Features of surgical treatment of posttraumatic lower limbs of different lengths in adult patients

Relevance Different lengths of the lower extremities have a negative impact on the position of the pelvis and spine and lead to secondary deformities. To prevent these consequences, early surgical correction of the shortening is necessary. Aim of study Study of the features of post-traumatic shortening of the lower extremities, mechanisms of adaptation to this condition and, on the basis of this, optimization of surgical technique when performing reconstructive and restorative operations. Material and methods A total of 276 patients with posttraumatic shortening of the lower extremities were examined, 102 of whom were operated on. Comparative radiography of both legs was used to diagnose different lengths. The Ilizarov method was used as the main method of surgical correction. Results We studied the mechanisms of adaptation of patients to post-traumatic shortening of the hip and lower leg and optimized surgical technique. A method was developed for determining the optimal elongation value. Conclusion The most effective and least traumatic method is external osteosynthesis according to Ilizarov. Distraction in the apparatus allows the formation of a regenerate of the required shape and length and the elongation of exactly the amount that is optimal for a given patient. © 2020 Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine. All rights reserved.

Authors
Artemiev A.A. 1, 2 , Ivashkin A.N.2 , Kashoob A.M. 3 , Solovyov Y.S. 3 , Gululyan G.G. 3
Publisher
Sklifosovsky Research Institute for Emergency Medicine
Number of issue
4
Language
Russian
Pages
573-579
Status
Published
Volume
9
Year
2021
Organizations
  • 1 Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Fed. Sci. and Clin. Ctr. for Spec. Types of Medical Aid and Medical Technologies of FMBA of Russia, 28 Orekhovy blvd., Moscow, 115682, Russian Federation
  • 2 Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Moscow State University of Food Production, 11 Volokolamskoe Sh., Moscow, 125080, Russian Federation
  • 3 Department of Traumatology and Orthopedics, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia, 6 Miklukho-Maklaya St., Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
Keywords
Different lengths of the lower limbs; Lengthening of the lower limbs; Post-traumatic deformity; Post-traumatic shortening
Date of creation
20.04.2021
Date of change
20.04.2021
Short link
https://repository.rudn.ru/en/records/article/record/72344/
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