medical Research Center, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
  • 368 Jazan University, Jazan, Saudi Arabia
  • 369 Department of Parasitology, Sana'a University, Sana'a, Yemen
  • 370 Research Program of Epidemiology and Public Health, Pompeu Fabra University, Barcelona, Spain
  • 371 Department of Experimental and Health Sciences, Madrid, Spain
  • 372 Biomedical Research Networking Center in Epidemiology and Public Health, Madrid, Spain
  • 373 Department of Community Medicine, King Abdulaziz University, Jeddah, Saudi Arabia
  • 374 Institute for Immunological Research, University of Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia
  • 375 Research Group in Health Economics, University of Cartagena, Cartagena, Colombia
  • 376 Research Group in Hospital Management and Health Policies, Universidad de la Costa, Barranquilla, Colombia
  • 377 Department of Economic Sciences, University of the Coast, Barranquilla, Colombia
  • 378 Colombian National Health Observatory, National Institute of Health, Bogota, Colombia
  • 379 Department of Public Health Research, National Institute of Health, Bogota, Colombia
  • 380 Department of Biostatistics, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
  • 381 Department of Epidemiology, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
  • 382 Department of Microbiology and Immunology, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
  • 383 Department of Nursing, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
  • 384 Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
  • 385 Department of Pharmacology, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
  • 386 Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
  • 387 Department of Pharmacy, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
  • 388 Department of Reproductive Health, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
  • 389 School of Pharmacy, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
  • 390 School of Public Health, Mekelle University, Mekelle, Ethiopia
  • 391 Adelaide Medical School, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
  • 392 Centre for Heart Rhythm Disorders, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
  • 393 Robinson Research Institute, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
  • 394 School of Medicine, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
  • 395 School of Public Health, University of Adelaide, Adelaide, SA, Australia
  • 396 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila, Philippines
  • 397 Department of Health Policy and Administration, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila, Philippines
  • 398 Department of Nutrition, University of the Philippines Manila, Manila, Philippines
  • 399 Center for Clinical Global Health Education, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States
  • 400 Department of Cardiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States
  • 401 Department of Epidemiology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States
  • 402 Department of Health Policy and Management, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States
  • 403 Department of Pathology, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States
  • 404 Department of Radiology and Radiological Science, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States
  • 405 School of Advanced International Studies, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States
  • 406 School of Public Health, Johns Hopkins University, Baltimore, MD, United States
  • 407 Maternal and Child Wellbeing, African Population and Health Research Center, Nairobi, Kenya
  • 408 Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
  • 409 Saw Swee Hock School of Public Health, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
  • 410 Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore, Singapore
  • 411 Department of Public Health, Samara University, Samara, Ethiopia
  • 412 Cardiology Department, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  • 413 Department of Anatomy and Embryology, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  • 414 Department of General Surgery, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  • 415 Department of Infectious Diseases, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  • 416 Department of Internal Medicine, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  • 417 Department of Legal Medicine and Bioethics, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  • 418 Pharmacy Department, Carol Davila University of Medicine and Pharmacy, Bucharest, Romania
  • 419 ARC Centre of Excellence for Children and Families over the Life Course, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 420 Center for Youth Substance Abuse Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 421 Centre for Sensorimotor Performance, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 422 Institute for Social Science Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 423 Queensland Brain Institute, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 424 Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 425 School of Dentistry, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 426 School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 427 School of Public Health, The University of Queensland, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 428 Neurology Department, Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 429 Department of Statistics and Econometrics, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania
  • 430 Management Department, Bucharest University of Economic Studies, Bucharest, Romania
  • 431 Department of Medicine, University of Thessaly, Volos, Greece
  • 432 School of Health and Related Research, University of Sheffield, Sheffield, United Kingdom
  • 433 Razi Vaccine and Serum Research Institute, Tehran, Iran
  • 434 Medical Students Research Committee, Shahed University, Tehran, Iran
  • 435 Dietary Supplements and Probiotic Research Center, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
  • 436 School of Medicine, Alborz University of Medical Sciences, Karaj, Iran
  • 437 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
  • 438 Health Promotion Research Center, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
  • 439 Research Center on Public Health, University of Milan Bicocca, Monza, Italy
  • 440 School of Medicine and Surgery, University of Milan Bicocca, Monza, Italy
  • 441 Department of Applied Social Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
  • 442 School of Nursing, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China
  • 443 Agribusiness Study Program, Sebelas Maret University, Surakarta, Indonesia
  • 444 Department of Environmental Health, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  • 445 Department of Immunology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  • 446 Department of Medical Mycology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  • 447 Department of Medical Parasitology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  • 448 Department of Parasitology, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  • 449 Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  • 450 Health Sciences Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  • 451 Molecular and Cell Biology Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  • 452 Pediatric Infectious Diseases Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  • 453 Toxoplasmosis Research Center, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran
  • 454 Department of Parasitology, Iranshahr University of Medical Sciences, Iranshahr, Iran
  • 455 College of Medicine, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 456 Department of Pathology, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 457 Department of Public Health, Imam Mohammad Ibn Saud Islamic University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 458 Department of Sociology and Social Work, Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi, Ghana
  • 459 Center for International Health, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
  • 460 Institute for Stroke and Dementia Research, Ludwig Maximilians University, Munich, Germany
  • 461 Cardiovascular Diseases Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
  • 462 Faculty of Medicine, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
  • 463 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Birjand University of Medical Sciences, Birjand, Iran
  • 464 Department of Nursing, Wolaita Sodo University, Wolaita Sodo, Ethiopia
  • 465 Department of Public Health, Birmingham City University, Birmingham, United Kingdom
  • 466 Regional Centre for the Analysis of Data on Occupational and Work-related Injuries and Diseases, Local Health Unit Tuscany Centre, Florence, Italy
  • 467 Public Health and Healthcare Management, Tashkent Institute of Postgraduate Medical Education, Tashkent, Uzbekistan
  • 468 Boston Children's Hospital, Boston, MA, United States
  • 469 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Saveh University of Medical Sciences, Saveh, Iran
  • 470 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Yasuj University of Medical Sciences, Yasuj, Iran
  • 471 School of Health and Social Studies, Dalarna University, Falun, Sweden
  • 472 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, Swiss Tropical and Public Health Institute, Basel, Switzerland
  • 473 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
  • 474 University of Basel, Basel, Switzerland
  • 475 Monitoring Evaluation and Operational Research Project, Abt Associates Nepal, Lalitpur, Nepal
  • 476 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
  • 477 General Education Department, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
  • 478 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
  • 479 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
  • 480 Student Research Committee, Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
  • 481 Babol University of Medical Sciences, Babol, Iran
  • 482 Department of Plastic Surgery, University of Texas, Houston, TX, United States
  • 483 Department of Epidemiology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • 484 Department of Healthcare Management and Education, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • 485 Department of Parasitology and Mycology, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • 486 Epilepsy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • 487 Health Human Resources Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • 488 Health Policy Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • 489 Non-communicable Disease Research Center, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  • 490 Neurology Department, Thomas Jefferson University, Philadelphia, PA, United States
  • 491 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
  • 492 Department of Immunology, Zanjan University of Medical Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
  • 493 Faculty of Nursing, Philadelphia University, Amman, Jordan
  • 494 D.Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital and Research Centre, D.Y. Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, India
  • 495 Department of Social Welfare, Keimyung University, Daegu, South Korea
  • 496 Department of Health Sciences, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
  • 497 School of Business, University of Leicester, Leicester, United Kingdom
  • 498 Gastro-enterology Department, University of Liège, Liège, Belgium
  • 499 Epidemiological and Clinical Research, Bénin Clinical Research Institute (IRCB), Abomey-Calavi, Benin
  • 500 Epidemiology and Clinical Research, Foundation for Scientific Research (FORS), Cotonou, Benin
  • 501 Centre for Alcohol Policy Research (CAPR), La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 502 Department of Public Health, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 503 School of Nursing and Midwifery, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 504 The Judith Lumley Centre, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 505 Department of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia
  • 506 School of Physiotherapy and Exercise Science, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia
  • 507 School of Public Health, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia
  • 508 Global Adolescent Health Group, Burnet Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 509 Wardliparingga Aboriginal Research Unit, South Australian Health and Medical Research Institute, Adelaide, SA, Australia
  • 510 Centre for Bio Cultural Studies (CBiCS), Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, India
  • 511 Department of Community Medicine, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, India
  • 512 Department of Forensic Medicine, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, India
  • 513 Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, India
  • 514 Department of Health Information Management, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, India
  • 515 Department of Health Policy, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, India
  • 516 Department of Internal Medicine, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, India
  • 517 Kasturba Medical College, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, India
  • 518 Manipal College of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, India
  • 519 Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Mangalore, India
  • 520 Centre for Surveillance and Applied Research, Public Health Agency of Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada
  • 521 Public Health Risk Sciences Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada
  • 522 Substance Related Harms Division, Public Health Agency of Canada, Toronto, ON, Canada
  • 523 Centre for Global Child Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
  • 524 Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
  • 525 Department of Medicine, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
  • 526 Department of Nutritional Sciences, University of Toronto, Toronto, ON, Canada
  • 527 Department of Forensic Science, Government Institute of Forensic Science, Nagpur, India
  • 528 Chemistry Department, Sharif University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
  • 529 Department of Ophthalmology, University Hospital of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece
  • 530 Institute of Molecular Biology & Biotechnology, Foundation for Research & Technology, Ioannina, Greece
  • 531 Unit of Biochemistry, Sultan Zainal Abidin University, Kuala Terengganu, Malaysia
  • 532 Centre for Community Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
  • 533 Department of Paediatrics, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
  • 534 Department of Psychiatry, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
  • 535 Department of Radiation Oncology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi, India
  • 536 Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India
  • 537 Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India
  • 538 Department of Forensic Medicine and Toxicology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Jodhpur, India
  • 539 Department of Community Medicine and Family Medicine, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhopal, India
  • 540 Department of Anesthesiology, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • 541 Department of Cardiology, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • 542 Department of Neuroscience, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • 543 Department of Physiology, Hamedan University of Medical Sciences, Hamadan, Iran
  • 544 Department of Demography, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 545 Department of Psychiatry, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 546 School of Economics and Business, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 547 University Medical Center Groningen, University of Groningen, Groningen, Netherlands
  • 548 Population Research Centre, Institute for Social and Economic Change, Bengaluru, India
  • 549 Department of Environmental Health, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
  • 550 Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
  • 551 Department of Medical Microbiology, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
  • 552 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
  • 553 School of Pharmacy, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
  • 554 School of Public Health, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia
  • 555 Department of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, Netherlands
  • 556 Department of Psychology and Neurosciences, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, Netherlands
  • 557 National Institute for Stroke and Applied Neurosciences, Auckland University of Technology, Auckland, Netherlands
  • 558 Epidemiology Department, Local Health Authority of Florence, Firenze, Italy
  • 559 Department of Psychology, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC, Australia
  • 560 Institute for Physical Activity and Nutrition, Deakin University, Burwood, VIC, Australia
  • 561 Department of Prevention, USL Tuscany Center, Florence, Italy
  • 562 Department of Hypertension, Medical University of Lodz, Lodz, Poland
  • 563 Polish Mothers' Memorial Hospital Research Institute, Lodz, Poland
  • 564 School of Health Sciences, Walden University, Minneapolis, MN, United States
  • 565 Department of Non-communicable Diseases, Bangladesh University of Health Sciences, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • 566 Department of Neurosciences, Costa Rican Department of Social Security, San Jose, Costa Rica
  • 567 School of Medicine, University of Costa Rica, San Pedro, Costa Rica
  • 568 School of Psychology, University of Auckland, Auckland, Netherlands
  • 569 Department of Ophthalmology, Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany
  • 570 Heidelberg Institute of Global Health (HIGH), Heidelberg University, Heidelberg, Germany
  • 571 Department of Industrial Engineering, Pontifical Javeriana University, Bogota, Colombia
  • 572 School of Public Health and Community Medicine, Aden College, Aden, Yemen
  • 573 Barcelona Institute for Global Health, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
  • 574 Research Unit, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain
  • 575 Catalan Institution for Research and Advanced Studies (ICREA), Barcelona, Spain
  • 576 Department of Primary Care and Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 577 Department of Surgery and Cancer, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 578 Division of Brain Sciences, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 579 Imperial College Business School, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 580 School of Public Health, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 581 WHO Collaborating Centre for Public Health Education and Training, Imperial College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 582 Department of Psychiatry, University of Münster, Münster, Germany
  • 583 Institute for Epidemiology and Social Medicine, University of Münster, Münster, Germany
  • 584 Department of Psychiatry, Melbourne Medical School, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 585 Department of Public Health, Ambo University, Ambo, Ethiopia
  • 586 Department of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States
  • 587 Gillings School of Global Public Health, University of North Carolina Chapel Hill, Chapel Hill, NC, United States
  • 588 Department of Community Medicine, Gandhi Medical College Bhopal, Bhopal, India
  • 589 Department of Environmental Health Sciences, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy
  • 590 Department of Neuroscience, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy
  • 591 Department of Oncology, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy
  • 592 Laboratory of Neurological Disorders, Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy
  • 593 Mario Negri Institute for Pharmacological Research, Milan, Italy
  • 594 Department of Public Health, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
  • 595 Razi Herbal Medicines Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
  • 596 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, Iran
  • 597 Department of Neurology, University Hospital of Dijon, Dijon, France
  • 598 Dijon Stroke Registry - UFR Sciences Santé, University of Burgundy, Dijon, France
  • 599 Department of Public Health, Wollega University, Nekemte, Ethiopia
  • 600 School of the Environment, Yale University, New Haven, CT, United States
  • 601 Department of Medicine, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada
  • 602 Big Data Institute, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 603 Centre for Tropical Medicine and Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 604 Department of Zoology, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 605 Malaria Atlas Project, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 606 Medical Research Council Population Health Research Unit, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 607 Nuffield Department of Medicine, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 608 Nuffield Department of Population Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 609 Nuffield Department of Surgical Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 610 The George Institute for Global Health, University of Oxford, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 611 Center for Clinical and Epidemiological Research, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 612 Department of Internal Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 613 Department of Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 614 Department of Pathology and Legal Medicine, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 615 Department of Psychiatry, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 616 Division of Ophthalmology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 617 Laboratory of Genetics and Molecular Cardiology, University of São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil
  • 618 Heart and Vascular Center, Essentia Health, Duluth, MN, United States
  • 619 Department of Medicine, Medical College of Georgia at Augusta University, Augusta, GA, United States
  • 620 Department of Twin Research and Genetic Epidemiology, King's College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 621 Faculty of Dentistry, Oral & Craniofacial Sciences, King's College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 622 Faculty of Life Sciences and Medicine, King's College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 623 Institute for Population Health, King's College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 624 School of Population Health and Environmental Sciences, King's College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 625 St John's Institute of Dermatology, King's College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 626 Unit for Population-Based Dermatology Research, King's College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 627 Department of Pediatrics, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, United States
  • 628 Division of Cardiology, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
  • 629 Hubert Department of Global Health, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
  • 630 Rollins School of Public Health, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
  • 631 Department of Internal Medicine, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
  • 632 Department of Medical Microbiology & Immunology, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
  • 633 Institute of Public Health, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, United Arab Emirates University, Al Ain, United Arab Emirates
  • 634 Department of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
  • 635 Department of Social and Clinical Pharmacy, Charles University, Prague, Czech Republic
  • 636 Institutes of Applied Health Research and Translational Medicine, Queen Elizabeth Hospital Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
  • 637 Institute of Applied Health Research, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
  • 638 Institute of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, University of Birmingham, Birmingham, United Kingdom
  • 639 Public Health Research Laboratory, Tribhuvan University, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • 640 Department of Community Medicine, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, India
  • 641 Global Evidence Synthesis Initiative, Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha, India
  • 642 Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Massachusetts Medical School, Springfield, MA, United States
  • 643 Department of Statistical and Computational Genomics, National Institute of Biomedical Genomics, Kalyani, India
  • 644 Department of Statistics, University of Calcutta, Kolkata, India
  • 645 Department of Global Health, Global Institute for Interdisciplinary Studies, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • 646 Centre of Excellence in Women & Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • 647 Department of Medicine, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • 648 Division of Women and Child Health, Aga Khan University, Karachi, Pakistan
  • 649 Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • 650 Health Economics and Outcomes Research, Creativ-Ceutical, London, United Kingdom
  • 651 National Centre for Epidemiology and Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
  • 652 Research School of Population Health, Australian National University, Canberra, ACT, Australia
  • 653 Department of Clinical Pharmacy and Pharmacology, University of Dhaka, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • 654 Department “G.F.Ingrassia”, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
  • 655 Department of Biomedical and Biotechnological Sciences, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
  • 656 Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
  • 657 Department of General Surgery and Medical-Surgical Specialties, University of Catania, Catania, Italy
  • 658 Ethiopian Public Health Institute, Adis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 659 Department of Nursing, Debre Tabor University, Debretabor, Ethiopia
  • 660 Global Health Division, Research Triangle Institute International, Research Triangle Park, NC, United States
  • 661 National Institute of Health Research Nottingham Biomedical Research Centre, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
  • 662 School of Medicine, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, United Kingdom
  • 663 Center for International Health (CIH) and Bergen Center for Ethics and Priority Setting (BCEPS), University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
  • 664 Department of Global Public Health and Primary Care, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
  • 665 Department of Psychosocial Science, University of Bergen, Bergen, Norway
  • 666 Cancer Registry of Norway, Oslo, Norway
  • 667 European & Developing Countries Clinical Trials Partnership, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 668 Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 669 Hatter Institute Department of Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 670 School of Public Health and Family Medicine, University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa
  • 671 Department of Biology, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 672 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 673 Tehran Medical Sciences Branch, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 674 Young Researchers and Elite Club, Islamic Azad University, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 675 Department of Computer Science and Information Technology, Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences, Zanjan, Iran
  • 676 Department of Research and Innovation, Petanux Research GmBH, Bonn, Germany
  • 677 Department of Biomedical Sciences, Nazarbayev University, Nur-Sultan City, Kazakhstan
  • 678 Department of Epidemiology and Psychosocial Research, Ramón de la Fuente Muñiz National Institute of Psychiatry, Mexico City, Mexico
  • 679 Transport Global Practice, World Bank, Washington, DC, United States
  • 680 Vision and Eye Research Unit, Anglia Ruskin University, Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • 681 Department of Public Health and Primary Care, University of Cambridge, Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • 682 Department of Psychology, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States
  • 683 James Cancer Hospital, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States
  • 684 Psychiatry and Behavioral Health Department, Ohio State University, Columbus, OH, United States
  • 685 Institute for Medical Information Processing, Biometry, and Epidemiology, Ludwig Maximilian University of Munich, Munich, Germany
  • 686 Institute of Epidemiology, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany
  • 687 Division of Clinical Epidemiology and Aging Research, German Cancer Research Center, Heidelberg, Germany
  • 688 Institute of Medicine, RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 689 European Office for the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases, World Health Organization (WHO), Geneva, Switzerland
  • 690 Department of Epidemiology and Evidence Based Medicine, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 691 Department of Epidemiology and Evidence-Based Medicine, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 692 N. A. Semashko Department of Public Health and Healthcare, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 693 Department of Biomedical Technologies, Bauman Moscow State Technical University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 694 Neuroscience Unit, Institute for Scientific Research and High Technology Services, Panama City, Panama
  • 695 Gorgas Memorial Institute for Health Studies, Panama, Panama
  • 696 Monash Department of Clinical Epidemiology at Cabrini Hospital, Cabrini Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 697 Population Studies Division, Health Canada, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  • 698 Department of Community Medicine, Employee State Insurance Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Bengalore, India
  • 699 Department of Health Care Management, Technical University of Berlin, Berlin, Germany
  • 700 School of Public Health and Health Systems, University of Waterloo, Waterloo, ON, Canada
  • 701 Al Shifa School of Public Health, Al Shifa Trust Eye Hospital, Rawalpindi, Pakistan
  • 702 Institute of Microengineering, Federal Polytechnic School of Lausanne, Lausanne, Switzerland
  • 703 Department of Sociology, University of Macau, Macau, China
  • 704 Department of Psychology, University of Macau, Macau, China
  • 705 School of Public Health and Administration, Peruvian University Cayetano Heredia, Lima, Peru
  • 706 Internal Medicine Department, Hospital Italiano de Buenos Aires, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 707 Board of Directors, Argentine Society of Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 708 Argentine Society of Medicine, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 709 School of Medicine, University of the Valley of Cuernavaca, Cuernavaca, Mexico
  • 710 Centre for Population Health Sciences, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore
  • 711 Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine, Nanyang Technological University, Singapore, Singapore
  • 712 Department of Health Care, Metropolitan Autonomous University, Mexico City, Mexico
  • 713 Oncological Network, Prevention and Research Institute, Mexico City, Mexico
  • 714 Institute for Cancer Research, Prevention and Clinical Network, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
  • 715 Associated Laboratory for Green Chemistry (LAQV), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
  • 716 Center for Health Technology and Services Research, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
  • 717 Department of Chemical Sciences, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
  • 718 Department of Chemistry, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
  • 719 Department of Clinical Neurosciences and Mental Health, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
  • 720 Institute for Research and Innovation in Health, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
  • 721 Institute of Biomedical Engineering (INEB), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
  • 722 Laboratory of Toxicology, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
  • 723 Research Unit on Applied Molecular Biosciences (UCIBIO), University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
  • 724 University Hospital Center of Porto, University of Porto, Porto, Portugal
  • 725 Epidemiology and Public Health Evaluation Group, National University of Colombia, Bogota, Colombia
  • 726 Department of Medicine, University of Udine, Udine, Italy
  • 727 Department of Mental Health, Healthcare Agency “Friuli Occidentale”, Pordenone, Italy
  • 728 National School of Public Health, Institute of Health Carlos III, Madrid, Spain
  • 729 Clinical Epidemiology Program, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  • 730 Department of Medicine, Ottawa Hospital Research Institute, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  • 731 Mary MacKillop Institute for Health Research, Australian Catholic University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 732 Centre for Suicide Research and Prevention, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
  • 733 Department of Social Work and Social Administration, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
  • 734 Department of Urban Planning and Design, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
  • 735 School of Public Health, University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong, China
  • 736 College of Medicine, National Taiwan University, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 737 Department of Nursing, National Taiwan University Hospital, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 738 Kidney Health Research Institute, Geisinger Health System, Danville, PA, United States
  • 739 Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences, University of Colorado, Boulder, CO, United States
  • 740 Chemical Sciences Division, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Earth System Research Laboratory, Boulder, CO, United States
  • 741 Research Department, D.Y. Patil University, Pune, India
  • 742 Institute of Industrial Ecological Science, University of Occupational and Environmental Health, Kitakyushu, Japan
  • 743 Department of Public Health, Administration, and Social Sciences, Cayetano Heredia University, Lima, Peru
  • 744 Biomedical Informatics, Seoul National University Hospital, Seoul, South Korea
  • 745 Bispebjerg Hospital, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 746 Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 747 Faculty of Biology, Hanoi National University of Education, Hanoi, Viet Nam
  • 748 Department of Epidemiology and Public Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 749 Department of Health Informatics, University College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 750 Division of Psychology and Language Sciences, University College London, London, UK, University College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 751 Ear Institute, University College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 752 Great Ormond Street Institute of Child Health, University College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 753 Health Data Research UK, London, United Kingdom
  • 754 Department of Otolaryngology, Wayne State University, Detroit, MI, United States
  • 755 Department of Public Health, University of Naples Federico II, Naples, Italy
  • 756 Department of Key Questions and International Cooperation, North Rhine-Westphalia (NRW) Centre for Health, Bochum, Germany
  • 757 Bielefeld School of Public Health, Bielefeld University, Bielefeld, Germany
  • 758 Health Effects Institute, Boston, MA, United States
  • 759 National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Chemical Sciences Laboratory, Boulder, CO, United States
  • 760 Institute of Clinical Physiology, National Research Council, Padova, Italy
  • 761 Institute of Neuroscience, National Research Council, Padova, Italy
  • 762 Department of Preventive and Social Dentistry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • 763 Department of Psychiatry, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • 764 Postgraduate Program in Epidemiology, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • 765 Department of Psychology, University of the Free State, Park West, South Africa
  • 766 Epidemiology, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 767 WHO Collaborating Centre for Viral Hepatitis, The Peter Doherty Institute for Infection and Immunity, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 768 Asbestos Diseases Research Institute, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 769 Faculty of Medicine and Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 770 Institute of Bone and Joint Research, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 771 Pain Management Research Institute (PMRI), University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 772 Sydney Medical School, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 773 Sydney School of Public Health, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 774 University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 775 Center for Translation Research and Implementation Science, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States
  • 776 National Human Genome Research Institute (NHGRI), National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States
  • 777 Office of the Director, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD, United States
  • 778 Department of Cardiology, Central South University, Changsha, China
  • 779 Department of Epidemiology and Health Statistics, Central South University, Changsha, China
  • 780 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, York University, Toronto, ON, Canada
  • 781 College of Environmental Sciences and Engineering, Peking University, Beijing, China
  • 782 Faculty of Medicine, Eduardo Mondlane University, Maputos, Mozambique
  • 783 Clinical Dermatology, IRCCS Istituto Ortopedico Galeazzi, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
  • 784 Department of Clinical Sciences and Community Health, University of Milan, Milan, Italy
  • 785 Department of Dermatology, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States
  • 786 Department of Nutrition and Preventive Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, OH, United States
  • 787 Department of Research, Public Health Foundation of India, Gurugram, India
  • 788 Health Policy Research, Public Health Foundation of India, Gurugram, India
  • 789 Indian Institute of Public Health, Public Health Foundation of India, Gurugram, India
  • 790 Public Health Foundation of India, Gurugram, India
  • 791 Department of Clinical Toxicology, Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
  • 792 St John's Institute of Dermatology, Guy's and St. Thomas' NHS Foundation Trust, London, United Kingdom
  • 793 College of Law and Political Science, University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq
  • 794 Department of Computer Science, University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq
  • 795 Department of Information Technology, University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq
  • 796 Department of Political Science, University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq
  • 797 Diplomacy and Public Relations Department, University of Human Development, Sulaymaniyah, Iraq
  • 798 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC, United States
  • 799 James P Grant School of Public Health, BRAC University, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • 800 Central University Tami Nadu, Thiruvarur, India
  • 801 Department of Global Health and Infection, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton, United Kingdom
  • 802 Wellcome Trust Brighton and Sussex Centre for Global Health Research, Brighton and Sussex Medical School, Brighton, United Kingdom
  • 803 Department of Nursing and Midwifery, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 804 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 805 School of Public Health, Addis Ababa University, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
  • 806 Department of Population and Development, Latin American Faculty of Social Sciences Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
  • 807 Department of Surgery, Clinical Emergency Hospital Sf. Pantelimon, Bucharest, Romania
  • 808 Health Research Institute, Al Farabi Kazakh National University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • 809 Department of Dermatology, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO, United States
  • 810 School of Public Health, University of Colorado Denver, Aurora, CO, United States
  • 811 Department of Nursing, Aksum University, Aksum, Ethiopia
  • 812 School of Pharmacy, Aksum University, Aksum, Ethiopia
  • 813 Department of Public Health, Wachemo University, Hossana, Ethiopia
  • 814 St Paul's Eye Unit, Royal Liverpool University Hospital, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • 815 1st Department of Ophthalmology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • 816 Department of Ophthalmology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki, Greece
  • 817 Division of Cardiology, Atlanta Veterans Affairs Medical Center, Decatur, GA, United States
  • 818 Health, Nutrition, and HIV/AIDS Program, Save the Children, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • 819 National Centre for AIDS and STD Control, Save the Children, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • 820 Department of Community Medicine, University of Peradeniya, Peradeniya, Sri Lanka
  • 821 Department of Microbiology, Far Western University, Mahendranagar, Nepal
  • 822 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
  • 823 Ophthalmic Epidemiology Research Center, Shahroud University of Medical Sciences, Shahroud, Iran
  • 824 Center of Complexity Sciences, National Autonomous University of Mexico, Mexico City, Mexico
  • 825 Faculty of Veterinary Medicine and Zootechnics, Autonomous University of Sinaloa, Culiacan Rosales, Mexico
  • 826 Swedish Family Medicine - First Hill, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 827 Development of Research and Technology Center, Ministry of Health and Medical Education, Tehran, Iran
  • 828 Center of Excellence in Behavioral Medicine, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
  • 829 Center of Excellence in Public Health Nutrition, Nguyen Tat Thanh University, Ho Chi Minh City, Viet Nam
  • 830 Department of Social Medicine and Health Care Organisation, Medical University of Varna, Varna, Bulgaria
  • 831 Department of Population and Health, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana
  • 832 Department of Health Sciences, University of Tampere, Tampere, Finland
  • 833 Mahidol-Oxford Tropical Medicine Research Unit, Bangkok, Thailand
  • 834 Urban Indian Health Institute, Seattle Indian Health Board, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 835 School of Medicine, Western Sydney University, Sydney, VIC, Australia
  • 836 School of Social Sciences and Psychology, Western Sydney University, Sydney, VIC, Australia
  • 837 Translational Health Research Institute, Western Sydney University, Sydney, VIC, Australia
  • 838 Department of Psychology, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 839 Health Sciences, Royal Melbourne Institute of Technology University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 840 Department of Pediatric and Preventive Dentistry, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  • 841 Faculty of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  • 842 Faculty of Medicine Institute of Epidemiology, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  • 843 Institute of Microbiology and Immunology, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  • 844 School of Medicine, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  • 845 School of Public Health and Health Management, University of Belgrade, Belgrade, Serbia
  • 846 Institute of Collective Health, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil
  • 847 School of Medicine, Federal University of Bahia, Salvador, Brazil
  • 848 Department of Internal Medicine, Escola Bahiana de Medicina e Saúde Pública, Salvador, Brazil
  • 849 Department of Social Services, Tufts Medical Center, Boston, MA, United States
  • 850 Department of Epidemiology, Florida International University, Miami, FL, United States
  • 851 Department of Nursing, Umeå University, Umea, Sweden
  • 852 Centre Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia
  • 853 Discipline of General Practice, University of Newcastle, Newcastle, NSW, Australia
  • 854 Department of Ophthalmology and Visual Sciences, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
  • 855 Department of Systems, Populations, and Leadership, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
  • 856 Institute for Health Care Policy and Innovation, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
  • 857 Medical School, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI, United States
  • 858 Biomedical Informatics and Medical Statistics Department, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
  • 859 Pediatric Dentistry and Dental Public Health Department, Alexandria University, Alexandria, Egypt
  • 860 Department of Clinical Pathology, Mansoura University, Mansoura, Egypt
  • 861 Department of Public Health, Abu Dhabi University, Khalifa City, United Arab Emirates
  • 862 Department of Psychiatry, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States
  • 863 Division of Cardiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, Boston, MA, United States
  • 864 Eijkman-Oxford Clinical Research Unit, Eijkman Institute for Molecular Biology, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 865 Psychiatric Epidemiology and Burden of Disease Research, Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 866 West Moreton Hospital Health Service, Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 867 Queensland Centre for Mental Health Research, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 868 Department of Health Management, Policy, and Economics, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • 869 Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • 870 HIV/STI Surveillance Research Center, and WHO Collaborating Center for HIV Surveillance, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • 871 Health Services Management Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • 872 Pharmaceutics Research Center, Kerman University of Medical Sciences, Kerman, Iran
  • 873 Department of Anatomical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
  • 874 Department of Clinical Biochemistry, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
  • 875 Department of Parasitology and Entomology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
  • 876 Department of Physiology, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran
  • 877 Department of Healthcare Management, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran
  • 878 Department of Microbiology, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran
  • 879 Department of Nutrition and Food Sciences, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran
  • 880 Department of Public Health, Maragheh University of Medical Sciences, Maragheh, Iran
  • 881 Division of Cancer Epidemiology and Genetics, National Cancer Institute, Bethesda, MD, United States
  • 882 School of Nursing, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
  • 883 Unit of Medical Physiology, Hawassa University, Hawassa, Ethiopia
  • 884 Independent Consultant, Awka, Nigeria
  • 885 International Institute for Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan, Nigeria
  • 886 Dissemination Division, National Institute of Statistics, Lisbon, Portugal
  • 887 Activity Planning and Control Unit, Directorate-General of Health (DGS), Lisbon, Portugal
  • 888 Department of Medical and Surgical Sciences, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy
  • 889 Department of Biology and Biotechnology “Lazzaro Spallanzani”, University of Pavia, Pavia, Italy
  • 890 Department of Biology, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Erbil, Iraq
  • 891 Department of Forestry, Salahaddin University-Erbil, Erbil, Iraq
  • 892 Department of Psychology, Federal University of Sergipe, São Cristóvão, Brazil
  • 893 Division of Neurology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  • 894 School of Epidemiology and Public Health, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  • 895 School of International Development and Global Studies, University of Ottawa, Ottawa, ON, Canada
  • 896 Division of Research, Kaiser Permanente, Fontana, CA, United States
  • 897 Psychiatry Department, Kaiser Permanente, Fontana, CA, United States
  • 898 School of Health Sciences, A.T. Still University, Mesa, AZ, United States
  • 899 Institute of Gerontological Health Services and Nursing Research, Ravensburg-Weingarten University of Applied Sciences, Weingarten, Germany
  • 900 Sergio Arouca National School of Public Health, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
  • 901 Federal University of Espírito Santo, Vitória, Brazil
  • 902 Institute of Gerontology, National Academy of Medical Sciences of Ukraine, Kyiv, Ukraine
  • 903 Department of Child Dental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Nigeria
  • 904 Department of Cell Biology and Biotechnology, Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 905 Department of Global Pediatric Medicine, St Jude Children's Research Hospital, Memphis, TN, United States
  • 906 Abadan Faculty of Medical Sciences, Abadan School of Medical Sciences, Abadan, Iran
  • 907 Department of Family Medicine and Primary Care, University of the Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 908 College of Public Health, Medical, and Veterinary Sciences, James Cook University, Douglas, QLD, Australia
  • 909 Department of Dermatology, Kobe University, Kobe, Japan
  • 910 Department of Cardiovascular Medicine, Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, OH, United States
  • 911 National Center for Disease Control and Public Health, Tbilisi, Georgia
  • 912 Department of Tuberculosis, Manhiça Health Research Center (CISM), Manhiça, Mozambique
  • 913 Viral and Bacterial Infections Research Program, Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Spain
  • 914 Barcelona Institute for Global Health, Barcelona, Spain
  • 915 College of Medicine and Public Health, Flinders University, Adelaide, SA, Australia
  • 916 Telethon Kids Institute, Perth, WA, Australia
  • 917 Institute of Health Research, University of Exeter, Exeter, United Kingdom
  • 918 Research Group for Genomic Epidemiology, Technical University of Denmark, Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 919 Department of Clinical Sciences, Lund University, Malmö, Sweden
  • 920 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States
  • 921 Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States
  • 922 Health Hub, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States
  • 923 Institute for Global Health Sciences, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, CA, United States
  • 924 Department of Cardiovascular Endocrine-metabolic Diseases and Aging, Italian National Institute of Health, Rome, Italy
  • 925 Faculty of Allied Health Sciences, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • 926 University Institute of Public Health, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan
  • 927 Afro-Asian Institute, Lahore, Pakistan
  • 928 Division of Health Sciences, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom
  • 929 Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, United Kingdom
  • 930 Department of Community and Family Medicine, Howard University, Washington, DC, United States
  • 931 Division of General Internal Medicine, Howard University, Washington, DC, United States
  • 932 Family Medicine Research Center, Ministry of Health, Hail, Saudi Arabia
  • 933 Discipline of Public Health Medicine, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
  • 934 University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, South Africa
  • 935 Third Department of Neurology, Research Center of Neurology, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 936 Research Center of Neurology, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 937 Health Systems and Policy Research, Indian Institute of Public Health Gandhinagar, Gandhinagar, India
  • 938 Center for the Studies in Regional Development (CSRD), Jawahar Lal Nehru University, New Delhi, India
  • 939 Department of Computer Science and Software Engineering, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
  • 940 Dobney Hypertension Centre, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
  • 941 Medical School, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
  • 942 UWA Public Policy Institute, University of Western Australia, Perth, WA, Australia
  • 943 Department of Exercise and Health Sciences, University of Massachusetts Boston, Boston, MA, United States
  • 944 Hudson College of Public Health, University of Oklahoma Health Sciences Center, Oklahoma City, OK, United States
  • 945 Department of Health and Social Affairs, Government of the Federated States of Micronesia, Palikir, Federated States of Micronesia
  • 946 Center for Environmental and Health Sciences, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
  • 947 Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hokkaido University, Sapporo, Japan
  • 948 Department of Computer Science, Boston University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 949 Department of Dermatology, Boston University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 950 Department of Global Health, School of Public Health, Boston University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 951 Health Informatic Lab, Boston University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 952 Academic Public Health England, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom
  • 953 Health Improvement Directorate, Public Health England, London, United Kingdom
  • 954 Public Health England, London, United Kingdom
  • 955 Department of Family and Community Medicine, University of Sulaimani, Sulaimani, Iraq
  • 956 Department of Epidemiology, Saint James School of Medicine, The Valley, Anguilla
  • 957 Department of Microbiology, Saint James School of Medicine, The Valley, Anguilla
  • 958 School of Dentistry, State University of Montes Claros, Montes Claros, Brazil
  • 959 Institute of Tropical Pathology and Public Health (IPTSP), Federal University of Goias, Goiânia, Brazil
  • 960 College of Medicine and Health Science, Jigjiga University, Jijiga, Ethiopia
  • 961 Department of Food Science and Nutrition, Jigjiga University, Jijiga, Ethiopia
  • 962 Department of Public Health, Jigjiga University, Jijiga, Ethiopia
  • 963 Department of Epidemiology, Binzhou Medical University, Yantai City, China
  • 964 Department of Community Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences, Sevagram, India
  • 965 Department of Civil Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Kanpur, Kanpur, India
  • 966 Department of Preventive Cardiology, Eternal Heart Care Centre & Research Institute, Jaipur, India
  • 967 Department of Medicine, Mahatma Gandhi University Medical Sciences, Jaipur, India
  • 968 Medical Resources, March of Dimes, Arlington, VA, United States
  • 969 Health Policy, Management and Leadership, West Virginia University School of Public Health, Morgantown, WV, United States
  • 970 Department of Public Health, Erasmus University Medical Center, Rotterdam, Netherlands
  • 971 Clinical Neurological Sciences, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
  • 972 Department of Epidemiology & Biostatistics, The University of Western Ontario, London, ON, Canada
  • 973 Lawson Health Research Institute, London, ON, Canada
  • 974 College of Medicine, Umm AL Qura University, Makkah, Saudi Arabia
  • 975 Department of Family and Community Medicine, Arabian Gulf University, Manama, Bahrain
  • 976 School of Health and Environmental Studies, Hamdan Bin Mohammed Smart University, Dubai, United Arab Emirates
  • 977 Department of Neurology, Sir Charles Gairdner Hospital, Perth, WA, Australia
  • 978 Carlos III Health Institute, Biomedical Research Networking Center for Mental Health Network (CiberSAM), Barcelona, Spain
  • 979 Biomedical Research Networking Center for Mental Health Network (CiberSAM), Barcelona, Spain
  • 980 Department of Zoology and Entomology, Al Azhar University, Cairo, Egypt
  • 981 Biology Department, Utica College, Utica, NY, United States
  • 982 Caspian Digestive Disease Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
  • 983 Department of Environmental Health Engineering, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
  • 984 Gastrointestinal and Liver Diseases Research Center, Guilan University of Medical Sciences, Rasht, Iran
  • 985 Independent Consultant, Tabriz, Iran
  • 986 Skaane University Hospital, Skaane County Council, Malmoe, Sweden
  • 987 International Foundation for Dermatology, London, United Kingdom
  • 988 Institute of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • 989 Department of Pharmacy Administration and Clinical Pharmacy, Xian Jiaotong University, Xian, China
  • 990 Center for Environmental and Respiratory Health Research, University of Oulu, Oulu, Finland
  • 991 Independent Consultant, Santa Clara, CA, United States
  • 992 Department of Public Health, Mizan-Tepi University, Mizan Teferi, Ethiopia
  • 993 School of Business, London South Bank University, London, United Kingdom
  • 994 Department for Health, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
  • 995 Department of Mathematical Sciences, University of Bath, Bath, United Kingdom
  • 996 Hypertension and Kidney Disease Laboratory, Baker Heart and Diabetes Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 997 Department of Epidemiology, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States
  • 998 Department of Health and Behavior Studies, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States
  • 999 Department of Psychiatry, Columbia University, New York, NY, United States
  • 1000 Department of Pediatrics, University of Texas Austin, Austin, TX, United States
  • 1001 Department of Health Economics, Lancaster University, Lancashire, United Kingdom
  • 1002 Metrics and Evaluation, Operation Smile, Virginia Beach, VA, United States
  • 1003 Independent Consultant, Virginia Beach, VA, United States
  • 1004 Department of Pulmonology, Yokohama City University, Yokohama, Japan
  • 1005 Department of Epidemiology and Population Health, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY, United States
  • 1006 Department of Pharmacology, Bangladesh Industrial Gases Limited, Tangail, Bangladesh
  • 1007 Institute for Global Health Innovations, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, Viet Nam
  • 1008 Institute of Research and Development, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, Viet Nam
  • 1009 Faculty of Pharmacy, Duy Tan University, Da Nang, Viet Nam
  • 1010 Clinical Legal Medicine Department, National Institute of Legal Medicine Mina Minovici, Bucharest, Romania
  • 1011 Division of Information and Computing Technology, Hamad Bin Khalifa University, Doha, Qatar
  • 1012 Faculty of Medicine of Tunis, University Tunis El Manar, Tunis, Tunisia
  • 1013 College of Public Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
  • 1014 Department of Health Services Administration, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
  • 1015 Department of Occupational Safety and Health, China Medical University, Taichung, Taiwan
  • 1016 School of Public Health, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou, China
  • 1017 Maternal and Child Health Division, International Centre for Diarrhoeal Disease Research, Bangladesh, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • 1018 Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Shaikh Khalifa Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan Medical College, Lahore, Pakistan
  • 1019 School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Science Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia
  • 1020 Nigerian Field Epidemiology and Laboratory Training Program, African Field Epidemiology Network, Abuja, Nigeria
  • 1021 Department of Public Health and Disease Control, Ministry of Health, Umuahia, Nigeria
  • 1022 International Center for Nutrition and Information, National Institutes of Biomedical Innovation, Health and Nutrition, Tokyo, Japan
  • 1023 Department of Epidemiology, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia
  • 1024 Department of Global Health, Economics and Policy, University of Kragujevac, Kragujevac, Serbia
  • 1025 Division of Community Health and Family Medicine, Bangalore Baptist Hospital, Bangalore, India
  • 1026 College of Public Health, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1027 Graduate Institute of Biomedical Informatics, Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan
  • 1028 Surveillance and Health Services Research, American Cancer Society, Atlanta, GA, United States
  • 1029 Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka University, Suita-city, Japan
  • 1030 Department of Social Medicine, Osaka University, Suita-city, Japan
  • 1031 Department of Biochemistry and Microbiology, University of Fort Hare, Alice, South Africa
  • 1032 Knowledge Translation, Centre for Health Evaluation and Outcome Sciences, Vancouver, BC, Canada
  • 1033 Department of Global and Community Health, George Mason University, Fairfax, VA, United States
  • 1034 Postgraduate Institute of Medicine, University of Colombo, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • 1035 Faculty of Graduate Studies, Institute for Violence and Injury Prevention, Colombo, Sri Lanka
  • 1036 Achutha Menon Centre for Health Science Studies, Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology, Trivandrum, India
  • 1037 Department of Community Medicine, Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College & Hospital, Delhi, India
  • 1038 Department of Community Medicine, Banaras Hindu University, Varanasi, India
  • 1039 Environmental Research Center, Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan, China
  • 1040 Global Health Research Center, Duke Kunshan University, Kunshan, China
  • 1041 Department of Earth Observation Science, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands
  • 1042 Faculty of Geo-Information Science and Earth Observation, University of Twente, Enschede, Netherlands
  • 1043 Renal and Cardiovascular Division, The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, Australia
  • 1044 Research Division, The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, Australia
  • 1045 University of New South Wales, The George Institute for Global Health, Sydney, Australia
  • 1046 Independent Consultant, Eiksmarka, Norway
  • 1047 Beijing Institute of Ophthalmology, Beijing Tongren Hospital, Beijing, China
  • 1048 Faculty of Health and Public Administration, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
  • 1049 Health Services Management Training Centre, Semmelweis University, Budapest, Hungary
  • 1050 Department of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of Opole, Opole, Poland
  • 1051 Institute of Family Medicine and Public Health, University of Tartu, Tartu, Estonia
  • 1052 School of Public Health, University College Cork, Cork, Ireland
  • 1053 Golestan Research Center of Gastroenterology and Hepatology (GRCGH), Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
  • 1054 Gorgan Congenital Malformations Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
  • 1055 Infectious Diseases Research Center, Golestan University of Medical Sciences, Gorgan, Iran
  • 1056 Centre for Therapeutic Target Validation, Wellcome Trust Sanger Institute, Cambridge, United Kingdom
  • 1057 Department of Health Management and System Sciences, University of Louisville, Louisville, KY, United States
  • 1058 Center for Health Equity, Louisville Metro Department of Public Health & Wellness, Louisville, KY, United States
  • 1059 College of Health Sciences, Debre Markos University, Debre Markos, Ethiopia
  • 1060 MRC/CSO Social and Public Health Sciences Unit, University of Glasgow, Glasgow, United Kingdom
  • 1061 Department of Diabetes and Metabolic Diseases, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • 1062 Department of Global Health Policy, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • 1063 Department of Mental Health, University of Tokyo, Tokyo, Japan
  • 1064 International Research Center of Excellence, Institute of Human Virology Nigeria, Abuja, Nigeria
  • 1065 Institute for Risk Assessment Sciences (IRAS), Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1066 Julius Centre for Health Sciences and Primary Care, Utrecht University, Utrecht, Netherlands
  • 1067 Department of Psychiatry, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1068 Open, Distance and eLearning Campus, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1069 School of Economics, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1070 School of Public Health, University of Nairobi, Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1071 Department of Public Health, Jordan University of Science and Technology, Irbid, Jordan
  • 1072 School of Food and Agricultural Sciences, University of Management and Technology, Lahore, Pakistan
  • 1073 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • 1074 Department of Health Policy and Management, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1075 Institute of Health Policy and Management, Seoul National University, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1076 Faculty of Health and Wellbeing, Sheffield Hallam University, Sheffield, United Kingdom
  • 1077 College of Arts and Sciences, Ohio University, Zanesville, OH, United States
  • 1078 The Iranian Academy of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 1079 Department of Nutrition and Health Science, Ball State University, Muncie, IN, United States
  • 1080 Division of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, Clinical Hospital, Porto Alegre, Brazil
  • 1081 Department of Preventive Medicine, Korea University, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1082 Korea University, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1083 Korea Health Industry Development Institute, Cheongju-si, South Korea
  • 1084 School of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Xiamen University Malaysia, Xiamen University Malaysia, Sepang, Malaysia
  • 1085 Cultures, Societies and Global Studies, & Integrated Initiative for Global Health, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 1086 Department of Health Sciences, Northeastern University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 1087 Department of Nutrition, Simmons University, Boston, MA, United States
  • 1088 Faculty of Health, University of Canberra, Canberra, ACT, Australia
  • 1089 College of Medicine, Qatar University, Doha, Qatar
  • 1090 Department of Nursing and Health Promotion, Oslo Metropolitan University, Oslo, Norway
  • 1091 School of Health Sciences, Kristiania University College, Oslo, Norway
  • 1092 Global Community Health and Behavioral Sciences, Tulane University, New Orleans, LA, United States
  • 1093 Department of Health Economics and Social Security, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
  • 1094 Institute of Public Health, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Krakow, Poland
  • 1095 Department of Public Health, University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
  • 1096 University of Helsinki, Helsinki, Finland
  • 1097 Faculty of Dental Sciences, Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences, Karad, India
  • 1098 Centre for Disease Burden, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Bergen, Norway
  • 1099 Division of Mental and Physical Health, Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Bergen, Norway
  • 1100 Norwegian Institute of Public Health, Bergen, Norway
  • 1101 Public Health Sciences Division, Fred Hutchinson Cancer Research Center, Seattle, WA, United States
  • 1102 Global Healthcare Consulting, New Delhi, India
  • 1103 Institute of Health Sciences, Gadong, Brunei Darussalam
  • 1104 Brain Engineering Research Center, Institute for Research in Fundamental Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 1105 Arthritis Research Canada, Richmond, BC, Canada
  • 1106 Independent Consultant, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 1107 Department of Global Health, Vancouver Virology Centre, Vancouver, BC, Canada
  • 1108 Department of Internal and Pulmonary Medicine, Sheri Kashmir Institute of Medical Sciences, Srinagar, India
  • 1109 Biomedical Research Networking Center for Mental Health Network (CIBERSAM), San Juan de Dios Sanitary Park, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Spain
  • 1110 St. John of God Health Park, San Juan de Dios Sanitary Park, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Spain
  • 1111 Department of Anthropology, Panjab University, Chandigarh, India
  • 1112 Department of Psychiatry, Government Medical College Thrissur, Thrissur, India
  • 1113 Kerala University of Health Scinces, Thrissur, India
  • 1114 Department of Demography, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada
  • 1115 Department of Social and Preventive Medicine, University of Montreal, Montreal, QC, Canada
  • 1116 Department of Medical Education and Informatics, Gazi University, Ankara, Turkey
  • 1117 Cancer Institute, Hacettepe University, Ankara, Turkey
  • 1118 Department of Mathematical Demography & Statistics, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India
  • 1119 Department of Public Health and Mortality Studies, International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India
  • 1120 International Institute for Population Sciences, Mumbai, India
  • 1121 Department of Humanities and Social Sciences, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Roorkee, India
  • 1122 Mechanical and Industrial Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology, Roorkee, Roorkee, India
  • 1123 Faculty of Public Health, University of Indonesia, Depok, Indonesia
  • 1124 National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) Oxford Biomedical Research Centre, Oxford, United Kingdom
  • 1125 Department of Community and Family Medicine, University of Baghdad, Baghdad, Iraq
  • 1126 Unit of Genetics and Public Health, Institute of Medical Sciences, Las Tablas, Panama
  • 1127 Unit of Microbiology and Public Health, Institute of Medical Sciences, Las Tablas, Panama
  • 1128 Department of Public Health, Ministry of Health, Herrera, Panama
  • 1129 Ministry of Health, Herrera, Panama
  • 1130 Medical Director, HelpMeSee, New York, NY, United States
  • 1131 General Director, Mexican Institute of Ophthalmology, Queretaro, Mexico
  • 1132 Belo Horizonte City Hall, Municipal Health Department of Belo Horizonte, Belo Horizonte, Brazil
  • 1133 Department of Medical Sciences, Uppsala University, Uppsala, Sweden
  • 1134 Department of Clinical Chemistry and Pharmacology, Uppsala University Hospital, Uppsala, Sweden
  • 1135 Department of Otorhinolaryngology, Father Muller Medical College, Mangalore, India
  • 1136 Department of Neurology and Psychiatry, German Clinic of Santiago, Santiago, Chile
  • 1137 Faculty of Medicine, Univeristy of Development, Santiago, Chile
  • 1138 Centre for Clinical Epidemiology, Jewish General Hospital, Montreal, QC, Canada
  • 1139 College of Optometry, Nova Southeastern University, Fort Lauderdale, FL, United States
  • 1140 School of Pharmacy, Taylor's University Lakeside Campus, Subang Jaya, Malaysia
  • 1141 Neurology, Public Health and Disability Unit, Carlo Besta Neurological Institute IRCCS, Milan, Italy
  • 1142 Department of Sociology, Shenzhen University, Shenzhen, China
  • 1143 Department of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 1144 Department of Medicine and Therapeutics, The Chinese University of Hong Kong, Shatin, China
  • 1145 Asbestos Diseases Research Institute, Concord, NSW, Australia
  • 1146 UCD Centre for Disability Studies, University College Dublin, Dublin, Ireland
  • 1147 School of Public Health, University of Haifa, Haifa, Israel
  • 1148 Department of Dentistry- Quality and Safety of Oral Health Care, Radboud University, Nijmegen, Netherlands
  • 1149 Department of Translational Health Economics, Heidelberg University Hospital, Heidelberg, Germany
  • 1150 National Center for Chronic and Noncommunicable Disease Control and Prevention, Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
  • 1151 Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, Beijing, China
  • 1152 Department of Epidemiology, Brown University, Providence, RI, United States
  • 1153 Department of Basic Medical Sciences, Neuroscience and Sense Organs, University of Bari Aldo Moro, Bari, Italy
  • 1154 Department Clinical Research in Neurology, Fondazione Cardinale Giovanni Panico Hospital, Tricase, Italy
  • 1155 Population Health Sciences, University of Bristol, Bristol, United Kingdom
  • 1156 Alliance for Improving Health Outcomes, Inc., Quezon City, Philippines
  • 1157 Institute of Nutritional Sciences, Friedrich Schiller University Jena, Jena, Germany
  • 1158 Competence Cluster for Nutrition and Cardiovascular Health (nutriCARD), Jena, Germany
  • 1159 Department of General Surgery, Liverpool University Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • 1160 Department of Surgery, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • 1161 Institute of Population Health Sciences, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, United Kingdom
  • 1162 School of Medicine, Swansea University, Swansea, United Kingdom
  • 1163 Center for Integration of Data and Health Knowledge, Oswald Cruz Foundation (FIOCRUZ), Salvador, Brazil
  • 1164 Value-based Healthcare, IRCCS MultiMedica, Sesto San Giovanni, Italy
  • 1165 Radiology Department, Mansoura Faculty of Medicine, Mansoura, Egypt
  • 1166 Ophthalmology Department, Ministry of Health & Population, Aswan, Egypt
  • 1167 Academy of Medical Science, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States
  • 1168 Radiology and Precision Health Program, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI, United States
  • 1169 Faculty of Medicine, El Bosque University, Bogota, Colombia
  • 1170 Department of Forensic Medicine, El Bosque University, Bogota, Colombia
  • 1171 Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, Dharwad, India
  • 1172 Department of Forensic Medicine, Shri Dharmasthala Manjunatheshwara University, Dharwad, India
  • 1173 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
  • 1174 Environmental Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
  • 1175 Social Determinants of Health Research Center, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran
  • 1176 Department of Surgery, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, VA, United States
  • 1177 General Surgery Department I, Emergency University Hospital Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
  • 1178 Department of Population Studies, University of Zambia, Lusaka, Zambia
  • 1179 Department of Energy, Environmental, and Chemical Engineering, Washington University, St Louis, NS, United States
  • 1180 Faculty of Public Health, Airlangga University, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • 1181 Indonesian Public Health Association, Surabaya, Indonesia
  • 1182 Campus Caucaia, Federal Institute of Education, Science and Technology of Ceará, Caucaia, Brazil
  • 1183 Faculty of Health and Education, Botho University-Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
  • 1184 Department of Neurology, University Hospital Center de Sao Joao, Porto, Portugal
  • 1185 Department of Ophthalmology, Singleton Hospital, Swansea, United Kingdom
  • 1186 National Centre for Register-based Research, Aarhus University, Aarhus, Denmark
  • 1187 Academic Area of Dentistry, Autonomous University of Hidalgo State, Pachuca, Mexico
  • 1188 Department of Nursing, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
  • 1189 Department of Pharmacy, Wollo University, Dessie, Ethiopia
  • 1190 Neurology Department, Janakpuri Super Specialty Hospital Society, New Delhi, India
  • 1191 Department of Neurology, Govind Ballabh Institute of Medical Education and Research, New Delhi, India
  • 1192 India Cancer Research Consortium, Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India
  • 1193 National Institute of Epidemiology, Indian Council of Medical Research, New Delhi, India
  • 1194 Department of Nutrition, University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway
  • 1195 Institute of Human Virology, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, United States
  • 1196 School of Medicine, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, United States
  • 1197 College of Medicine, Alfaisal University, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 1198 Research & Innovation Center, Ministry of Health, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia
  • 1199 Peru Country Office, United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA), Lima, Peru
  • 1200 Department of Cardiovascular Surgery, Asfendiyarov Kazakh National Medical University, Almaty, Kazakhstan
  • 1201 Breast Surgery Unit, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
  • 1202 Neurology Unit, Helsinki University Hospital, Helsinki, Finland
  • 1203 Clinical Microbiology and Parasitology Unit, Zora Profozic Polyclinic, Zagreb, Croatia
  • 1204 University Centre Varazdin, University North, Varazdin, Croatia
  • 1205 Center for Innovation in Medical Education, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
  • 1206 Department of Propedeutics of Internal Diseases & Arterial Hypertension, Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
  • 1207 Pomeranian Medical University, Szczecin, Poland
  • 1208 Department of Women-Mother-Child, Pacific Institute for Research & Evaluation, Calverton, MD, United States
  • 1209 Pacific Institute for Research & Evaluation, Calverton, MD, United States
  • 1210 Global Institute of Public Health, Ananthapuri Hospitals and Research Institute, Trivandrum, India
  • 1211 Women's Institute for Social and Health Studies, Trivandrum, India
  • 1212 Department of Environmental Health, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
  • 1213 Non-Communicable Diseases Research Centre, Sabzevar University of Medical Sciences, Sabzevar, Iran
  • 1214 Internal Medicine Programme, Kyrgyz State Medical Academy, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
  • 1215 Department of Atherosclerosis and Coronary Heart Disease, National Center of Cardiology and Internal Disease, Bishkek, Kyrgyzstan
  • 1216 Research Center for Biochemistry and Nutrition in Metabolic Diseases, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Kashan, Iran
  • 1217 Institute of Addiction Research (ISFF), Frankfurt University of Applied Sciences, Frankfurt, Germany
  • 1218 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Shahrekord University of Medical Sciences, Shahrekord, Iran
  • 1219 Kashmar Center of Higher Health Education, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  • 1220 Neurogenic Inflammation Research Center, Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran
  • 1221 Department of Public Health, Dire Dawa University, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
  • 1222 Department of Community Medicine, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
  • 1223 Health Systems and Policy Research Unit, Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria, Nigeria
  • 1224 Pediatric Neurorehabilitation Research Center, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, Iran
  • 1225 Clinical Epidemiology and Public Health Research Unit, Burlo Garofolo Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Trieste, Italy
  • 1226 Department of Biomedical and Dental Sciences and Morphofunctional Imaging, Messina University, Messina, Italy
  • 1227 National Center for Health Insurance Research, Iran Health Insurance Organization, Tehran, Iran
  • 1228 International Laboratory for Air Quality and Health, Queensland University of Technology, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
  • 1229 Department of Food Science, University of Campinas (Unicamp), Campinas, Brazil
  • 1230 Competence Center of Mortality-Follow-Up of the German National Cohort, Federal Institute for Population Research, Wiesbaden, Germany
  • 1231 Demographic Change and Aging Research Area, Federal Institute for Population Research, Wiesbaden, Germany
  • 1232 Federal Institute for Population Research, Wiesbaden, Germany
  • 1233 Center for Population and Health, Wiesbaden, Germany
  • 1234 Department of Endocrinology & Metabolism, Seth Sukhlal Karnani Memorial Hospital, Kolkata, India
  • 1235 School of Medical Sciences, Science University of Malaysia, Kubang Kerian, Malaysia
  • 1236 Department of Pediatric Medicine, The Children's Hospital & The Institute of Child Health, Multan, Pakistan
  • 1237 Department of Pediatrics & Pediatric Pulmonology, Institute of Mother & Child Care, Multan, Pakistan
  • 1238 Knowledge Translation and Utilization Unit, Egyptian Center for Evidence Based Medicine, Egypt
  • 1239 Research and Analytics Department, Initiative for Financing Health and Human Development, Chennai, India
  • 1240 Department of Research and Analytics, Bioinsilico Technologies, Chennai, India
  • 1241 Institute of Epidemiology and Medical Biometry, Ulm University, Ulm, Germany
  • 1242 Comprehensive Cancer Center, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United States
  • 1243 Department of Psychology, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United States
  • 1244 School of Medicine, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, United States
  • 1245 Laboratory of Public Health Indicators Analysis and Health Digitalization, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudny, Russian Federation
  • 1246 Experimental Surgery and Oncology Laboratory, Kursk State Medical University, Kursk, Russian Federation
  • 1247 Department of Pulmonary Medicine, Government Medical College Trivandrum, Trivandrum, India
  • 1248 Health Action by People, Trivandrum, India
  • 1249 Department of Dermatology, San Bortolo Hospital, Vicenza, Italy
  • 1250 Study Center of the Italian Group for Epidemiologic Research in Dermatology (GISED) Study Center, Bergamo, Italy
  • 1251 Suraj Eye Institute, Nagpur, India
  • 1252 Department for the Control of Disease, Epidemics, and Pandemics, Ministry of Public Health, Yaoundé, Cameroon
  • 1253 Department of Internal Medicine and Specialties, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
  • 1254 Department of Public Health, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon
  • 1255 Disease Control and Environmental Health, Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda
  • 1256 Department of General Surgery, Emergency Hospital of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
  • 1257 Cardio-Aid, Bucharest, Romania
  • 1258 Research & Statistics Unit, Synotech Consultants, Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1259 Department of Biological Sciences, University of Embu, Embu, Kenya
  • 1260 Institute for Mental Health Policy Research, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health, Toronto, ON, Canada
  • 1261 Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Institute for Clinical Evaluative Sciences, Ottowa, ON, Canada
  • 1262 Department of Health Policy and Management, Keio University, Tokyo, Japan
  • 1263 Administrative and Economic Sciences Department, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Romania
  • 1264 Department of Preventive Medicine, Kyung Hee University, Dongdaemun-gu, South Korea
  • 1265 Disease Surveillance and Epidemic Response, Ministry of Health, Nairobi, Kenya
  • 1266 Department of Psychiatry, University of Lagos, Lagos, Nigeria
  • 1267 Centre for Healthy Start Initiative, Lagos, Nigeria
  • 1268 Early Detection and Cancer Prevention Services, Pantai Jerudong Specialist Centre, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam
  • 1269 Non-communicable Disease Prevention Unit, Ministry of Health, Bandar Seri Begawan, Brunei Darussalam
  • 1270 Department of Pharmacology and Therapeutics, University of Nigeria Nsukka, Enugu, Nigeria
  • 1271 Graduate School of Public Health, San Diego State University, San Diego, CA, United States
  • 1272 Health Systems Research Center, National Public Health Institute, Cuernavaca, Mexico
  • 1273 Department of Medicine, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • 1274 Princess University Hospital, Autonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain
  • 1275 Department of Nephrology and Hypertension, The Institute for Health Research Foundation Jiménez Díaz University Hospital, Madrid, Spain
  • 1276 Department of Environmental Management and Toxicology, University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria
  • 1277 Department of Mathematics and Statistics, University of Energy and Natural Resources, Sunyani, Ghana
  • 1278 Biomedical Sciences, University of Novi Sad, Novi Sad, Serbia
  • 1279 Department of Health Care Administration and Economics, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 1280 Department of Project Management, National Research University Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 1281 Department of Respiratory Medicine, Jagadguru Sri Shivarathreeswara Academy of Health Education and Research, Mysore, India
  • 1282 Department of Health Metrics, Center for Health Outcomes & Evaluation, Bucharest, Romania
  • 1283 National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 1284 Department of Medical Humanities and Social Medicine, Kosin University, Busan, South Korea
  • 1285 Division of General Internal Medicine, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA, United States
  • 1286 Department of Epidemiology, University of Arkansas for Medical Sciences, Little Rock, AR, United States
  • 1287 Department of Poverty, Gender and Youth, Population Council, New Delhi, India
  • 1288 School of Medicine, University of Sinu, Cartagena, Colombia
  • 1289 Research & Development Department, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences, Bhubaneswar, India
  • 1290 Department of Pediatrics, RD Gardi Medical College, Ujjain, India
  • 1291 Community Health Sciences Department, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
  • 1292 Department of Medicine, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, Canada
  • 1293 Centre for Adolescent Health, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 1294 Critical Care and Neurosciences Department, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 1295 Population Health Theme, Murdoch Childrens Research Institute, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 1296 Public Health Youth Society of Nepal, Pokhara, Nepal
  • 1297 Public Health Update, Pokhara, Nepal
  • 1298 Center for Research and Innovation, Ateneo De Manila University, Pasig City, Philippines
  • 1299 Department of Environmental Medicine, New York University, New York, NY, United States
  • 1300 School of Global Public Health, New York University, New York, NY, United States
  • 1301 Department of Orthopedics, Yenepoya Medical College, Mangalore, India
  • 1302 Center for Integration of Data and Health Knowledge, Oswaldo Cruz Foundation, Salvador, Brazil
  • 1303 Shanghai Mental Health Center, Shanghai Jiao Tong University, Shanghai, China
  • 1304 SSD Epidemiology Screening, City of Health and Science University Hospital of Turin, Turin, Italy
  • 1305 Department of Cardiology, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
  • 1306 Department of Environmental Hygiene, German Environment Agency, Dessau-Roßlau, Germany
  • 1307 HIV and Mental Health Department, Integrated Development Foundation Nepal, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • 1308 Clinical Research Center. Valle del Lili Foundation, Center for Studies in Social Protection and Health Economics, ICESI University, Cali, Colombia
  • 1309 Valle del Lili Foundation, Center for Studies in Social Protection and Health Economics, ICESI University, Cali, Colombia
  • 1310 Askok & Rita Patel Institute of Physiotherapy, Charotar University of Science and Technology, Anand, India
  • 1311 Department of Neurology, Smt. B.K.S. Medical Institute and Research Center, Vadodara, India
  • 1312 Department of Nephrology, Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences, Lucknow, India
  • 1313 National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Bucuresti, Romania
  • 1314 Health Sciences Department, Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta, Sukoharjo, Indonesia
  • 1315 Nursing Department, Muhammadiyah University of Surakarta, Sukoharjo, Indonesia
  • 1316 Biomedical Engineering Department, Amirkabir University of Technology, Tehran, Iran
  • 1317 College of Medicine, University of Central Florida, Orlando, FL, United States
  • 1318 Department of Community Medicine, Maharishi Markandeshwar Institute of Medical Sciences & Research, Ambala, India
  • 1319 School of Nursing and Healthcare Professions, Federation University Australia, Berwick, VIC, Australia
  • 1320 Public Health Department, University of Health Sciences, Lahore, Pakistan
  • 1321 Research Department, Policy Research Institute, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • 1322 Health and Public Policy Department, Global Center for Research and Development, Kathmandu, Nepal
  • 1323 Department of Medicine, University of Otago, Wellington, Netherlands
  • 1324 School of Physiotherapy, University of Otago, Wellington, Netherlands
  • 1325 Department of Neurology, Capital & Coast District Health Board, Wellington, Netherlands
  • 1326 Department of Oral Pathology, Srinivas Institute of Dental Sciences, Mangalore, India
  • 1327 University College London Hospitals, London, United Kingdom
  • 1328 School of Health, Medical and Applied Sciences, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland - Bahrain, Muharraq Governorate, Bahrain
  • 1329 School of Nursing and Midwifery, Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland - Bahrain, Muharraq Governorate, Bahrain
  • 1330 Brien Holden Vision Institute, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 1331 Network of Immunity in Infection, Malignancy and Autoimmunity (NIIMA), Universal Scientific Education and Research Network (USERN), Tehran, Iran
  • 1332 Department of Surgery, University of Minnesota, Minneapolis, MN, United States
  • 1333 Department of Surgery, University Teaching Hospital of Kigali, Kigali, Rwanda
  • 1334 Department of Clinical Research, Federal University of Uberlândia, Uberlândia, Brazil
  • 1335 Department of Neuroscience, University of Perugia, Perugia, Italy
  • 1336 Department of Neurology, Rimini “Infermi” Hospital - AUSL Romagna, Rimini, Italy
  • 1337 Centre for Social Research on Alcohol and Drugs, Stockholm University, Stockholm, Sweden
  • 1338 School of Medicine, Gonabad University of Medical Sciences, Gonabad, Iran
  • 1339 Agrosavia, Palmira, Colombia
  • 1340 Department of Health Statistics, National Institute for Medical Research, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • 1341 Department of Internal Medicine, University of Botswana, Gaborone, Botswana
  • 1342 Neuropsychiatric Institute, Prince of Wales Hospital, Randwick, NSW, Australia
  • 1343 Halal Research Center of IRI, Food and Drug Administration of the Islamic Republic of Iran, Tehran, Iran
  • 1344 Institute of Soil and Environmental Sciences, University of Agriculture, Faisalabad, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • 1345 Department of Phytochemistry, Soran University, Soran, Iraq
  • 1346 Department of Nutrition, Cihan University-Erbil, Kurdistan Region, Iraq
  • 1347 Department of Microbiology, Central University of Punjab, Bathinda, India
  • 1348 Research Department, Taleghani Hospital, Kermanshah, Iran
  • 1349 Global Health Institute, American University of Beirut, Beirut, Lebanon
  • 1350 Center for Health Policy & Center for Primary Care and Outcomes Research, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, United States
  • 1351 Health and Disability Intelligence Group, Ministry of Health, Wellington, Netherlands
  • 1352 Department of Surgery, Marshall University, Huntington, WV, United States
  • 1353 Public Health Unit, ACES Grande Porto VIII - Espinho/Gaia, Northern Region Health Administration, Vila Nova de Gaia, Portugal
  • 1354 Department of Community Medicine, PSG Institute of Medical Sciences and Research, Coimbatore, India
  • 1355 PSG-FAIMER South Asia Regional Institute, Coimbatore, India
  • 1356 Faculty of Medicine, University of Applied and Environmental Sciences, Bogota, Colombia
  • 1357 National School of Public Health, Carlos III Health Institute, Madrid, Spain
  • 1358 Department of Geriatrics and Long Term Care, Hamad Medical Corporation, Doha, Qatar
  • 1359 Faculty of Health & Social Sciences, Bournemouth University, Bournemouth, United Kingdom
  • 1360 GSK Biologicals, Wavre, Belgium
  • 1361 Department of Epidemiology, Indian Institute of Public Health, Gandhinagar, India
  • 1362 Market Access, Bayer, Istanbul, Turkey
  • 1363 Unit for Hypertension and Cardiovascular Disease, North-West University, Potchefstroom, South Africa
  • 1364 Oral Diagnosis, Digital Health and Health Services Research, Charité University Medical Center Berlin, Berlin, Germany
  • 1365 Department of Medical Statistics, Epidemiology and Medical Informatics, University of Zagreb, Zagreb, Croatia
  • 1366 Department of Epidemiology and Prevention of Chronic Noncommunicable Diseases, Croatian Institute of Public Health, Zagreb, Croatia
  • 1367 Emergency Department, Manian Medical Centre, Erode, India
  • 1368 Environmental Health Associates LLC, Englewood, CO, United States
  • 1369 Center for Biomedical Information Technology, Shenzhen Institutes of Advanced Technology, Shenzhen, China
  • 1370 Public Health Division, An-Najah National University, Nablus, Palestine
  • 1371 Independent Consultant, Karachi, Pakistan
  • 1372 Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life, and Social Welfare, University of Borås, Borås, Sweden
  • 1373 Department of Community Medicine, BLDE University, Vijayapur, India
  • 1374 University School of Management and Entrepreneurship, Delhi Technological University, Delhi, India
  • 1375 Centre for Medical Informatics, University of Edinburgh, Edinburgh, United Kingdom
  • 1376 College of Medicine, Yonsei University, Seoul, South Korea
  • 1377 Finnish Institute of Occupational Health, Helsinki, Finland
  • 1378 School of Health, University of Technology Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia
  • 1379 Medical Research Agency, Warsaw, Poland
  • 1380 School of Medicine, Cardinal Wyszynski University, Warsaw, Poland
  • 1381 Department of Psychology, Reykjavik University, Reykjavik, Iceland
  • 1382 Department of Physical Education, Federal University of Santa Catarina, Florianopolis, Brazil
  • 1383 Department of Law, Economics, Management and Quantitative Methods, University of Sannio, Benevento, Italy
  • 1384 WSB University, Gdańsk, Poland
  • 1385 Medicine Service, US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA), Birmingham, AL, United States
  • 1386 Menzies Institute for Medical Research, University of Tasmania, Hobart, TAS, Australia
  • 1387 Global Patient Outcome and Real World Evidence, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, United States
  • 1388 Department of Epidemiology, School of Preventive Oncology, Patna, India
  • 1389 Department of Epidemiology, Healis Sekhsaria Institute for Public Health, Mumbai, India
  • 1390 Department of Ophthalmology, Hywel Dda University Health Board, Llanelli, United Kingdom
  • 1391 Department of Sports Science and Clinical Biomechanics, University of Southern Denmark, Odense, Denmark
  • 1392 Department of Physiotherapy and Occupational Therapy, Næstved-Slagelse-Ringsted Hospitals, Slagelse, Denmark
  • 1393 Department No.16, Moscow Research and Practical Centre on Addictions, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 1394 Laboratory of Genetics and Genomics, Moscow Research and Practical Centre on Addictions, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 1395 Department of Endocrinology and Diabetes, Yaoundé Central Hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroon
  • 1396 Nursing Care Research Center, Semnan University of Medical Sciences, Semnan, Iran
  • 1397 Department of Infectious Diseases, Kharkiv National Medical University, Kharkiv, Ukraine
  • 1398 Demography and Population Studies Department, University of Witwatersrand, Johannesburg, South Africa
  • 1399 Centro de Investigación Biomédica en Red Enfermedades Respiratorias (CIBERES), Madrid, Spain
  • 1400 Department of Research Development, Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of the Ministry of Health (FRIHOI), Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 1401 Federal Research Institute for Health Organization and Informatics of the Ministry of Health (FRIHOI), Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 1402 Hull York Medical School, University of Hull, Hull City, United Kingdom
  • 1403 Division of Community Medicine, International Medical University, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
  • 1404 David Geffen School of Medicine, University of California Los Angeles, Los Angeles, CA, United States
  • 1405 Centre for Global Health Inequalities Research (CHAIN), Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
  • 1406 Department of Neuromedicine and Movement Science, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, Trondheim, Norway
  • 1407 Department of Primary Care and Public Health, University of East Anglia, Norwich, United Kingdom
  • 1408 Occupational and Environmental Medicine Department, University of Gothenburg, Gothenburg, Sweden
  • 1409 Department of Neurology and Clinical Neurophysiology, St. Olavs Hospital, Trondheim, Norway
  • 1410 Schiller Institute, Boston College, Boston, MA, United States
  • 1411 Department of Population Health, Luxembourg Institute of Health, Strassen, Luxembourg
  • 1412 Department of Statistics, Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Abishekapatti, Tirunelveli, India
  • 1413 Pediatric Services, King Hussein Cancer Center, Amman, Jordan
  • 1414 Pediatrics Department, University of Jordan, Amman, Jordan
  • 1415 Delos Labs, Delos Living, New York, NY, United States
  • 1416 Department of Criminology, Law, and Society, University of California Irvine, Irvine, CA, United States
  • 1417 Minister of Health, Institute of Cardiology Poland, Warsaw, Poland
  • 1418 Department of Medicine, University of Valencia, Valencia, Spain
  • 1419 School of Social Work, University of Illinois, Urbana, IL, United States
  • 1420 Cancer Control Center, Osaka International Cancer Institute, Osaka, Japan
  • 1421 Department of Pharmacy, Arbaminch College of Health Sciences, Arbaminch, Ethiopia
  • 1422 Institute of Public Health, Lahore, Pakistan
  • 1423 International Comion on Occupational Health, Monteporzio Catone, Rome, Italy
  • 1424 Africa Health Research Institute, Berea, South Africa
  • 1425 Department of Population Science and Human Resource Development, University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh
  • 1426 Research and Development Center for Humanities and Health Management, National Institute of Health Research & Development, Jakarta, Indonesia
  • 1427 University Institute Egas Moniz, Monte da Caparica, Portugal
  • 1428 Research Institute for Medicines, University of Lisbon, Lisbon, Portugal
  • 1429 Division of Biostatistics and Epidemiology, Texas Tech University, El Paso, TX, United States
  • 1430 Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Central University of Kerala, Kasaragod, India
  • 1431 Department of Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism, Christian Medical College and Hospital (CMC), Vellore, India
  • 1432 Department of Nephrology, Christian Medical College and Hospital (CMC), Vellore, India
  • 1433 Timiryazev Institute of Plant Physiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 1434 Agency for Health Technology Assessment and Tariff System, Warsaw, Poland
  • 1435 Nutritional Epidemiology Research Team (EREN), National Institute for Health and Medical Research (INSERM), Paris, France
  • 1436 Health, Medicine and Human Biology, Sorbonne Paris Nord University, Bobigny, France
  • 1437 Modestum LTD, London, United Kingdom
  • 1438 Department of Health Economics, Hanoi Medical University, Hanoi, Viet Nam
  • 1439 Mbarara University of Science and Technology, Mbarara, Uganda
  • 1440 Department of Medicine, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
  • 1441 Laboratory of Toxicology, University of Crete, Heraklion, Greece
  • 1442 Department of Microbiology, Iqra National University, Peshawar, Pakistan
  • 1443 TB Culture Laboratory, Mufti Mehmood Memorial Teaching Hospital, Dera Ismail Khan, Pakistan
  • 1444 Department of Community Medicine, Alex Ekwueme Federal University Teaching Hospital Abakaliki, Abakaliki, Nigeria
  • 1445 School of Government, Pontifical Catholic University of Chile, Santiago, Chile
  • 1446 Schneider Institutes for Health Policy, Brandeis University, Waltham, MA, United States
  • 1447 Amity Institute of Biotechnology, Amity University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India
  • 1448 Velez Sarsfield Hospital, Buenos Aires, Argentina
  • 1449 UKK Institute, Tampere, Finland
  • 1450 Department of Statistics, University of Brasilia, Brasilia, Brazil
  • 1451 Psychosocial Injuries Research Center, Ilam University of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran
  • 1452 Raffles Neuroscience Centre, Raffles Hospital, Singapore
  • 1453 Department of Neurology, Infermi Hospital, Rimini, Italy
  • 1454 Department of Neurology & Stroke Unit, Sant'Anna Hospital, Como, Italy
  • 1455 Occupational Health Unit, Sant'Orsola Malpighi Hospital, Bologna, Italy
  • 1456 Department of Pediatric Endocrinology, Mother and Child Healthcare Institute of Serbia “Dr Vukan Cupic”, Belgrade, Serbia
  • 1457 Foundation University Medical College, Foundation University Islamabad, Islamabad, Pakistan
  • 1458 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, George Washington University, Washington, DC, United States
  • 1459 Department of Neurology, George Washington University, Washington, DC, United States
  • 1460 School of Health Sciences, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
  • 1461 Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
  • 1462 Global Health Institute, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
  • 1463 School of Medicine, Wuhan University, Wuhan, China
  • 1464 Division of Social Science, Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Hong Kong, China
  • 1465 Cardiology Department, Royal Children's Hospital, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 1466 Leonard Davis Institute of Health Economics, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States
  • 1467 Population Studies Center, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA, United States
  • 1468 Department of Physical Therapy, Naresuan University, Phitsanulok, Thailand
  • 1469 Department of Community Medicine, Rajarata University of Sri Lanka, Anuradhapura, Sri Lanka
  • 1470 Department of Medicine, University of Rajarata, Saliyapura Anuradhapuraya, Sri Lanka
  • 1471 NIHR Biomedical Research Centre, Guy's and St.Thomas' Hospital and Kings College London, London, United Kingdom
  • 1472 Department of Orthopaedics, Wenzhou Medical University, Wenzhou, China
  • 1473 Department of Behavior and Operation Management, Beijing Advanced Innovation Center for Big Data-based Precision Medicine, Beijing, China
  • 1474 School of Medicine, Nanjing University, Nanjing, China
  • 1475 Clinical Cancer Research Center, Milad General Hospital, Tehran, Iran
  • 1476 Research and Development Center for Health Services, University of Tsukuba, Tsukuba, Japan
  • 1477 Pediatrics Department, University of Jos, Jos, Nigeria
  • 1478 Department of Pediatrics, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria
  • 1479 Department of Neuropsychopharmaology, National Center of Neurology and Psychiatry, Kodaira, Japan
  • 1480 Department of Public Health, Juntendo University, Tokyo, Japan
  • 1481 Department of Health Policy and Management, Jackson State University, Jackson, MS, United States
  • 1482 School of Medicine, Tsinghua University, Beijing, China
  • 1483 Department of Immunology, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, PA, United States
  • 1484 School of Public Health and Management, Hubei University of Medicine, Shiyan, China
  • 1485 Department of Pharmaceutics, Dow University of Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan
  • 1486 Addictology Department, Russian Medical Academy of Continuous Professional Education, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 1487 Victorian Comprehensive Cancer Centre, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
  • 1488 Hubei Province Key Laboratory of Occupational Hazard Identification and Control, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
  • 1489 School of Public Health, Wuhan University of Science and Technology, Wuhan, China
  • 1490 School of Biology and Pharmaceutical Engineering, Wuhan Polytechnic University, Wuhan, China
  • 1491 Global Strategy and Advocacy Unit, Children's HeartLink, Minneapolis, MN, United States
  • 1492 Department of Epidemiology, Human Genetics, and Environmental Sciences, University of Texas Health Science Center at Houston, Houston, TX, United States
Keywords
adolescent; adult; aged; birth rate; child; demography; epidemiology; female; global disease burden; human; infant; life expectancy; live birth; male; middle aged; mortality; newborn; population research; preschool child; questionnaire; risk factor; spatial analysis; very elderly; young adult; Adolescent; Adult; Aged; Aged, 80 and over; Birth Rate; Censuses; Child; Child, Preschool; Demography; Female; Global Burden of Disease; Humans; Infant; Infant, Newborn; Life Expectancy; Live Birth; Male; Middle Aged; Mortality; Risk Factors; Spatial Analysis; Surveys and Questionnaires; Young Adult
Date of creation
20.04.2021
Date of change
20.04.2021
Short link
https://repository.rudn.ru/en/records/article/record/72422/
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Abbafati C., Machado D.B., Cislaghi B., Salman O.M., Karanikolos M., McKee M., Abbas K.M., Brady O.J., Larson H.J., Trias-Llimós S., Cummins S., Langan S.M., Sartorius B., Hafiz A., Jenabi E., Borzouei S., Azarian G., Khazaei S., Abbasi M., Asghari B., Masoumi S., Komaki H., Taherkhani A., Adabi M., Abbasifard M., Bazmandegan G., Kamiab Z., Vakilian A., Anjomshoa M., Mokari A., Sabour S., Shahbaz M., Saeedi R., Ahmadieh H., Yousefinezhadi T., Haj-Mirzaian A., Nikbakhsh R., Safi S., Asgari S., Irvani S.N., Jahanmehr N., Ramezanzadeh K., Abbasi-Kangevari M., Khayamzadeh M., Abbastabar H., Shirkoohi R., Fazlzadeh M., Janjani H., Hosseini M., Mansournia M., Tohidinik H., Bakhtiari A., Fazaeli A., Mousavi S., Hasanzadeh A., Nabavizadeh B., Malekzadeh R., Hashemian M., Pourshams A., Salimzadeh H., Sepanlou S.G., Afarideh M., Esteghamati A., Esteghamati S., Ghajar A., Heidari B., Rezaei N., Mohamadi E., Rahimi-Movaghar A., Rahim F., Eskandarieh S., Sahraian M., Mohebi F., Aminorroaya A., Ebrahimi H., Farzadfar F., Mohajer B., Pishgar F., Shabani M., Zarafshan H., Abolhassani H., Hafezi-Nejad N., Heidari-Soureshjani R., Abdollahi M., Farahmand M., Salamati P., Tajdini M., Aghamir S., Mirzaei R., Khater M.M., Abd-Allah F., Abdelalim A., Abualhasan A., El-Jaafary S.I., Hassan A., Elsharkawy A., Khater A.M., Elhabashy H.R., Salem M.R.R., Salem H., Sadeghi M., Jafarinia M., Amini-Rarani M., Mohammadifard N., Sarrafzadegan N., Abdollahpour I., Sarveazad A., Tehrani-Banihashemi A., Manafi N., Dorostkar F., Alipour V., Sheikhtaheri A., Arabloo J., Azari S., Ghashghaee A., Rezapour A., Naserbakht M., Kabir A., Mehri F., Yousefifard M., Asadi-Aliabadi M., Babaee E., Eshrati B., Goharinezhad S., Moradi-Lakeh M., Abedi P., Rashedi V., Kumar V., Elgendy I.Y., Basu S., Park J., Pereira A., Norheim O.F., Eagan A.W., Cahill L.E., Sheikh A., Abushouk A.I., Kraemer M.U.G., Thakur B., Bärnighausen T.W., Shrime M.G., Abedi A., Doshi C.P., Abegaz K.H., Geberemariyam B.S., Aynalem Y.A., Shiferaw W.S., Abosetugn A.E., Aboyans V., Abrams E.M., Gitimoghaddam M., Kissoon N., Stubbs J.L., Brauer M., Iyamu I.O., Kopec J.A., Pourmalek F., Ribeiro A.P., Malta D.C., Gomez R.S., Abreu L.G., Abrigo M.R.M., Almulhim A.M., Dahlawi S.M.A., Pottoo F.H., Menezes R.G., Alanzi T.M., Alumran A.K., Madadin M., Alanezi F.M., Abu-Gharbieh E., Saddik B., Abu-Raddad L.J., Samy A.M., Shalash A.S., Nabhan A.F., Kamath A.M., Kassebaum N.J., Aravkin A.Y., Kochhar S., Sorensen R.J.D., Afshin A., Burkart K., Cromwell E.A., Dandona L., Dharmaratne S.D., Gakidou E., Hay S.I., Kyu H.H., Lopez A.D., Lozano R., Misganaw A.T., Mokdad A.H., Naghavi M., Pigott D.M., Roth G.A., Stanaway J.D., Vollset S., Vos T., Wang H., Lim S.S., Murray C.J.L., Kalani R., Ikuta K.S., Cho D.Y., Kneib C.J., Crowe C.S., Massenburg B.B., Morrison S.D., Acebedo A., Adelson J.D., Agesa K.M., Alam T., Albertson S.B., Anderson J.A., Antony C.M., Ashbaugh C., Assmus M., Azhar G., Balassyano S., Bannick M.S., Barthelemy C.M., Bender R.G., Bennitt F.B., Bertolacci G.J., Biehl M.H., Bisignano C., Boon-Dooley A.S., Briant P.S., Bryazka D., Bumgarner B.R., Callender C.S., Cao J., Castle C.D., Castro E., Causey K., Cercy K.M., Chalek J., Charlson F.J., Cohen A.J., Comfort H., Compton K., Croneberger A.J., Cruz J.A., Cunningham M., Dandona R., Dangel W.J., Dean F.E., DeCleene N.K., Deen A., Degenhardt L., Dingels Z.V., Dippenaar I.N., Dirac M.A., Dolgert A.J., Emmons-Bell S., Estep K., Farag T., Feigin V.L., Feldman R., Ferrara G., Ferrari A.J., Fitzgerald R., Force L.M., Fox J.T., Frank T.D., Fu W., Fukutaki K., Fuller J.E., Fullman N., Galles N.C., Gardner W.M., Goren E., Gorman T.M., Gottlich H.C., Guo G., Haddock B., Hagins H., Haile L.M., Hamilton E.B., Han C., Han H., Harvey J.D., Henny K., Henrikson H.J., Henry N.J., Herbert M.E., Hsiao T., Huynh C.K., Iannucci V.C., Ippolito H., Irvine C.M.S., Jafari H., Jahagirdar D., James S.L., Johnson C.O., Johnson S.C., Keller C., Kemmer L., Kendrick P.J., Knight M., 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K.E., Wilner L.B., Wilson S., Wool E.E., Wozniak S.S., Wu J., Wunrow H., Xu R., Yadgir S., Yearwood J.A., York H.W., Yuan C., Zhao J.T., Zheng P., Zimsen S.R.M., Zlavog B.S., Chang A.Y., Oren E., Buchbinder R., Chin K.L., Guo Y., Polkinghorne K.R., Thrift A.G., Lee S.W.H., Ackerman I.N., Cicuttini F.M., Li S., Zaman S., Suleria H., Zhang J., Cowie B.C., Wijeratne T., Patton G.C., Sawyer S.M., Adair T., Meretoja A., Adetokunboh O.O., Adamu A.A., Iwu C.J., Parry C.D.H., Seedat S., Ndwandwe D.E., Mahasha P.W., Stein D.J., Nnaji C.A., Sambala E.Z., Wiysonge C.S., Adebayo O.M., Ilesanmi O.S., Owolabi M.O., Adeoye A.M., Adedeji I.A., Adekanmbi V., Ibitoye S.E., John-Akinola Y.O., Oluwasanu M.M., Oghenetega O.B., Akinyemi R.O., Zandian H., Adham D., Advani S.M., Teagle W.L., Braithwaite D., Agasthi P., Saadatagah S., Afshari M., Agardh E.E., Allebeck P., Danielsson A., Deuba K., Carrero J.J., Mohammad D.K., Fereshtehnejad S., Ärnlöv J., Nowak C., Cederroth C.R., Ahmadi A., Pathak A., Mills E.J., Kurmi O.P., Olagunju A.T., Agarwal G., Sathish T., Aghaali M., Mohammadbeigi A., Agrawal A., Ahmad T., Ahmadi K., Maleki S., Naderi M., Salahshoor M.R., Almasi A., Salimi Y., Siabani S., Ziapour A., Barzegar A., Khazaie H., Kianipour N., Amiri F., Mirzaei M., Shamsi M., Najafi F., Jalali A., Ghadiri K., Heydarpour F., Fattahi N., Pirsaheb M., Rajati F., Sadeghi E., Safari Y., Sharafi K., Soltani S., Vasseghian Y., Atafar Z., Jalilian F., Mirzaei-Alavijeh M., Saeidi S., Soofi M., Zangeneh A., Mansouri B., Ahmadi M., Khafaie M.A., Safiri S., Moghadaszadeh M., Doshmangir L., Jadidi-Niaragh F., Ghafourifard M., Spotin A., Khodayari M., Kalankesh L.R., Ahmadpour E., Yousefi B., Ansari F., Hassankhani H., Karimi S., Haririan H., Mereta S., Ahmed M.B., Feyissa G.T., Ciobanu L.G., Aji B., Aynalem G.L., Gebresillassie B., Tefera Y.G., Akalu T.Y., Baraki A.G., Tesema G.A., Tessema Z.T., Tamiru A.T., Azene Z.N., Netsere H.B., Yano Y., Akinyemiju T., Wu C., Zadey S., Samad Z., Ji J.S., Doshi P.P., John O., Jha V., Maulik P.K., Pesudovs K., Resnikoff S., Mitchell P.B., Sachdev P.S., Akombi B., Godinho M.A., Ivers R.Q., Peden A.E., Biswas R., Boufous S., Akunna C.J., Alahdab F., Hammer M.S., Al-Aly Z., Dellavalle R.P., Alam S., Martin R.V., Alam N., Tadakamadla S.K., Alam K., Alcalde-Rabanal J.E., Avila-Burgos L., Serván-Mori E., Denova-Gutiérrez E., Rodríguez-Ramírez S., Morales L., Poznańska A., Wojtyniak B., Rivera J.A., Campos-Nonato I.R., Sánchez-Pimienta T.G., Mengesha M.B., Welay F.T., Alema N.M., Demsie D.G., Teame H., Teklehaimanot B.F., Alemu B.W., Gultie T., Bante A.B., Yeshitila Y.G., Geramo Y.C.D., Glagn M., Sorrie M.B., W/hawariat F.G., Amare A., Kasa A., Alemu Y., Mihretie K.M., Atnafu D.D., Demeke F.M., Melese A., Bante S.A., Dessie G.A., Mengesha E.W., Nigatu D., Almadi M.A.H., Alhabib K.F., Mohammad Y., Altirkawi K.A., Temsah M., Kugbey N., Ayanore M.A., Alhassan R.K., Ali M., Ali S., Alicandro G., Kalhor R., Alijanzadeh M., Alinia C., Yusefzadeh H., Didarloo A., Alizade H., Nikpoor A., Aljunid S.M., Alla F., Leal L.F., Almasi-Hashiani A., Moradzadeh R., Zamanian M., Nazari J., Amini S., Ghamari F., Almasri N.A., Khan M., Al-Mekhlafi H.M., Bedi N., Alonso J., Ciber E.S.P., Al-Raddadi R.M., Zakzuk J., Alvis-Guzman N., Alvis-Zakzuk N.J., Castañeda-Orjuela C.A., Malagón-Rojas J.N., Gezae K., Gesesew H.A., Muthupandian S., Gebremeskel G.G., Berhe K., Amare B., Ayza M.A., Gebremeskel L.G., Gebreslassie A.A.A., Bitew H., Zewdie K.A., Tela F.G.G., Gill T.K., Noubiap J., Lassi Z.S., Bhandari D., Amit A.L., Antonio C.T., Faraon E.A., Lopez J.F., Atre S.R., Ballew S.H., Matsushita K., Khoja A.T., Daneshpajouhnejad P., Ghadimi M., Shafaat O., Fanzo J., Amugsi D.A., Amul G.H., Koh D.S.Q., Venketasubramanian N., Anbesu E.W., Mohammed J.A., Wondmeneh T.G., Andrei C., Negoi R.I., Davitoiu D.V., Manda A., Negoi I., Preotescu L., Hostiuc M., Hostiuc S., Ancuceanu R., Hasan M., Leung J., Anderlini D., Mamun A.A., Maravilla J.C., McGrath J.J., Charlson F.J., Lalloo R., Uddin R., Erskine H.E., Knibbs L.D., Santomauro D.F., Mirica A., Ausloos M., Herteliu C., Oţoiu A., Pana A., Andrei T., Ştefan S., Androudi S., Angus C., Ansari I., Pourjafar H., Shams-Beyranvand M., Ansari-Moghaddam A., Khammarnia M., Antonazzo I., Ferrara P., Conti S., Cortesi P.A., Fornari C., Lee P.H., Antriyandarti E., Yousefi Z., Rafiei A., Javidnia J., Faridnia R., Anvari D., Goudarzian A., Moosazadeh M., Rezai M., Daryani A., Fareed M., Anwer R., Appiah S., Paudel D., Dichgans M., Riahi S., Rajabpour-Sanati A., Arab-Zozani M., Arba A.A.K., Aremu O., Ariani F., Aripov T., Armoon B., Mahdavi M.M., Arowosegbe O.O., Tediosi F., Aryal K.K., Mosapour A., Yaminfirooz M., Arzani A., Bijani A., Jahani M.A., Mouodi S., Zamani M., Asaad M., Dianatinasab M., Bahrami M., Pakshir K., Asadi-Pooya A.A., Bayati M., Shahabi S., Athari S., Atout M.M.W., Atteraya M.S., Brugha T., Ausloos F., Avokpaho E.F.G., Room R., Islam M., Edvardsson D., Rahman M., Gething P.W., Briggs A.M., Ayano G., Hendrie D., Miller T.R., Azzopardi P.S., Hoogar P., B D.B., Kulkarni V., Kumar N., Mithra P., Shetty R.S., Thapar R., Padubidri J., Bakkannavar S.M., Nayak V.C., Rastogi P., Shetty B.K., Bhageerathy R., Gudi N., Boloor A., Holla R., Rathi P., Unnikrishnan B., Janodia M.D., Lang J.J., Badawi A., Orpana H.M., Bhutta Z.A., Shield K.D., Chattu V., Badiye A.D., Kapoor N., Bagherzadeh M., Rabiee N., Bagli E., Baig A.A., Bairwa M., Lodha R., Sagar R., Rath G.K., Bhardwaj P., Charan J., Kanchan T., Joshi A., Pakhare A.P., Bakhshaei M., Naghshtabrizi B., Balachandran A., Hoek H.W., Postma M.J., Geremew A., Gebrehiwot A.M., Balakrishnan S., Desalew A., Bojia H.A., Mohammed A.S., Regassa L.D., Parmar P.G.K., Balalla S., Roberts S., Baldasseroni A., Stokes M.A., Ball K., Islam S., Maddison R., Balzi D., Levi M., Banach M., Banerjee S.K., Banik P.C., Barua L., Faruque M., Barboza M.A., Barker-Collo S.L., Jonas J.B., Panda-Jonas S., Kohler S., Moazen B., Mohammed S., Barrero 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Lancet. Elsevier Limited. Vol. 396. 2020. P. 1135-1159