MORPHOLOGICAL SPECIFICS OF CRANIOFACIAL COMPLEX IN PEOPLE WITH VARIOUS TYPES OF FACIAL SKELETON GROWTH IN CASE OF TRANSVERSAL OCCLUSION ANOMALIES
Harmonious structure of the craniofacial complex is the major component for physical, mental and social well-being. Therefore, delayed diagnostics and treatment of dentoalveolar pathology may lead not to social maladjustment only, yet also to an increased risk of periodontal diseases, carious lesions, and temporomandibular joint functional issues. Following the outcomes of studies involving head anthropometric measurements, computed tomograms and lateral teleradiography of 68 people with physiological occlusion and various types of the facial skeleton growth, a method has been proposed, which can be employed to evaluate the facial structure balance, based on the match between the anteroposterior dimensions of the maxilla alveolar process and the mandible alveolar part. Only 76.47 +/- 5.14% of patients have been identified as having balanced ratios; 14.71 +/- 4.29% of the patients were found to have maxillary sagittal dimensions prevailing, with another 8.82 +/- 3.44% featuring the prevalence of the mandible anterior-posterior dimensions. Besides, the dominance of the mandible body dimensions in relation to the branch has been found in all types of growth of the head facial area. The obtained data have been compared with the anthropometric and radiological data of 12 patients with cross occlusion. It has been proven that in patients with cross occlusion, a change in the face configuration and the dental system morphological status depends on the anomaly shape as well as on the degree of the mandible transversal shift.