The aim of this research was to analyze 106 clinical observations in which sialendoscopy was performed for diagnosis and treatment patients with sialolithiasis. This research showed, that endoscopy of the major salivary gland ductal system allows to obtain information not only on a sialolith, but also on a condition of ductal system. The obtained data define a method of further treatment. Sialendoscopy can be used not only as diagnostic method, but also as an independent method for sialolith removing or as an assistance. The possibility of sialolith removing depends on its mobility, the size of salivary stone, localization and a salivary duct condition. © 2019 Ediciones Medicas del Sur S.R.L.. All rights reserved.