THE ROLE OF PERSON AS A SUBJECT AND OBJECT IN THE SYSTEM OF ENVIRONMENTAL LEGAL RELATIONS IN THE RUSSIAN FEDERATION
The article is dedicated to a theoretical study of a person legal status, which is one of the most important entities and, at the same time, an object of environmental legal relations, which occupies a central place in the system of fundamental environmental values. The author considers the features of the of a person status in the theory of environmental law, the problems of legislative consolidation and implementation of its basic environmental rights and obligations. In particular, the scientific discussions on the inclusion of a person in the list of objects of environmental protection, the role of law in limiting the intensive development of nature by a person, the embodiment of human environmental interests in law, and criteria for a favorable state of the environment are being investigated. Authors analyzes the problems of the realization by a person of his rights and obligations as a subject of environmental legal relations, the right of general use of nature, his participation in environmental legal relations as a special subject. The article concludes that the human rights response, if one exists, should be carried out on a global scale, considering the global environment and climate as a common problem for mankind. The consequences, benefits and drawbacks, of this approach to environmental protection are outlined but need further study.