Poultry salmonella sensitivity to antibiotics

The objects of study were microorganisms, isolated from pathological material of chicken breeds "RoSS 208" and "Luong Phuong"; ducklings breeds "C. V. super M" and a "Khaki Campbell"; quails breed "Coturnix". In 499 samples of the birds material we discovered 153 microorganisms cultures of the genus Salmonella, which were 30.66 % of the total number of selected microorganisms cultures, including S. typhimurium - 60 (39.22 %) strains; S. albany - 32 (of 20.92 %); S. enteritidis - 20 (13.07 %); S. hadar - 9 (5.88%); S. agona and S. thompson - 5 (3.27 %); S. indiana - 4 (2.61 %); S. heidelberg, S. mbandaka and S. shalkwijk - 3 (1.96 %); S. give - 2 (1.31 %); S. derby and S. havana - 1 (0.65 %); other serovar - 5 (3.27 %). It was found that 70.0 % of the studied strains were sensitive to drugs of the fluoroquinolone group (nalidixic acid, norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, enrofloxacin), 66.67 % - cephalosporins (ceftazidim). 83.33 % of strains were resistant to tetracycline drugs (tetracycline); 63.33 % - β-lactams (ampicillin); 56.67 % - aminoglycosides (gentamicin, kanamycin, streptomycin); 46.67 % - sulfonamides (trimethoprim). The minimum inhibitory concentration ("MIC") were established at the intersection of the growth suppression zone and the test strip "E-test": ampicillin-512 μg/ml; tetracycline - 64 μg/ml; gentamicin - 2 μg/ml; ciprofloxacin - 1 μg/ml; norfloxacin - 0.38 μg/ml and ceftazidim - 0.19 μg/ml. The amplitude values ranged from 0.019 μg/ml to 512 μg/ml. © Advanced Scientific Research. All rights reserved.

Authors
Lenchenko E.1 , Blumenkrants D.1 , Vatnikov Y. 2 , Kulikov E. 2 , Khai V. 2 , Sachivkina N. 3 , Gnezdilova L.4 , Sturov N. 5 , Sakhno N.6 , Kuznetsov V. 5 , Strizhakov A. 2 , Mansur T. 5
Publisher
EManuscript Technologies
Number of issue
2
Language
English
Pages
170-175
Status
Published
Volume
11
Year
2020
Organizations
  • 1 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Moscow State University of Food Production, 11, Volokolamskoe Highway, Moscow, 125080, Russian Federation
  • 2 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6, Miklukho-Maklaya Street, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 3 Department of Microbiology and Virology, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6, Miklukho-Maklaya Street, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 4 Department of Veterinary Medicine, Federal State Educational Institution of Higher Professional Education, Moscow State Academy of Veterinary Medicine and Biotechnology named after K.I. Skryabin, 23, Academician Skryabin Street, Moscow, 109472, Russian Federation
  • 5 Department of General Medical Practice, Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), 6, Miklukho-Maklaya Street, Moscow, 117198, Russian Federation
  • 6 Orel State Agrarian University named after N.V. Parakhin (Orel SAU), 69, General Rodin Street, Orel, 302019, Russian Federation
Keywords
Antibiotic susceptibility; Bacteria Salmonella; Chicken salmonellosis; Duckling salmonellosis; Poultry; Quails salmonellosis; Resistance of Salmonella
Date of creation
02.11.2020
Date of change
02.11.2020
Short link
https://repository.rudn.ru/en/records/article/record/65539/
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