Trace element biomonitoring in hair and blood of occupationally unexposed population residing in polluted areas of East Kazakhstan and Pavlodar regions

Introduction: Eastern and North-Eastern regions of Kazakhstan are considered to be environmentally disadvantaged due to industrial pollution and activity of the former Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site. Ferrous metallurgy is represented by the world's largest ferroalloy plant located in Aksu. In addition to a ferroalloy plant, Aksu is the home for the largest thermal power plant in Kazakhstan. Objective: Biomonitoring of 31 hair and blood trace elements (Ag, Ba, Be, Bi, Cs, Co, Ce, Cr, Cu, Eu, Gd, Hf, In, La, Li, Mn, Mo, Nb, Nd, Pb, Sc, Sn, Tl, Th, U, V, W, Y, Yb, Zn, and Zr) in non-occupationally exposed population residing in polluted areas of East Kazakhstan and Pavlodar regions. Methods: Five case groups, residing in the vicinity to the former Semipalatinsk Nuclear Test Site (Akzhar, Borodulikha, and Karaul) or in proximity to industrial plants (Aksu and Ust-Kamenogorsk) have been assessed vs. controls from a rural settlement in Kurchum. In total, 204 hair and blood samples were analyzed by inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry. Results: The observed blood concentrations of trace elements were in agreement with earlier studies on residents of industrially polluted areas. Elevated levels of blood Ba, Mn, Pb, V, and Zn were detected in residents of Aksu and Ust-Kamenogorsk. The elemental composition of head hair was characterized by greater stability between the study sites. Conclusion: Residency near the former Semipalatinsk Test Site could be considered as safe, while the environmental status of industrial settlements appears to be rather adverse. © 2019 Elsevier GmbH

Semenova Y.1 , Zhunussov Y.1 , Pivina L.1 , Abisheva A.1 , Tinkov A. 3, 4, 5 , Belikhina T.1 , Skalny A. 4, 5, 6 , Zhanaspayev M.1 , Bulegenov T.1 , Glushkova N.1 , Lipikhina A.1 , Dauletyarova M.7 , Zhunussova T.8 , Bjørklund G.9
Elsevier GmbH
  • 1 Semey Medical University, Semey, Kazakhstan
  • 2 CONEM Kazakhstan Environmental Health and Safety Research Group, Semey Medical University, Semey, Kazakhstan
  • 3 Yaroslavl State University, Yaroslavl, Russian Federation
  • 4 Peoples' Friendship University of Russia (RUDN University), Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 5 IM Sechenov First Moscow State Medical University, Moscow, Russian Federation
  • 6 Federal Research Centre of Biological Systems and Agro-technologies of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Orenburg, Russian Federation
  • 7 Astana Medical University, Kazakhstan
  • 8 Norwegian Radiation Protection Authority, Oslo, Norway
  • 9 Council for Nutritional and Environmental Medicine, Mo i Rana, Norway
Blood; Environmental exposure; Hair; Metals; Trace elements
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