Modeling Thrombus Shell: Linking Adhesion Receptor Properties and Macroscopic Dynamics

Damage to arterial vessel walls leads to the formation of platelet aggregate, which acts as a physical obstacle for bleeding. An arterial thrombus is heterogeneous; it has a dense inner part (core) and an unstable outer part (shell). The thrombus shell is very dynamic, being composed of loosely connected discoid platelets. The mechanisms underlying the observed mobility of the shell and its (patho)physiological implications are unclear. To investigate arterial thrombus mechanics, we developed a novel, to our knowledge, two-dimensional particle-based computational model of microvessel thrombosis. The model considers two types of interplatelet interactions: primary reversible (glycoprotein Ib (GPIb)-mediated) and stronger integrin-mediated interaction, which intensifies with platelet activation. At high shear rates, the former interaction leads to adhesion, and the latter is primarily responsible for stable platelet aggregation. Using a stochastic model of GPIb-mediated interaction, we initially reproduced experimental curves that characterize individual platelet interactions with a von Willebrand factor-coated surface. The addition of the second stabilizing interaction results in thrombus formation. The comparison of thrombus dynamics with experimental data allowed us to estimate the magnitude of critical interplatelet forces in the thrombus shell and the characteristic time of platelet activation. The model predicts moderate dependence of maximal thrombus height on the injury size in the absence of thrombin activity. We demonstrate that the developed stochastic model reproduces the observed highly dynamic behavior of the thrombus shell. The presence of primary stochastic interaction between platelets leads to the properties of thrombus consistent with in vivo findings; it does not grow upstream of the injury site and covers the whole injury from the first seconds of the formation. А simplified model, in which GPIb-mediated interaction is deterministic, does not reproduce these features. Thus, the stochasticity of platelet interactions is critical for thrombus plasticity, suggesting that interaction via a small number of bonds drives the dynamics of arterial thrombus shell. © 2020 Biophysical Society

Kaneva V.N.1 , Dunster J.L.2 , Volpert V. 3, 4, 5 , Ataullahanov F.1, 6, 7, 8 , Panteleev M.A.1, 6, 7, 8 , Nechipurenko D.Y.1, 6, 7
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  • 1 Center for Theoretical Problems of Physico-chemical Pharmacology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 2 Institute for Cardiovascular and Metabolic Research, School of Biological Sciences, University of Reading, Whiteknights, Reading, United Kingdom
  • 3 Institut Camille Jordan, UMR 5208 CNRS, University Lyon 1, Villeurbanne, France
  • 4 INRIA Team Dracula, INRIA Lyon La Doua, Villeurbanne, France
  • 5 Peoples Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 6 Dmitry Rogachev National Medical Research Centre of Pediatric Hematology, Oncology and Immunology, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 7 Faculty of Physics, Lomonosov Moscow State University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 8 Faculty of Biological and Medical Physics, Moscow Institute of Physics and Technology, Dolgoprudnyi, Russian Federation
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