Prevention of cardiovascular events: Are all recommendations applicable to elderly patients with senile Asthenia?
Primary prevention of cardiovascular events is based on achievement of optimal control of risk factors - arterial hypertension, dyslipidemia, glycemia - in accordance with current recommendations of scientific societies. But most rapidly growing segment of population - elderly and old individuals - have been underrepresented in randomized clinical trials underlying recommendations on primary and secondary prevention. That is why it is problematic to directly apply recommendations to patients from this group of population. In addition, old patients are characterized by accumulation of functional deficits, development of syndrome of senile asthenia («frailty»), and multimorbidity. Effect of these characteristics on prognosis often exceeds that of risk factors. Other important factor is high susceptibility of old patients to risk of development of unfavorable effects because of both changes of pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of drugs and the need for multiple medicines (polypragmasy). While applying existing recommendations to old people one should recognize limitations of current knowledge on best ways of realization of approaches to prevention of cardiovascular prevention which effectiveness has been proved in younger individuals. Improvement of awareness and development of special skills of physicians involved in management of old patients is required for timely detection of the syndrome of senile asthenia. Special geriatric approaches should be implemented in cooperation with specialists in geriatric medicine.