Change in the Dominant Side of Chewing as a Serious Factor for Adjusting the Prophylaxis Strategy for Implant-Supported Fixed Dental Prosthesis of Bounded Lateral Defects

Objective The main purpose of this article is to study the effect of a change in the dominant side of chewing after prosthetics with fixed structures on implants on the main indicators of osseointegration, adaptation to dentures, and the clinical dental status of patients. Materials and Methods In a clinical trial, an analysis was made of the adaptation of 64 patients to intraosseous implant-supported fixed dentures and 56 apparently healthy volunteers. The examination complex included determination of the functionally dominant side of chewing, gnathodynamometry and electromyography indicators of masticatory muscles, and radiological osseointegration criteria. The overall treatment outcomes were evaluated using a visual analogue scale and an objective medical questionnaire, Prognosis of Adaptation to Orthopedic Structures. Results Patients were divided into two subgroups: with a change in the dominant side of chewing after completion of orthopaedic treatment (40 cases) and without a change in the dominant side of chewing (24 cases). In the second subgroup of patients, in contrast to the first subgroup, relatively better indicators of gnathodynamometer and electromyography were observed. So, in the first group, gnathodynamometry indicators on the dominant side were 255.7 N and in the second group 225 N after 9 to 12 months. Electromyography indices amounted to (198.5 μV s) to (166.3 μV s) after 9 to 12 months. Bone density remained at the required level, and overall treatment outcomes were higher. Namely, the compact plate of the alveolar ridge was preserved, and the condition of the bone tissue around the implants testified to stable osseointegration. The participation of surface masticatory muscles in adaptation of patients to intraosseous implant-supported fixed orthopaedic structures and the necessity and importance of changing the dominant chewing side for the general outcomes of orthopaedic treatment have been discussed. Conclusions It has been established that a change in the functionally dominant chewing side is accompanied by relatively unstable indicators of chewing function, which is combined with increased loads on the installed prostheses during 3 to 6 months of adaptation. This must be taken into account when planning an individual patient adaptation complex for dental orthopaedic structures. © 2021 Georg Thieme Verlag. All rights reserved.

Zekiy A.O.1 , Bogatov E.A.2 , Voronov I.A. 3 , Sarkisyan M.S. 3 , Llaka E. 3
Georg Thieme Verlag
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  • 1 Doctor of Sciences (Medicine), Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Trubetskaya Street, 8, Moscow, 119991, Russian Federation
  • 2 Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, Institute of Dentistry Named after E.V. Borovsky, I.M. Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Sechenov University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 3 Department of Prosthetic Dentistry, PFUR Medical Institute, RUDN University, Moscow, Russian Federation
adaptation to dentures; chewing function; dental implantation; electromyography; gnathodynamometry; osseointegration; partial loss of teeth; peri-implantitis; visual analogue scale
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